5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

Ecological adaptations vs the randomness of evolution (3)

Summary: Fifty years later, only theorists and other pseudoscientists have failed to recognize the facts that link experimental evidence of differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force, which links the potential of hydrogen (pH) to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity on Earth. In that context, Carl Zimmer serves as an important example of human idiocy each time he makes claims about evolution.
Serious scientists will meet during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018 to discuss the overwhelming amount of human idiocy exemplified in the works of theorists who failed to learn that life is “All about that base.”
Without the quantized energy-dependent creation of the base pairs, viral latency could not be biophysically constrained and entropy would be used to explain the evolution of biodiversity manifested in sympatric speciation.
See for comparison: The costs of living at the edge: Seasonal stress in wild savanna-dwelling chimpanzees

Adaptations associated with shifting from a predominately forested habitat to a more open environment are considered a crucial step in hominin evolution.

The adaptations are food energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to humans. For example, higher levels of dehydroepiandrosterone in humans are an adaptation.
See:  Dehydroepiandrosterone – is the fountain of youth drying out?

…humans are unique in having adrenals that secrete large amounts of the prohormone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate, DHEA-S, into the bloodstream of males and females. Even non-human primates produce only ~10% of the DHEA found in humans

Carl Zimmer places everything known about how ecological variation must be linked to energy-dependent ecological adaptations into the context of human evolution.
See: Hints of Human Evolution in Chimpanzees That Endure a Savanna’s Heat

Millions of years ago, our apelike ancestors gradually moved from woodlands to savannas and began walking upright at some point. The Fongoli chimpanzees demonstrate just how difficult that transition would have been — and how that challenge may have driven some major changes in our evolution, from evolving sweat glands to losing fur and walking upright.

Before she graduated from her medical technologist course (circa 2014), I mentioned to Misty ______ the importance of  β-lactamase testing to understanding how the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs would soon be linked to all biophysically constrained biodiversity on Earth via antibiotic susceptibility testing in the hospital medical laboratory.
Shared strategies for β-lactam catabolism in the soil microbiome

A hydrolase from the put operon was found to degrade in vitro benzylpenicilloic acid, the β-lactamase penicillin product.

This clearly exemplifies how the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA in β-lactamase positive organisms is linked to antibiotic resistance via what all serious scientists know about the molecular mechanisms of energy-dependent cell type differentiation.
The findings were reported in the ridiculous context of claims about How Bacteria Eat Penicillin

…some of the bacteria could, in fact, eat the drugs… As it turned out, they were everywhere. He also found examples of the phenomenon in the scientific literature going back to the 1960s.

In 1964, McEwen et al, linked the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from Schrödinger’s claims in What is Life? (1944) to the creation of ATP and the creation of RNA. Now, others like McEwen know that RNA interference biophysically constrains viral latency.
In 1968, Frohlich speculated that the highly ordered storage of quantized energy in species from microbes to humans linked hydrogen-atom transfer to the functional structure of cell membranes via the hydrogen bonds of molecules, or other dipolar constituents, which he linked to the shared energy supply that biophysically constrains life.
Fifty years later, only theorists and other pseudoscientists have failed to recognize the facts that link experimental evidence of differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force, which links the potential of hydrogen (pH) to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity on Earth. In that context, Carl Zimmer serves as an important example of human idiocy each time he makes claims about evolution.
See also: UTX-mediated enhancer and chromatin remodeling suppresses myeloid leukemogenesis through noncatalytic inverse regulation of ETS and GATA programs

By integrating proteomic and genomic analyses, we link these changes to UTX regulation of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling, coordination of the COMPASS complex and enhanced pioneering activity of ETS factors during evolution to AML.

They linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight from the creation of ATP to chromatin remodeling during the evolution of pathology, which all serious scientists know is biophysically constrained by the physiology of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction.
See: [Pheromonal regulation of genetic processes: research on the house mouse (Mus musculus L.)] (1994)

A study of the influence of pheromone stressor(s) on proliferating germ and somatic cells was performed on laboratory lines of house mouse in the context of the physiological hypothesis of mutation process, proposed by M.E. Lobashev in 1947. Data from experiments are presented, and results obtained during last 10-15 years are discussed. The adaptive role of cytogenetic and other observed pheromonal effects is considered. The possible existence of interorganism systems of genetic regulation is discussed, the search for and study of which may help in more complete understanding of the regularities of functioning of genetic material.

The interorganism systems of genetic regulation have since been placed into the context of sympatric speciation by all serious scientists.
See: Direct estimation of mutations in great apes reveals significant recent human slowdown in the yearly mutation rate
See also: Analysis of 6,515 exomes reveals the recent origin of most human protein-coding variants

(E) KEGG analysis of the common up- and downregulated mRNAs in NDV infection. The left panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the upregulated mRNAs, and the right panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the downregulated mRNAs.

The eternal significance of microRNAs (6)

Accurate representations of how mutations are linked to the ecological adaptations in viruses that kill us are required to end the stranglehold that pseudoscientists have held on medical research. The pseudoscientists and other theorists make claims about mutation-driven evolution or natural selection and evolution as if the effect of virus-driven energy theft was beneficial to species that have somehow evolved from other species.
Neo-Darwinian theories will cause the death of us all. But first they will kill all the chickens.
Common microRNA-mRNA Interactions in Different Newcastle Disease Virus-Infected Chicken Embryonic Visceral Tissues
figure 3 E (above) includes biosynthesis of amino acids but a word search for “amino acid” turns up nothing.

(E) KEGG analysis of the common up- and downregulated mRNAs in NDV infection. The left panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the upregulated mRNAs, and the right panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the downregulated mRNAs.

The pathways for the biosynthesis of amino acids link microRNA biogenesis from energy-dependent changes in base pairs to amino acid substitutions that stabilize or destabilize the organized genomes in the context of everything that could be learned by playing the cell biology game “Cytosis.”
Ages 10+ can learn how to protect all organized genomes from viruses in the context of the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction of humans, which biophysically constrains viral latency in species from microbes to humans.
One base pair change and one amino acid substitution (e.g., EDAR V370A) in a human host may be all that’s required to protect the organized genome from the virus-driven degradation of mRNA that has been linked to all pathology.
That means the virus-driven theft of quantized energy may link the change in the base pair to an amino acid substitution in the virus that stabilizes the virus. The 1918 Spanish flu was one example of what happens next. But no one knew why it happened until more recently.
See:  Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution (2013)

Koel et al. (p. 976) show that major antigenic change can be caused by single amino acid substitutions.

