5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

Ecological adaptations vs the randomness of evolution (3)

Summary: Fifty years later, only theorists and other pseudoscientists have failed to recognize the facts that link experimental evidence of differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force, which links the potential of hydrogen (pH) to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity on Earth. In that context, Carl Zimmer serves as an important example of human idiocy each time he makes claims about evolution.
Serious scientists will meet during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018 to discuss the overwhelming amount of human idiocy exemplified in the works of theorists who failed to learn that life is “All about that base.”
Without the quantized energy-dependent creation of the base pairs, viral latency could not be biophysically constrained and entropy would be used to explain the evolution of biodiversity manifested in sympatric speciation.
See for comparison: The costs of living at the edge: Seasonal stress in wild savanna-dwelling chimpanzees

Adaptations associated with shifting from a predominately forested habitat to a more open environment are considered a crucial step in hominin evolution.

The adaptations are food energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to humans. For example, higher levels of dehydroepiandrosterone in humans are an adaptation.
See:  Dehydroepiandrosterone – is the fountain of youth drying out?

…humans are unique in having adrenals that secrete large amounts of the prohormone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate, DHEA-S, into the bloodstream of males and females. Even non-human primates produce only ~10% of the DHEA found in humans

Carl Zimmer places everything known about how ecological variation must be linked to energy-dependent ecological adaptations into the context of human evolution.
See: Hints of Human Evolution in Chimpanzees That Endure a Savanna’s Heat

Millions of years ago, our apelike ancestors gradually moved from woodlands to savannas and began walking upright at some point. The Fongoli chimpanzees demonstrate just how difficult that transition would have been — and how that challenge may have driven some major changes in our evolution, from evolving sweat glands to losing fur and walking upright.

Before she graduated from her medical technologist course (circa 2014), I mentioned to Misty ______ the importance of  β-lactamase testing to understanding how the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs would soon be linked to all biophysically constrained biodiversity on Earth via antibiotic susceptibility testing in the hospital medical laboratory.
Shared strategies for β-lactam catabolism in the soil microbiome

A hydrolase from the put operon was found to degrade in vitro benzylpenicilloic acid, the β-lactamase penicillin product.

This clearly exemplifies how the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA in β-lactamase positive organisms is linked to antibiotic resistance via what all serious scientists know about the molecular mechanisms of energy-dependent cell type differentiation.
The findings were reported in the ridiculous context of claims about How Bacteria Eat Penicillin

…some of the bacteria could, in fact, eat the drugs… As it turned out, they were everywhere. He also found examples of the phenomenon in the scientific literature going back to the 1960s.

In 1964, McEwen et al, linked the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from Schrödinger’s claims in What is Life? (1944) to the creation of ATP and the creation of RNA. Now, others like McEwen know that RNA interference biophysically constrains viral latency.
In 1968, Frohlich speculated that the highly ordered storage of quantized energy in species from microbes to humans linked hydrogen-atom transfer to the functional structure of cell membranes via the hydrogen bonds of molecules, or other dipolar constituents, which he linked to the shared energy supply that biophysically constrains life.
Fifty years later, only theorists and other pseudoscientists have failed to recognize the facts that link experimental evidence of differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force, which links the potential of hydrogen (pH) to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity on Earth. In that context, Carl Zimmer serves as an important example of human idiocy each time he makes claims about evolution.
See also: UTX-mediated enhancer and chromatin remodeling suppresses myeloid leukemogenesis through noncatalytic inverse regulation of ETS and GATA programs

By integrating proteomic and genomic analyses, we link these changes to UTX regulation of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling, coordination of the COMPASS complex and enhanced pioneering activity of ETS factors during evolution to AML.

They linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight from the creation of ATP to chromatin remodeling during the evolution of pathology, which all serious scientists know is biophysically constrained by the physiology of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction.
See: [Pheromonal regulation of genetic processes: research on the house mouse (Mus musculus L.)] (1994)

A study of the influence of pheromone stressor(s) on proliferating germ and somatic cells was performed on laboratory lines of house mouse in the context of the physiological hypothesis of mutation process, proposed by M.E. Lobashev in 1947. Data from experiments are presented, and results obtained during last 10-15 years are discussed. The adaptive role of cytogenetic and other observed pheromonal effects is considered. The possible existence of interorganism systems of genetic regulation is discussed, the search for and study of which may help in more complete understanding of the regularities of functioning of genetic material.

