“Routes and patterns of the evolution of complexity are poorly understood.”
Serious scientists have linked differences in the competing energy of two photons from the proton motive force to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans. Ages 10+ can learn how serious scientists did this by playing the cell biology game “Cytosis.” It starts from the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy and links it to all biodiversity.
The game “Subatomic” is scheduled for September, 2018 release and in the same month conference presentations during “Schrodinger at 75: The future of biology” will eliminate the pseudoscientific nonsense touted by Eugene Koonin and others like him. See for instance.
“We propose a general conceptual framework for emergence of complexity through competing interactions and frustrated states similar to those that yield patterns in stripe glasses and cause self-organized criticality.”
Koonin knows he is touting pseudoscientific nonsense.
See: Riding the Evolution Paradigm Shift With Eugene Koonin
“The entire evolution of the microbial world and the virus world, and the interaction between microbes and viruses and other life forms have been left out of the Modern Synthesis…”