See also: A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses (2018)

…the PA K338R mutation may be a molecular determinant of IBV pathogenicity via modulating the viral polymerase function of IBVs.

Accurate representations of how mutations are linked to ecological adaptations in viruses are required to end the stranglehold that pseudoscientists have held on medical research. The pseudoscientists and other theorists make claims about mutation-driven evolution or natural selection and evolution as if the effect of virus-driven energy theft was beneficial to species that have somehow evolved from other species.
The most recent example of that nonsense may be the focus of several blog posts here.
See:  Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

…we investigate whether the population occupying Beringia during the LGM represents another example of human adaptation to an extreme environment, this time adapting to very low UV exposure (Fig. 1). There are two lines of genetic evidence for this: variation in the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster that modulates the manufacture of polyunsaturated fatty acids and variation in the ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR) gene that influences ectodermally derived structures, such as teeth, hair, and mammary gland ductal branching. A study on selection on the FADS gene cluster in the ancestral population of Native Americans has been published previously (13), but, here, we shift the emphasis from phenotypic effects on older adults to focus on those that influence fertility via breast milk.

They link the food energy-dependent creation of microRNAs in all mammals from the physiology of reproduction to biophysically constrained viral latency via one base pair change an a single amino acid substitution, EDAR V370A. They refuse to acknowledge the facts that link the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from the creation of microRNAs to viral latency in the mouse-to-human model, and fail to link what is known about what animals eat from the physiology of reproduction to the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of healthy longevity and fertility.
See: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression (2014)

The potential for sperm miRNA affecting zygote development has recently been reported in the literature [18] and has interesting implications for the use of sperm miRNA profiles as indicators of potential male fertility.

See also: Codon identity regulates mRNA stability and translation efficiency during the maternal-to-zygotic transition (2016)

The amino acid optimality code (Fig 6) provides an alternative perspective on sequence changes between paralogs in evolution and human disease.

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The chicken-livered (timid; fearful; cowardly) theorists who refuse to admit that their ridiculous theories have led to the unnecessary suffering and premature death of millions to billions of people and other mammals, have brought us all to the brink of extinction.
Does any intelligent person think that humans will evolve another protective variant allele like the EDAR V370A variant before humanity — as we know it know – ceases to exist?
Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

The frequency of the human-specific EDAR V370A allele appears to be uniquely elevated in North and East Asian and New World populations due to a bout of positive selection likely to have occurred circa 20,000 y ago.

 
 
 
 
 
 

High-throughput sequencing and analysis of microbial community cDNA (#metatranscriptomics) are providing valuable insight into in situ microbial activity and metabolism in the oceans.

The eternal significance of microRNAs (4)

Conclusion: Conserved energy biophysically constrains viral latency.
Metatranscriptomics

High-throughput sequencing and analysis of microbial community cDNA are providing valuable insight into in situ microbial activity and metabolism in the oceans.

When faced with the eternal significance of quantized energy-dependent natural selection for codon optimality, theorists must attack the basics of what is known to serious scientists about biophysically constrained life on Earth.
See for example: Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor
By starting with “raw assemblies” instead of the energy from sunlight that must be linked to the “Assemblies Trinity,” pseudoscientists link “data” to codon optimality. They fail to link the creation of virucidal light from differential gene expression before they link the data to results that are meaningless outside the context of an energy source.
All results can be predicted only in the context of the energy-dependent biophysical constraints that prevent the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA from destroying the supercoiled DNA that is required to maintain viral latency and healthy longevity.
Nutrition, microRNAs, and Human Health (2017)

MicroRNAs (miRs) hybridize with complementary sequences in mRNA and silence genes by destabilizing mRNA or preventing translation of mRNA.

The authors recapitulate the claims from my 2014 invited review of nutritional epigenetics but fail to address the most important aspect of biophysically constrained viral latency, which requires the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs that prevent the translation of mRNA. The destabilizing effects of viruses are eliminated when enough food energy is available to support RNA-directed DNA methylation and fixation of amino acid substitutions in organized genomes.
See:  Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems

This atoms to ecosystems model of ecological adaptations links nutrient-dependent epigenetic effects on base pairs and amino acid substitutions to pheromone-controlled changes in the microRNA / messenger RNA balance and chromosomal rearrangements. The nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled changes are required for the thermodynamic regulation of intracellular signaling, which enables biophysically constrained nutrient-dependent protein folding; experience-dependent receptor-mediated behaviors, and organism-level thermoregulation in ever-changing ecological niches and social niches. Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological, social, neurogenic and socio-cognitive niche construction are manifested in increasing organismal complexity in species from microbes to man.

See for comparison: Prediction of 5-Fluorouracil Toxicity Associated With Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Gene (DPYD) Polymorphism Using the Secondary Structure Prediction Programs
The predicted toxicity must be linked from the energy-dependent creation of dehydrogenase gene polymorphisms. The failure to do that has led to class action litigation.
See also:  DPYD dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

The protein encoded by this gene is a pyrimidine catabolic enzyme and the initial and rate-limiting factor in the pathway of uracil and thymidine catabolism. Mutations in this gene result in dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency, an error in pyrimidine metabolism associated with thymine-uraciluria and an increased risk of toxicity in cancer patients receiving 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.

Finding isoforms is of little use if researchers do not know how the isoforms are created.
medical Definition of isoform.:

any of two or more functionally similar proteins that have a similar but not identical amino acid sequence and are either encoded by different genes or by RNA transcripts from the same gene which have had different exons removed.

Most researchers know nothing about energy-dependent biophysical constraints on the creation of amino acid substitutions in the isoforms.
See for example: NSF’s Big Ideas: Understanding the Rules of Life and The Quantum Leap
The rules of life that include fixation of amino acid substitutions in organized genomes could have been linked from the quantum leap to biophysically constrained viral latency and healthy longevity in all living genera. Instead the presenters failed to answer any of my questions.