The interorganism systems of genetic regulation have since been placed into the context of sympatric speciation by all serious scientists.
See: Direct estimation of mutations in great apes reveals significant recent human slowdown in the yearly mutation rate
See also: Analysis of 6,515 exomes reveals the recent origin of most human protein-coding variants

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

The eternal significance of microRNAs (2)

Summary: What is known for sure, however, is that biological processes called “nature” are not simplistic. Neither is the entity called “the environment.” The two separate worlds overlap and intertwine so only a single interactive one exists. Yes, it may be simpler to look at each singly, but one does so at intellectual peril.
The Immune Landscape of Cancer (2018)

Multiple control modalities of the intracellular and extracellular networks (transcription, microRNAs, copy number, and epigenetic processes) were involved in tumor-immune cell interactions, both across and within immune subtypes.

More than 725 collaborators linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight  from  the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs and biophysically constrained viral latency to cell type differentiation via autophagy.
See for comparison: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior (1996)

What is known for sure, however, is that biological processes called “nature” are not simplistic. Neither is the entity called “the environment.” The two separate worlds overlap and intertwine so only a single interactive one exists. Yes, it may be simpler to look at each singly, but one does so at intellectual peril.

Richard P. Feynman placed the intellectual peril into the context of food energy and human idiocy.
See:

See also: The Translation Machinery Is Immune from miRNA Perturbations: A Cell-Based Probabilistic Approach

Mature microRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA that regulate most human genes through base-pairing with their targets.

Base-pairing is energy-dependent and biophysically constrained. See: Structural diversity of supercoiled DNA and the parody: All About that Base (Meghan Trainor Parody) 12/10/14
Others now appear to be following on the heels of the late Eshel Ben-Jacob’s works, which showed that the “stochastic nature of miRNA action” is light energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans.
See: MicroRNA-based regulation of epithelial–hybrid–mesenchymal fate determination
MicroRNA-based regulation is obviously the key to biophysically constrained viral latency in the context of everything known about the eternal significance of microRNAs.
See also: microRNA 
The quantized energy-dependent differential expression of microRNAs has been linked to healthy longevity or from virus-driven energy theft to all pathology in more than 71,000 indexed published works.
Serious scientists now know that John McCain’s glioblastoma can probably be effectively treated with the microRNA-mediated immunotherapy that led to the remission of Jimmy Carter’s brain cancer.
See: John McCain’s brain cancer prognosis is ‘not very good,’ medical expert says
The reporters touch on the likely link from melanoma to brain cancer via microRNAs, and then dismiss it.
See for comparison: Reduced expression of brain-enriched microRNAs in glioblastomas permits targeted regulation of a cell death gene
Would you like to target the regulation of your cell death genes?
See: The Remarkable Cancer Treatment That Helped Jimmy Carter Combat Brain Tumor

…his doctors have said he no longer needs cancer treatment thanks in part to a groundbreaking new kind of medication that trains the immune system to fight cancer tumors.

Anyone who is interested in learning how to prevent all diseases of the body and the brain (e.g., suicide prevention) may want to select the following link. Broad Anti-tumor Activity of a Small Molecule that Selectively Targets the Warburg Effect and Lipogenesis.
The Warburg Effect links virus-driven energy theft to all pathology in the context of sympatric speciation, which is food energy-dependent and controlled by feedback loops that link the food energy to the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction.
Unfortunately, the Warburg effect is commonly used to explain mutation-driven evolution outside the context of the food energy that is required for sympatric speciation. Biologically uninformed theorists continue to display what Feynman referred to as human idiocy — as if no one on Earth can stop them.
But see: Cytosis. You could learn that the cure for all pathology is food energy-dependent and microRNA-mediated in the context of biophysically constrained viral latency.
See also: Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution
Anyone who makes claims about “viral evolution”  should be forced to explain why they have not learned how fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions have been linked to healthy longevity.

Editor’s summary: Five antigenic sites in the virus surface hemagglutinin protein, which together comprise 131 amino acid positions, are thought to determine the full scope of antigenic drift of influenza A virus. Koel et al. (p. 976) show that major antigenic change can be caused by single amino acid substitutions.

See also: Whole-transcriptome brain expression and exon-usage profiling in major depression and suicide: evidence for altered glial, endothelial and ATPase activity

Brain gene expression profiling studies of suicide and depression using oligonucleotide microarrays have often failed to distinguish these two phenotypes. Moreover, next generation sequencing approaches are more accurate in quantifying gene expression and can detect alternative splicing.