1) Has anyone place the rules of Life and the Quantum Leap into the context of food energy-dependent biophysically constrained viral latency and sympatric speciation?
2) Do you think that this parody accurately represents what was known in 2014 about the importance of energy-dependent base pair changes to biophysically constrained protein folding chemistry? All About that Base (Meghan Trainor Parody) 12/10/14
3) Do you agree that questions about genome adaptations compared to the evolution of organized genome are ambiguous in the context of what is known about natural selection for quantized energy-dependent codon optimality?
4) Has the difference in the energy of two photons been linked from altered proton gradients to the protential of hydrogen (pH) and RNA-mediated DNA repair via the creation of microRNAs and enzymes?
NSF funding is largely used to support theories about the emergence of energy and evolution of all biodiversity.
This work would be funded by NSF: The evolutionary history of vertebrate RNA viruses
They claim that the evolutionary history of vertebrates matches the history of the RNA viruses, which they claim is because the viruses evolved. Viruses must steal the quantized energy of sunlight from cell types or they cannot replicate. Does that sound like vertebrate viruses are capable of evolution?
That nonsense was reported as: New study transforms understanding of virus origins and evolution
See also: Estimating evolutionary rates in giant viruses using ancient genomes

…this suggests that these viruses could have diverged at least hundreds of thousands of years ago, and hence have evolved over longer time-scales than previously suggested. We propose that the evolutionary rate and time-scale of pithovirus evolution should be reconsidered in the light of these observations and that future estimates of the rate of giant virus evolution should be carefully examined in the context of their biological plausibility.

All their suggestions have become more ridiculous as more facts about the creation of microRNAs have been placed into the context of biophysically constrained viral latency.
See: MicroRNAs in neural development: from master regulators to fine-tuners

The proper formation and function of neuronal networks is required for cognition and behavior. Indeed, pathophysiological states that disrupt neuronal networks can lead to neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, schizophrenia or intellectual disability. It is well-established that transcriptional programs play major roles in neural circuit development. However, in recent years, post-transcriptional control of gene expression has emerged as an additional, and probably equally important, regulatory layer. In particular, it has been shown that microRNAs (miRNAs), an abundant class of small regulatory RNAs, can regulate neuronal circuit development, maturation and function by controlling, for example, local mRNA translation. It is also becoming clear that miRNAs are frequently dysregulated in neurodevelopmental disorders, suggesting a role for miRNAs in the etiology and/or maintenance of neurological disease states. Here, we provide an overview of the most prominent regulatory miRNAs that control neural development, highlighting how they act as ‘master regulators’ or ‘fine-tuners’ of gene expression, depending on context, to influence processes such as cell fate determination, cell migration, neuronal polarization and synapse formation.

See also: Learning-dependent chromatin remodeling highlights noncoding regulatory regions linked to autism
They identified a single nucleotide polymorphism known as rs6010065. It is associated with differences in microRNAs linked to autism spectrum disorder.
See also: A Common Allele in FGF21 Associated with Sugar Intake Is Associated with Body Shape, Lower Total Body-Fat Percentage, and Higher Blood Pressure
A single nucleotide polymorphism known as rs838133 was linked from food energy-dependent changes in microRNAs to biophysically constrained viral latency and healthy longevity in the mouse-primate-human model of pheromone-controlled reproduction.
I reiterate: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems

In the context of quantized energy as information-driven changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance, a single nucleotide polymorphism known as rs3827760, 1540T/C, 370A, V370A, and/or Val370Ala was linked to conserved morphological and behavioral phenotypes in mice and humans.

See: Epigenetics and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Is There a Correlation?

At a time when all serious scientists have linked energy-dependent changes in electrons to ecosystems, questions about correlations are irrelevant.

See: Oppositional COMT Val158Met effects on resting state functional connectivity in adolescents and adults

Functional connectivity is energy dependent and biophysically constrained by by the energy-dependent physiology of reproduction.

It is time for all biologically uniformed science idiots to admit that the source of all energy-dependent changes in every organism on Earth is sunlight.

See: Resolving sub-cellular miRNA trafficking and turnover at single-molecule resolution

Regulation of microRNA (miRNA) localization and stability is critical for their extensive cytoplasmic RNA silencing activity and emerging nuclear functions. Here, we have developed single-molecule fluorescence-based tools to assess the subcellular trafficking, integrity, and activity of miRNAs.

The regulation of microRNA (miRNA) localization and stability is quantized energy-dependent and pheromone controlled in the context of everything known to serious scientists about biophysically constrained protein folding chemistry and supercoiled DNA, which protects all organized genomes from virus-driven energy theft and genomic entropy.
Why symmetry gets really interesting when it is broken

Energy is conserved…because the laws of physics are the same now as they were a millennium ago…

Long-range coherence and energy storage in biological systems (1968)

The supplied energy is thus not completely thermalized but stored in a highly ordered fashion.

Conserved energy biophysically constrains viral latency.

For God and Country

Abiogenesis vs microRNA biogenesis (2)

All serious scientists learned about Schrödinger’s claims in “What is Life?” (1944).  All serious scientists have since linked the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to “negentropy” and healthy longevity.

See also: Reappraising the human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma

…paving the way for the definitive rejection of the non-recombination dogma for human mtDNA.
 

Recombination is quantized energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of reproduction.

See the works of those who are scheduled to present during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018

Duane Gish never published anything that is indexed on the PubMed database. If you claim that he or anyone else like him, including Henry M. Morris (1918–2006)  is a bonafide scientist, please try to support your ridiculous claims in the context of the historical record of more than 72,000 published works that mention “microRNA.”

If you do not start with the creation of microRNAs (microRNA biogenesis), do not try to explain how natural selection for beneficial mutations links evolution to biodiversity. All serious scientists will make fun of you.

See:

Some will continue to use you as an example of human idiocy.

See why: Signatures of negative selection in the genetic architecture of human complex traits

Reported as: Natural selection still at work in humans

“In natural selection, or ‘survival of the fittest’, characteristics that improve survival are more likely to be passed on to the next generation,” Professor Yang said.

“The opposite also occurs, when DNA mutations with a detrimental effect on fitness are less likely to be passed on, by a process called negative selection.

Mutations link virus-driven energy theft to all pathology, not from negative selection to evolution.
Case report: detection of the identical virus in a patient presenting with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome encephalopathy and the tick that bit her (April 17, 2018)

Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the SFTSV from the patient and the tick was identical. The patient gradually recovered with treatments of corticosteroids and immunoglobulin.

CONCLUSION:

These findings provide further evidence of SFTS viral transmission from H. longicornis to human.

Researchers in South Korea may already know how to protect human populations from the transmission of viruses, which has been linked from the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of pathology to the viral hecatomb in the deep sea.
See also: virus south korea
After the USA fought two land-wars in Asia, the uselessness of vaccine in South Korea and the senseless loss of life has been linked from the “creationist capital of the world” to denuclearization via seemingly futile cycles of protein biosynthesis and the virus-driven driven degradation of messenger RNA.
The facts about energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair extend across species in the context of hearing loss and all other pathology via the cell biology game “Cytosis” for ages 10+

Players compete to build enzymes, hormones and receptors and fend off attacking Viruses!

Science, state, and spirituality: Stories of four creationists in South Korea

Supposedly, Duane Gish and Henry M. Morris (1918–2006) were responsible for making South Korea the “creationist capital of the world.”

Hashem Al-Ghaili pits all creationsts claims against his pseudoscientific nonsense in Memories can pass between generations through DNA (video)

If you wish to pit the claims about evolved instincts against my claims about microRNA biogenesis and biophysically constrained viral latency against the the claims of serious scientists from South Korea, start by explaining how Duane Gish linked the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to all biodiversity. 

All serious scientists learned about Schrödinger’s claims in “What is Life?” (1944).  All serious scientists have since linked the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to “negentropy” and healthy longevity.

See also: Reappraising the human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma

…paving the way for the definitive rejection of the non-recombination dogma for human mtDNA.
 

Recombination is quantized energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of reproduction.

See the works of those who are scheduled to present during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018

Duane Gish never published anything that is indexed on the PubMed database. If you claim that he or anyone else like him, including Henry M. Morris (1918–2006)  is a bonafide scientist, please try to support your ridiculous claims in the context of the historical record of more than 72,000 published works that mention “microRNA.”

If you do not start with the creation of microRNAs (microRNA biogenesis), do not try to explain how natural selection for beneficial mutations links evolution to biodiversity. All serious scientists will make fun of you.

See:

Some will continue to use you as an example of human idiocy.

See why: Signatures of negative selection in the genetic architecture of human complex traits

Reported as: Natural selection still at work in humans

“In natural selection, or ‘survival of the fittest’, characteristics that improve survival are more likely to be passed on to the next generation,” Professor Yang said.

“The opposite also occurs, when DNA mutations with a detrimental effect on fitness are less likely to be passed on, by a process called negative selection.

Mutations link virus-driven energy theft to all pathology, not from negative selection to evolution.
Case report: detection of the identical virus in a patient presenting with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome encephalopathy and the tick that bit her (April 17, 2018)

Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the SFTSV from the patient and the tick was identical. The patient gradually recovered with treatments of corticosteroids and immunoglobulin.

CONCLUSION:

These findings provide further evidence of SFTS viral transmission from H. longicornis to human.

Researchers in South Korea may already know how to protect human populations from the transmission of viruses, which has been linked from the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of pathology to the viral hecatomb in the deep sea.
See also: virus south korea
After the USA fought two land-wars in Asia, the uselessness of vaccine in South Korea and the senseless loss of life has been linked from the “creationist capital of the world” to denuclearization via seemingly futile cycles of protein biosynthesis and the virus-driven driven degradation of messenger RNA.
The facts about energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair extend across species in the context of hearing loss and all other pathology via the cell biology game “Cytosis” for ages 10+

Players compete to build enzymes, hormones and receptors and fend off attacking Viruses!

Indeed, the role of quantized energy as information in information-dependent naturally occurring RNA interference may soon be linked to denuclearization in North Korea (and everywhere else) by the factual representations of researchers from the Republic of South Korea.

See: A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses (2018)
The looming threat of the next viral apocolypse is far greater than the nuclear threat, and researchers in South Korea are probably prepared to defend their population of modern humans.
Bill Gates, for comparison, is still touting the use of relatively useless vaccines.
See: Emergence of Human G2P[4] Rotaviruses in the Post-vaccination Era in South Korea: Footprints of Multiple Interspecies Re-assortment Events (April 16, 2018)

Compared to the G2 RotaTeq vaccine strain, 17-24 amino acid changes, specifically A87T, D96N, S213D, and S242N substitutions in G2 epitopes, were observed. These results suggest that multiple interspecies re-assortment events might have contributed to the emergence of G2P[4] rotaviruses in the post-vaccination era in South Korea.

If researchers in the so-called “creationist capital of the world” decide to genetically engineer a virus and wipe out the less-well ecologically adapted population of modern humans in North Korea, there would be virtually no loss of physical resources. The population of Seoul would benefit most by expanding into more rural areas.
Although this could lead to the futility of another land-war in Asia, it has become clear that everything ends badly. If that was not true, nothing would end. The current threat to anything that might otherwise be considered eternally significant was predicted in the science fiction novel “Quantico” by Greg Bear. It’s not funny any more, but see: Jon Stewart interviews Greg Bear
See also: Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution (2013) This author’s comment was recently removed:

The major antigenic changes of the influenza virus are primarily caused by a single amino acid near the receptor binding site.

But see the editor’s summary:  Koel et al. (p. 976) show that major antigenic change can be caused by single amino acid substitutions.
The energy-dependent fixation of single amino acid substitutions in viruses has since been linked to all pathology in all living genera via the failure of virus-infected cell types to repair their damaged supercoiled DNA. The late Timothy J. Cunningham knew that as well as anyone. Sadly, he vanished without a trace and was found dead a river near his home several weeks later.

Since then, I was asked to comment on the eternal significance of the Vietnam Memorial Wall. I did not yet mention that thermal cycles have been linked to cracks in the Vietnam Memorial Wall because the article was about the American Veterans Traveling Tribute’s Wall.

I wrote:

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall (The Wall) was built with private contributions from the American people. It stands as a symbol of America’s honor, and to recognize the men and women who served and sacrificed their lives in the Vietnam War. The Wall was designed by the daughter of Chinese intellectuals who fled their homeland before the 1949 Communist takeover. She lives in Athens, Ohio.

The Wall is made up of two panels 246 feet 9 inches long. At it’s highest point the wall is over 10 feet tall. The names of more than 58,000 men and women who gave their lives or remain missing are inscribed on the black granite walls. Names are added when more remains are found.

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall stirs emotion. It can even be somewhat overwhelming to visit. When people looks into the polished volcanic rock of the wall, it reportedly “looks back:” It envelops its visitors in the names of those who lost their lives in a war which lasted nearly two decades.

For the hundreds of thousands of Vietnam veterans who are still alive, it is a place of eternal significance.

The Traveling Vietnam Veterans wall is a 80% sized replica of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall in Washington, D.C.

Whether or not you have visited The Wall in Washington, D.C. and/or visited other places of ‘eternal significance,’ you may want to take advantage of the opportunity to see the American Veterans Traveling Tribute’s Traveling Vietnam Wall from May 16-20, 2018 at the Lions Club Fairgrounds 1729 S. Main Street, Ellijay, Georgia 30540.

American Legion Post 82 and the Ellijay Lions Club are the sponsors. American Legion Post 82 will have guides, counselors, and security 24 hrs a day and a computer list to locate where the veterans names are inscribed.