Who doesn’t want others to know that our 1996 Hormones and Behavior review of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation included a section on “molecular epigenetics” and alternative splicing? See: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

A mental health problem at the highest level (3)

Summary: It has been 75 years since Erwin Schrödinger exposed the pseudoscientific nonsense of mutation-driven evolution in the lecture series that was published as What is Life? (1944)
The mental health of so-called science journalists must be addressed. Many of them seem to be pathological liars or, at best biologically uninformed science idiots who cannot link physics and chemistry from molecular epigenetics to all energy-dependent biodiversity on Earth.
The Biggest Myth In Quantum Physics by Ethan Siegel
Conclusion:

Take ourselves out of it, and all we have are the equations, the results, and the answers that the physical Universe gives. Physics cannot answer questions about “why” the Universe works the way it does; it can only explain how it works at all. If you’re interested in the fundamental nature of reality, ask the Universe questions about itself, and when it tells you its secrets, listen. Anything else that you layer atop it was put there by you, not by the Universe. Avoid that temptation, and you’ll never fall for the greatest myth about quantum physics: that it needs an interpretation at all.

The claim that quantum physics does not require a meaningful approach to explaining how energy is linked to all biodiversity in the context of interpretation of facts is ridiculous. Astrophysicist and author Ethan Siegel is the founder and primary writer of the blog “Starts With A Bang!” His books include Treknology and Beyond The Galaxy, Simply put, he is a biologically uniformed science idiot, like others who have failed to link their ridiculous theories to all biodiversity on Earth.
See for comparison: Refined control of cell stemness allowed animal evolution in the oxic realm
Reported as: Why animals diversified on Earth: Cancer research provides clues 

Just the presence of free oxygen is the result of some microbes finding a way of using sunlight to get energy. This was also a biological event.

The difference between how animals diversified and why they diversified is perfectly clear to all serious scientists. Energy is required!
McEwen et al (1964) linked the biological event from the creation of ATP to the creation of RNA and the creation of all biophysically constrained biodiversity. All other serious scientists have since followed his lead. Dobzhansky (1964) suggested that would happen.

The notion has gained some currency that the only worthwhile biology is molecular biology. All else is “bird watching” or “butterfly collecting.” Bird watching and butterfly collecting are occupations manifestly unworthy of serious scientists! I have heard a man whose official title happens to be Professor of Zoology declare to an assembly of his colleagues that “a good man cannot teach zoology. A good man can teach, of course, only molecular biology.

Such pronunciamentos can be dismissed as merely ridiculous. They are, however, caricatures of opinions entertained by some intelligent and reasonable people, whose views deserve an honest and careful consideration and analysis. Science must cope with new problems that arise and devise new approaches to old problems. Some lines of research become less profitable and less exciting and others more so.

The claims made in the fake news about Donald Trump’s mental state can now be linked to the mental heath of his antagonists who have never seen Dozhansky’s “light of evolution.”
Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution

For example, the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla (p. 127).”

The anti-entropic virucidal effect of sunlight was linked from ecological variation to ecological adaption in all living genera via the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in soil bacteria in: What is Life? (1944)

Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded, however, for plants can still make use of it. (These, of course, have their most power supply of ‘negative entropy’ the sunlight.)

Seventy-four years later we have this example of human idiocy: Transposon-derived small RNAs triggered by miR845 mediate genome dosage response in Arabidopsis
Reported as: Counting chromosomes: Plant scientists solve a century-old mystery about reproduction (2018)

Today, a team of geneticists reveals a remarkable mechanism that enables plants to count their chromosomes, solving a century-old mystery.

Molecular mechanisms are energy-dependent. That’s no mystery. See: How an RNA gene silences a whole chromosome (2015)
Most science journalists have refused to inform themselves. They have not linked sunlight on contact with water to all energy-dependent biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction. For example, John Hewitt wrote:

If anything we know the Sky Fathers totally forgot about selenium during most of the design phase and then had to write him in at the end as a walk-on.

I was surprised by his sarcastic attack on religion and wrote:

Let’s not do this. See instead: A third of Americans don’t believe in evolution 

Those who do not believe in evolution understand that energy-dependent RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions must be linked from the physiology of reproduction to chromosomal rearrangements that biophysically constrain viral latency. If you can place your claim about selenium into the context of protection of all life on Earth from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA, we could discuss your claim. What is it?