There is no cost to see The Traveling Vietnam Veterans wall. Pencil rubbing of the names can be made just as it can be with the Wall in D.C.

Donations to the American Legion Post 82 Ellijay will be used to help our Veterans and our community.

Biologically uninformed theorists do not understand how researchers in the “creationist capital of the world” have linked the Laws of Thermodynamics to biophysically constrained viral latency. Virus-driven constraint-breaking mutations or nuclear war will almost undoubtedly lead to the death of us all.

Who do you think might save you in a “worst case” scenario? If not for the American Legion, you probably would not have been warned.

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

2018 March for Science vs microRNAs (2)

The anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight on contact with water has been linked from the creation of ATP synthase to the creation of ATP and to the creation of RNA. Energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair has been linked to biophysically constrained viral latency via the creation of microRNAs and feedback loops linked to the food energy-dependent microRNA-mediated physiology of reproduction. The physiology of energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction biophysically constrains viral latency in the context of the creation of the innate immune system and autophagy.
See: miRNA regulation of innate immunity (4/14/18)
None of the facts about the energy-dependent creation of the microRNAs or the microRNA-mediated regulation of innate immunity are included in: The Transcription Factor Runx3 Establishes Chromatin Accessibility of cis-Regulatory Landscapes that Drive Memory Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Formation (4/17/18)
The regulatory landscape that drive memory cytotoxic T lymphocyte formation might just as well be framed in the context of magic or in the equally ridiculous context of gene-centric theories.
See this report: Your immune system holds the line against repeat invaders, thanks to this molecule

Runx3’s control of T cell differentiation is important because when our bodies fight off viruses and cancers—and our T cells burst into action—the vast majority tend to become effector cells. These effector cells are short-lived and do not persist once the infection resolves.

The control of all cell type differentiation is energy-dependent, RNA-mediated and biophysically constrained by the physiology of reproduction in all living genera. The cell biology game “Cytosis” for ages 10+ teaches the facts that link Schrödinger (1944) What is Life? to Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018
In 1944, Schrödinger wrote:

Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded, however, for plants can still make use of it. (These, of course, have their most power supply of ‘negative entropy’ the sunlight.)

See for comparison (this gene-centric pseudoscientific nonsense):
– Part I: FINDING THE CODE (Run time: 12:10
The race to sequence the human genome was also billed as a race to end disease. What happened?

– Part II: FIXING THE CODE (Run time: 13:07)
CRISPR — and the promise and pain of gene therapy that came before it. 

– Part III: SELLING THE CODE (Run time: 10:55)
Genetic testing has moved out of the labs into the masses. But even with your genome in hand, what can you believe?
The gene-centric pseudoscientific nonsense does not start with the creation of energy.  But every aspect of biophysically constrained life on Earth starts with the quantized energy-dependent creation of microRNAs. The epigenetically effected energy-dependent microRNA-mediated creation of the “Code” and the microRNA-mediated fixing of the “Code” is missing from the claims of biologically uninformed theorists who link beneficial mutations from natural selection to evolution. They have sold their gene-centric pseudoscientific nonsense to many people.
For example, some gene-centric biologically uninformed theorists share beliefs about abiogenesis for comparison to quantized energy-dependent microRNA biogenesis in articles like this: DNA Denaturing through UV-C Photon Dissipation: A Possible Route to Archean Non-enzymatic Replication
Conclusion:

Many of the fundamental molecules of life, those common to all three domains; bacteria, eukaryote, and archea, including RNA and DNA, amino acids, enzymes, vitamins, cofactors, and protoporphyrins, absorb photons in the UV-C 1. RNA or DNA in complexes with these molecules act as acceptor quenchers, providing the electronically excited pigment donor molecule with an extremely rapid (sub picosecond) non-radiative dexcitation channel, through internal conversion into vibrational energy of the nucleic acid and surrounding water molecules2.

See John Hewitt’s comment: You have just described the founding principle and thermodynamic function of life
In a classic example of human idiocy (See Feynman: food energy), biologically uninformed science idiots linked the dissipation of quantized energy to the origin of life via abiogenesis. The creation of biophysically constrained biophotonicaly based life in the context of the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs was reported in the context of photon dissipation and entropy as: Abiogenesis: A Theory on The Origins of Life

By now, we all know how evolution works. At least, most of us have a basic understanding of how it functions. At its most fundamental level, evolution is change over time. More specifically, it is changes within a biological population over successive generations.

Ultimately, biological complexity is one of the most important things to come out of evolution. Things started simple. Then genes mutated, cells interacted with their environment, mitochondria stopped being living organisms and started being part of a cell and—Tada—complex life.

A conflict arose between John Hewitt’s accurate representations of biophysically constrained life in The vibrational theory of olfaction for the win  and few months ago, Hewitt blocked me from seeing his tweets.

The same kinds of amino acid substitutions that control the separations and interactions of side chains in fluorescent proteins also play an essential role in tuning the proposed mechanism for vibration detection—inelastic electron tunneling. Life literally runs on electron tunneling through the respiratory chain complexes in mitochondria. These proteins employ complicated mechanisms including esoteric-soundings things like electron bifurcation and confurcation to pump protons across the mitochondrial inner membrane. When mitochondria go dark, cells can often continue to run for a short while, but it is only in the dim glow of the battery backup metabolism.

Here are some links to the reason for the conflict. Simply put, John Hewitt put everything known to serious scientists about energy-dependent microRNA biogenesis back into the context of abiogenesis.
2005 MicroRNA biogenesis: coordinated cropping and dicing
2015 Dysregulation of microRNA biogenesis and gene silencing in cancer
2015 RNA-mediated degradation of microRNAs: A widespread viral strategy?
Claims about abiogenesis exemplify what Richard Feynman referred to as human idiocy. So does John Hewitt and anyone else who believes in Michaelian’s pseudoscientific nonsense.
See other examples of Michaelian’s pseudoscientific nonsense and human idiocy by clicking here.
The energy-dependent creation of one domain of life links the physiology of reproduction in bacteria to biophysically constrained viral latency. The virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA is linked to the destruction of all life on Earth.
The degradation of messenger RNA links mutations to the creation of archaea and L-forms via entropy, which clearly links the weakening of the proton motive force to the elimination of the cell wall in L-forms (the last remnants of creation).
See also: Past 5,000 years prolific for changes to human genome
If you cannot link the miRNA regulation of innate immunity to all extant biodiversity via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction and fixation of energy-dependent microRNA-mediated amino acid substitutions, thank a biologically uniformed science idiot.
 

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

The eternal significance of microRNAs (2)

Summary: What is known for sure, however, is that biological processes called “nature” are not simplistic. Neither is the entity called “the environment.” The two separate worlds overlap and intertwine so only a single interactive one exists. Yes, it may be simpler to look at each singly, but one does so at intellectual peril.
The Immune Landscape of Cancer (2018)

Multiple control modalities of the intracellular and extracellular networks (transcription, microRNAs, copy number, and epigenetic processes) were involved in tumor-immune cell interactions, both across and within immune subtypes.

More than 725 collaborators linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight  from  the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs and biophysically constrained viral latency to cell type differentiation via autophagy.
See for comparison: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior (1996)

What is known for sure, however, is that biological processes called “nature” are not simplistic. Neither is the entity called “the environment.” The two separate worlds overlap and intertwine so only a single interactive one exists. Yes, it may be simpler to look at each singly, but one does so at intellectual peril.

Richard P. Feynman placed the intellectual peril into the context of food energy and human idiocy.
See:

See also: The Translation Machinery Is Immune from miRNA Perturbations: A Cell-Based Probabilistic Approach

Mature microRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA that regulate most human genes through base-pairing with their targets.

Base-pairing is energy-dependent and biophysically constrained. See: Structural diversity of supercoiled DNA and the parody: All About that Base (Meghan Trainor Parody) 12/10/14
Others now appear to be following on the heels of the late Eshel Ben-Jacob’s works, which showed that the “stochastic nature of miRNA action” is light energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans.
See: MicroRNA-based regulation of epithelial–hybrid–mesenchymal fate determination
MicroRNA-based regulation is obviously the key to biophysically constrained viral latency in the context of everything known about the eternal significance of microRNAs.
See also: microRNA 
The quantized energy-dependent differential expression of microRNAs has been linked to healthy longevity or from virus-driven energy theft to all pathology in more than 71,000 indexed published works.
Serious scientists now know that John McCain’s glioblastoma can probably be effectively treated with the microRNA-mediated immunotherapy that led to the remission of Jimmy Carter’s brain cancer.
See: John McCain’s brain cancer prognosis is ‘not very good,’ medical expert says
The reporters touch on the likely link from melanoma to brain cancer via microRNAs, and then dismiss it.
See for comparison: Reduced expression of brain-enriched microRNAs in glioblastomas permits targeted regulation of a cell death gene
Would you like to target the regulation of your cell death genes?
See: The Remarkable Cancer Treatment That Helped Jimmy Carter Combat Brain Tumor

…his doctors have said he no longer needs cancer treatment thanks in part to a groundbreaking new kind of medication that trains the immune system to fight cancer tumors.

Anyone who is interested in learning how to prevent all diseases of the body and the brain (e.g., suicide prevention) may want to select the following link. Broad Anti-tumor Activity of a Small Molecule that Selectively Targets the Warburg Effect and Lipogenesis.
The Warburg Effect links virus-driven energy theft to all pathology in the context of sympatric speciation, which is food energy-dependent and controlled by feedback loops that link the food energy to the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction.
Unfortunately, the Warburg effect is commonly used to explain mutation-driven evolution outside the context of the food energy that is required for sympatric speciation. Biologically uninformed theorists continue to display what Feynman referred to as human idiocy — as if no one on Earth can stop them.
But see: Cytosis. You could learn that the cure for all pathology is food energy-dependent and microRNA-mediated in the context of biophysically constrained viral latency.
See also: Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution
Anyone who makes claims about “viral evolution”  should be forced to explain why they have not learned how fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions have been linked to healthy longevity.

Editor’s summary: Five antigenic sites in the virus surface hemagglutinin protein, which together comprise 131 amino acid positions, are thought to determine the full scope of antigenic drift of influenza A virus. Koel et al. (p. 976) show that major antigenic change can be caused by single amino acid substitutions.

See also: Whole-transcriptome brain expression and exon-usage profiling in major depression and suicide: evidence for altered glial, endothelial and ATPase activity

Brain gene expression profiling studies of suicide and depression using oligonucleotide microarrays have often failed to distinguish these two phenotypes. Moreover, next generation sequencing approaches are more accurate in quantifying gene expression and can detect alternative splicing.

Who doesn’t want others to know that our 1996 Hormones and Behavior review of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation included a section on “molecular epigenetics” and alternative splicing? See: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

Autophagy in health and disease (1)

Novel Treatment Strategies for the Nervous System: Circadian Clock Genes, Non-coding RNAs, and Forkhead Transcription Factors

Each of these pathways have an intimate relationship with the programmed death pathways of autophagy and apoptosis and share a common link to the silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (SIRT1) and the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). Circadian clock genes are necessary to modulate autophagy, limit cognitive loss, and prevent neuronal injury. Non-coding RNAs can control neuronal stem cell development and neuronal differentiation and offer protection against vascular disease…

The author includes what is known about the links from biophysically constrained RNA-mediated energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction in yeasts to mammals.
See also this comment by Frank Xavier on Eat Yourself to Live: Autophagy’s Role in Health and Disease

Amino acids are not all the same, EAA and NEAA messages epigenetically control sometimes univocal responses, but more often they rule opposing effects.

I wrote:

Thanks for mentioning that. In a recent interview about his forthcoming book, Carl Zimmer claimed

…we need to be much more skeptical about other forms of heredity, like epigenetics.

(edited) Food energy-dependent biophysically constrained viral latency has been linked to healthy longevity in all living genera via autophagy, in the context of fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and game play in Cytosis, for ages 10+.

In that context, we included a section on molecular epigenetics in this 1996 Hormones and Behavior review: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

Our claims have since been supported at every level of examination that now links the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from electrons to ecosystems via cryo-EM technology and the creation of microRNAs.

See: Regulation of Luteinizing Hormone Receptor mRNA Expression in the Ovary: The Role of miR-122 and Regulation of FSH expression by differentially expressed miR-186-5p in rat anterior adenohypophyseal cells and Modulation of miRNAs by Vitamin C in Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells
The microRNA-mediated link from Vitamin C to ecological adaptations in a modern human population in China established the facts about alternative splicings of pre-mRNA that we included in our 1996 review. See: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems
See also:  Reproductive role of miRNA in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis
See also: Chemistry at the nexus of water and energy

Our ability to harness reactions that absorb or release energy is often contingent on water as a mediator. We can appreciate this simply by considering the steam that drives our electricity-generating turbines, the rivers that flow through our hydroelectric plants, and the freshwater–saltwater interface from which we can harvest blue energy. Whether we split water (as plants do), make it (as a product of combustion) or just drink it, this compound is inexorably tied to energy. Chemistry is at the heart of these topics and this collection brings together content from across Nature Research that focuses on the chemistry of energy production and water treatment.