John Hewitt wrote:

Sky Daddy likes cranberries so much he gave them sequence-level machinery for producing selenocysteine in their mitochondrial genome

I could not get  him to make sense. I wrote:

This is the type of cryptic sarcastic claim that kills people. Thousands  of them. Quit playing your silly games. Who are you calling “Sky  Daddy?”  Sequence-level molecular machinery does not exist outside the context of the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy. 

For comparison, Roger M. Pearlman wrote:

name one person you know that can explain Neo-Darwinian Theory (NDT) so it adds up, and how you know it adds up otherwise don’t knock the NDT adherents here as they are equally inept at making NDT add up as are the leading NDT scientists

How can anyone who wants to discuss NDT not know about this published work from 1973? Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution

… the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.

The differences in the amino acid sequences are Koonin’s proof of evolution. See: A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution

Amino acid composition of proteins varies substantially between taxa and, thus, can evolve.

If the differences in the amino acid sequences are energy-dependent and RNA-mediated, NDT is the most ridiculous example of pseudoscientific nonsense that has every been touted by people who claim to be more intelligent than their primate ancestors.

Proof of that fact was published as: Modern diversification of the amino acid repertoire driven by oxygen

..we demonstrate an immediate survival benefit conferred by the enhanced redox reactivity of the modern amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan in oxidatively stressed cells. Our data indicate that in demanding building blocks with more versatile redox chemistry, biospheric molecular oxygen triggered the selective fixation of the last amino acids in the genetic code. Thus, functional rather than structural amino acid properties were decisive during the finalization of the universal genetic code.

Selective fixation of amino acid substitutions in organized genomes is energy-dependent and controlled by the physiology of reproduction.

That fact was reported as: Quantum Chemistry Solves The Question of Why Life Needs So Many Amino Acids 

If you were representing the amino acids as circles, they could be drawn as multiple concentric circles representing differing energy levels, rather than one single circle of the same chemical hardness and energy level – kind of like in the photo below.

Few people would make the connection from the amino acids as circles representing different energy levels to the claim that de Vries (1902) made when he invented the term mutation.

See:  What is Life? (1944)

But about forty years ago the Dutchman de Vries discovered that in the offspring even of thoroughly pure-bred stocks, a very small number of individuals, say two or three in tens of thousands, turn up with small but ‘jump-like’ changes, the expression ‘jump-like’ not meaning that the change is so very considerable, but that there is a discontinuity inasmuch as there are no intermediate forms between the unchanged and the few changed. De Vries called that a mutation. The significant fact is the discontinuity. It reminds a physicist of quantum theory -no intermediate energies occurring between two neighbouring energy levels. He would be inclined to call de Vries’s mutation theory, figuratively, the quantum theory of biology. We shall see later that this is much more than figurative. The mutations are actually due to quantum jumps in the gene molecule. But quantum theory was but two years old when de Vries first published his discovery, in 1902. Small wonder that it took another generation to discover the intimate connection!

It has been 75 years since Erwin Schrödinger exposed the pseudoscientific nonsense of mutation-driven evolution in the lecture series that was published as What is Life? (1944)

In the 1991 reprint edition, a forward by Roger Penrose who has co-authored with George F.R. Ellis, Stephen Hawking, Stuart Hameroff and others wrote:

How often do we still hear that quantum effects can have little relevance in the study of biology, or even that we eat food in order to gain energy?

It is worth repeating the claim the food energy is required to link quantum physics from quantum chemistry to quantum biology and quantum souls until all pseudoscientists lean the difference between a mutation and an amino acid substitution. Until then, the mental health problem at the highest level will be maintained at the highest level by the highest level of human idiocy every known to have eliminated common sense from consideration in the context of biologically based cause and effect.

For example, Darwin’s claims were based on “conditions of life” that required all organisms to find food and reproduce. Nothing was known about mutations, and even then Darwin could not possibly have been foolish enough to put them first in the context of natural selection for mutation-driven pathology.

See also: Analysis of experience-regulated transcriptome and imprintome during critical periods of mouse visual system development reveals spatiotemporal dynamics

Visual system development is light-experience dependent, which strongly implicates epigenetic mechanisms in light-regulated maturation. Among many epigenetic processes, genomic imprinting is an epigenetic mechanism….

…through which monoallelic gene expression occurs in a parent-of-origin-specific manner.