Philip C. Ball and Carl Zimmer continue to display their overwhelming ignorance of cell biology in two books:
Beyond Weird

We now realise that quantum mechanics is less about particles and waves, uncertainty and fuzziness, than a theory about information…

See for comparison: Life is physics and chemistry and communication and What is life when it is not protected from virus driven entropy
See also: She Has Her Mother’s Laugh: The Powers, Perversions, and Potential of Heredity

We need a new definition of what heredity is…

Both so-called science journalists have ignored everything known to serious scientists about biophysically constrained viral latency. They reach a very large target audience of others who are biologically uninformed.
In the context of those who are equally uninformed, so-called science journalists have the power to contribute to increasing amounts of  unnecessary suffering and premature deaths. Only the emergence of Timothy J. Cunningham as director of the CDC is likely to stop them. May God help us all if Timothy J. Cunningham has somehow vanished without a trace and fails to return to put pseudoscientists and their idiot minions into their proper place.

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

George Church refutes theistic evolution (4)

See: George Church refutes theistic evolution (February 9, 2017)
See also: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (February 15, 2017)

Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Light induced energy-dependent changes link angstroms to ecosystems from classical physics to chemistry/chirality and to molecular epigenetics/autophagy. The National Microbiome Initiative links microbial quorum sensing to the physiology of reproduction via endogenous RNA interference and chromosomal rearrangements. The rearrangements link energy-dependent fixed amino acid substitutions to the Precision Medicine Initiative via genome wide inferences of natural selection.

This detailed representation of energy-dependent natural selection for codon optimality links biologically- based cause and effect from G protein-coupled receptors to RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and the functional structure of supercoiled DNA. Energy-dependent polycombic ecological adaptations are manifested in supercoiled DNA. Chromosomal inheritance links the adaptations from morphological phenotypes to healthy longevity via behavioral phenotypes. For contrast, virus-driven energy theft is the link from messenger RNA degradation to negative supercoiling, constraint breaking mutations, and hecatombic evolution. The viral hecatomb links transgenerational epigenetic inheritance from archaea to Zika virus-damaged DNA, which typically is repaired by endogenous RNA interference and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in organized genomes.

See for comparison: Church Speaks  George Church (February 14, 2018)

[Arctic grass and] cyanobacteria, on the other hand, they fix [carbon]. Cyanobacteria turn carbon dioxide, a global warming gas, into carbohydrates and other carbon-containing polymers, which sequester the carbon so that they’re no longer global warming gases. They turn it into their own bodies. They do this on such a big scale that about 15 percent of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is fixed every year by these cyanobacteria, which is roughly the amount that we’re off from the pre-industrial era. If all of the material that they fix didn’t turn back into carbon dioxide, we’d have solved the global warming problem in a year or two. The reality, however, is that almost as soon as they divide and make baby bacteria, phages break them open, spilling their guts, and they start turning into carbon dioxide. Then all the other things around them start chomping on the bits left over from the phages.

The anti-entropic virucidal quantized energy of sunlight links the creation of ATP to the creation of microRNAs and changes in the energy-dependent microRNA/messenger RNA balance, which link what organisms eat to RNA-mediated fixation of amino acid substitutions that differentiate all cell types in all individuals of all living genera. Simply put, sunlight, food energy, and pheromones biophysically constrain the DNA damage that is done by phages.
Release of the cell biology game “Cytosis” and the forthcoming conference Evolution – Genetic Novelty/Genomic Variations by RNA Networks and Viruses (4 – 8 July 2018 Salzburg – Austria) have forced George Church and others like him to begin telling the scientific truth about how the virus-driven theft of quantized energy is either biophysically constrained, or linked from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA to mutations and all pathology.

Preliminary List of Confirmed Speakers (41)
Chantal Abergel >
Aix-Marseille University, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Information Génomique & Structurale, Marseille, France
Gustavo Caetano Anolles >
Department of Crop Sciences, Evolutionary Bioinformatics Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, USA.
Marlene Belfort >

Department of Biological Sciences and RNA Institute, University at Albany, New York, USA
Felix Broecker >
Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Julian Chen >
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
Jean-Michel Claverie >
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France
Bryan Cullen >
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology and Center for Virology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, USA
Valerian Dolja >

Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA
Cedric Feschotte >
Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, USA
Matthias Fischer >
Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Heidelberg, Germany
David Gilmer >
Institut de biologie moléculaire des plantes, Integrative virology, Strasbourg, France
Reynald Gillet >
Université de Rennes 1, Translation and Folding Team, Rennes cedex, France Institut Universitaire de France
Jordi Gomez >
Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina ‘López-Neyra’ (CSIC), Granada, Spain
Matti Jalasvuori >

Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
I.King Jordan >
School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Eugene Koonin >
National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, USA.
Dusan Kordis >
Department of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, Josef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Mart Krupovic >

Unit BMGE, Department of Microbiology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Erez Levanon >
Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
German Martinez >
Dept. of Plant Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
John Mattick >
Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, Australia
Jeff Miller >
California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Karin Moelling >
Max Planck Institute for molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany
Sabine Müller >
Universität Greifswald, Institut für Biochemie , Greifswald , Germany
Ulrich Müller >
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, USA
Mariusz Nowacki >
Institute of Cell Biology, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 4, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
David Prangishvili >
Department of Microbiology, BMGE, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Lennart Randau >
Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
Forest Rohwer >
Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
Corrado Spadafora >
Institute of Translational Pharmacology, CNR, Rome, Italy
James Shapiro >
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , University of Chicago , IL , USA
Jason Shepherd >
Biochemistry and Ophthalmology & Visual SciencesUniversity of Utah, School of Medicine Salt Lake City, USA
Ravindra Singh >
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, USA
Keizo Tomonaga >
Laboratory of RNA Viruses, Department of Virus Research, Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan
Peter Unrau >
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
Luis P. Villarreal >
Center for Virus Research, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
Andreas Werner >
RNA biology group, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, UK
Eric Westhof >
Architecture and Reactivity of RNA, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology of the CNRS, University of Strasbourg, France
Bojan Zagrovic >
Department of Structural and Computational Biology, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Vienna, Austria
Steven Zimmerly >
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

 

An evolutionary theory killer

Subatomic: From thermophiles to humans

A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it. — Max Planck
Every great scientific truth goes through three stages. First, people say it conflicts with the Bible. Next they say it has been discovered before. Lastly they say they always believed it. — Louis Agassiz  (1807-1873)
The claims of neo-Darwininan theorists and big bang cosmologists bastardized the scientific truth that he included in his “conditions of life.” The theorists made it appear that the greatest of all scientific truths did not come from the Bible because their ridiculous theories were nowhere to be found in the context of links from the creation of energy to the physiology of reproduction and all morphological and behavioral diversity on Earth.
See for comparison:

Subatomic

Subatomic is themed around the intersection of particle physics and chemistry! At it’s core, Subatomic is a deck-building game with a light Area Majority mechanic for end game points. Players start with a hand of Up Quarks, Down Quarks and Particle/Wave Duality cards, which they use to form protons, neutrons, and electrons. Players combine these subatomic particles to either build available Elements or buy even more powerful cards for their deck.

See also: Modulation of miRNAs by Vitamin C in Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells (Nutrients, February 8, 2018)

We hypothesized that vitamin C mediates these biological processes partially through miRNA regulation.

MiRNA regulation is quantized energy-dependent. The energy comes from the sun. Their hypothesis appears to be based on my claims in my invited review of nutritional epigenetics, which was returned without review by the guest editors of the journal “Nutrients.”
I linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight from the claims in Schrodinger (1944) “What is life?” via the quantized energy-dependent creation of microRNAs and vitamin C.
See  Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems

The likelihood that hemoglobin variants are associated with other beneficial nutrient energy-dependent changes in microbiota populations in the gut can be considered in the context of how balanced nutrition, which includes access to endogenous vitamin C in human populations, supports efficient metabolism and ecological niche construction (McNulty, et al., 2011).

Nutrient-dependent epigenetic effects on histone modifications and DNA methylation play an important role in stabilizing cell type identity and in orchestrating many developmental processes. For example, vitamin C appears to stimulate histone demethylases, which appear to alter the de novo creation of functional G protein-coupled genes such as olfactory receptor genes (Adipietro, Mainland, & Matsunami, 2012; Blaschke et al., 2013; Jazin & Cahill, 2010; Lyons et al., 2013; Tan, Zong, & Xie, 2013).

Researchers recently rediscovered a nutrient-dependent epigenetic variant that links vitamin C to what is probably a glucose and glucose dehydrogenase-dependent base pair change. The base pair change results in addition of a methyl group to a cytosine base, which takes on a hydroxyl group to form different 5-hydroxymethylcytosines (5hmCs). Different 5hmCs are associated with differences in cell types that have the same genetic backgrounds. Nutrient-dependent epigenetically-marked bases help to explain how hundreds of cell types in the human body and in the brain (Kriaucionis & Heintz, 2009) are differentiated and how they maintain their glucose-dependent and other nutrient-dependent receptor-mediated identities (Wu et al., 2014).

Conclusion:

In the context of climate change and changes in diet, the story began with what probably was a nutrient-dependent base pair change and a variant epiallele that arose in a human population in what is now central China. Apparently, the effect of the epiallele was adaptive and it was manifested in the context of an effect on sweat, skin, hair, and teeth. In another mammal, such as the mouse, the effect on sweat, skin, hair, and teeth is probably due to a nutrient-dependent epigenetic effect on hormones responsible for the tweaking of immense gene networks that metabolize nutrients to pheromones. The pheromones appear to control the nutrient-dependent epigenetically-effected hormone-dependent organization and hormone-activation of reproductive sexual behavior in mammals such as mice and humans, but also in invertebrates and in microbes as previously indicated.The ecological adaptations, which appear to be manifested in the human population are detailed in these two reports (Grossman, et al., 2013; Kamberov, et al., 2013).

The ecological adaptations are likely to be nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled. If so, ecological variation probably leads to ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction, which is manifested in increasing organismal complexity and species diversity. If not, there may be something as yet unknown about mutations and evolution that makes sense in the light of what is known about nutritional epigenetics and the molecular biology of species from microbes to man.

See also: The RNA-Binding Protein NONO Coordinates Hepatic Adaptation to Feeding

…our study demonstrates that NONO post-transcriptionally coordinates circadian mRNA expression of metabolic genes with the feeding/fasting cycle, thereby playing a critical role in energy homeostasis.

Reported as: Researchers discover how liver responds so quickly to food

“After mice eat, it looks as if NONO brings all these RNAs together and processes them so they can be used to make proteins,” says Panda.

Panda linked what serious scientists know about food energy-dependent RNA interference to autophagy, which protects all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA and all mutations, which have been linked to all pathology.
See: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (video 6.46 minutes)
See also: Untangling Neurodegenerative Diseases using Cryo-Electron Microscopy

Wednesday, February 7, 2018 12PM EST (available on demand with registration)

Everything I claimed about the need to link microRNAs to RNA-mediated amino acid substitution ins proteins was included in the context of this Webinar

Within the first 10 minutes, the speaker describes the ability to link specific amino acids to the structure of the protein strand, which allows for the differentiation of pathology from healthy longevity.

Within the first 17 minutes, he links energy-dependent changes in hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution from microtubules to neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Lewy Body Disease, and ALS.

He adds that others who are interested in his approach may contact him and he many help them to refine their approach.

Simply put, he does not seem to be among a group of competitors with interests that might prevent the dissemination of accurate information or to prevent rapid scientific advances linked from preventative medicine to Precision Medicine via cryo-EM technology.

Keep in mind the fact that Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution (1973), and this claim:

…the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.

Refine your approach to include this fact: Humans And Chimps Differ At Level Of Gene Splicing (2007)

Splicing is the process by which the coding regions of genes are joined to generate genetic messages that specify the production of proteins, the key structural and functional constituents of cells. Splicing can occur in alternative ways in the same genetic message to generate more than one type of protein. The new findings reveal that the alternative splicing process differs significantly between humans and chimpanzees.

See also: Tissue-Specific Alternative Splicing Remodels Protein-Protein Interaction Networks (2012)
Stop touting ridiculous theories before everyone who understands the fact that cryo-EM links everything known to serious scientists about the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from the physiology of reproduction to healthy longevity. Only then will you begin to understand how the virus-driven theft of quantized energy links the degradation of messenger RNA from mutations to all pathology.
Teach your children well. If you teach them to believe in ridiculous theories, your hell will become theirs. Alzheimer’s is a form of hell on Earth, for example.

Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Teach Your Children

Here Comes the Sun: A Tribute to George Harrison by Paul Simon, Crosby and Grahm Nash