See: An Epigenetic Signature for Monoallelic Olfactory Receptor Expression
This explains why John Hewitt claims I’m providing BS. He is a biologically uninformed science journalist who does not understand the facts about light energy-dependent changes in organized genomes.
Any journalist who publishes anything like The vibrational theory of olfaction for the win should prepare to defend his claims in the context of serious scientists who know how energy must be linked to the vibrations and how the vibrations link quantum physics from quantum chemistry to quantum souls via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions.

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

The MicroRNAome Strikes Back: A Sokalian hoax (2)

The problem with -omics has repeatedly been detailed in articles from social scientists and other theorists who fail to link what is known to serious scientists about the microRNAome to their theories. Pseudoscientists continue to create bricks that clutter the metaphorical physical landscape and prevent the epigenetic landscape from being linked from the physiology of nutrient energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction to all cell type differentiation via energy-dependent changes in atoms to ecosystems in all living genera.
On 1/22/18, I discussed this with a plumber and his assistant, who is –like me– a veteran of the US Military. The plumber, prefaced the discussion with a comment about adaptations for comparison to evolution. The veteran provided supportive comments from his expertise in history, which he hopes will not repeat itself in the context of the 1918 Spanish flu, smallpox, or the bubonic plague.
I learned the value of social science because he believes that vultures put an end to the bubonic plague in the context of their unique ability to thermoregulate their organized genome by spreading their wings to create what most people would refer to as a virus-killing fever. I may not be so critical of other social scientists after meeting one that was not biologically uninformed.
There may be others, but I doubt it.
See: Evidence for convergent evolution of SINE-directed Staufen-mediated mRNA decay

We identified and confirmed orthologous gene pairs with 3′-UTR SINEs that independently function in SMD control of myoblast metabolism. Expanding to other species, we demonstrated that SINE-directed SMD likely emerged in both primate and rodent lineages >20-25 million years ago. Our work reveals a mechanism for the convergent evolution of posttranscriptional gene regulatory networks in mammals by species-specific SINE transposition and SMD.

No mechanism for convergent evolution was revealed. All posttranscriptional gene regulatory networks require the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs that biophysically constrain viral latency. That fact was not mentioned.
See for comparison: microRNA  
For example: Genetic polymorphism in Hsp90AA1 gene is associated with the thermotolerance in Chinese Holstein cows

…one SNP in the promoter, three SNPs in the coding region, and one in 3′-UTR were novel and reported for the first time in this study.

[…]The expression of Hsp90AA1 in cow bearing mutant allele C was higher (4.18 +/- 0.928) than cows bearing wild-type allele G (1.008 +/- 0.0.129) in stress season. In summary, there was an association between genetic variations in the Hsp90AA1 and thermoresistance. This association could be used as a marker in genetic selection for heat tolerance in Chinese Holstein cattle breeds.

There is no such thing as genetic selection for heat tolerance. The limits of food energy-dependent thermotolerance are biophysically constrained in the context of food energy that biophysically constrains viral latency,which typically limits or prevents activation of the death gene.
Preventing activation of the death gene was reported as: Study finds convergent evolution of gene regulation in humans and mice January 18, 2018

Organisms that aren’t closely related may evolve similar traits as they adapt to similar challenges. It’s called convergent evolution, and familiar examples include the wings of birds, bats, and insects, and echolocation in bats and dolphins. Now, molecular biologists have found evidence of convergent evolution in an important mechanism of gene regulation in humans and mice.

Serious scientists do not call ecological adaptation convergent evolution, and serious scientists do not claim to discover important mechanisms of gene regulation. All the mechanisms are biophysically constrained by ecological variation in the availability of food and the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from mice to humans (and from microbes to humans).
But see for comparison: A simple explanation of Born’s rule

…the agreement between quantum theory and experiments follows from a one-to-one correspondence between the logical possibilities and the physical possibilities and, in particular, implies that the outcomes of quantum measurements are not constrained by any physical reason.

Thanks to so-called science journalist Philip C. Ball for calling this to my attention. In my first blog post about Nonomura’s Sokalian hoax, I mentioned Frohlich (1968). Long-range coherence and energy storage in biological systems. I do not expect pseudoscientists or so-called science journalists to accept the facts about constrained energy storage. The facts are neo-Darwinian theory killers.  Once again, the theorists have a problem understanding how the creation of energy must be linked from energy storage to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity.
Nonomura’s hoax links the energy-dependent epigenetic silencing of transposable elements to the central events of germline transmission via the creation of sunlight, the creation of ATP, and the creation of microRNAs. The light energy-dependent creation of microRNAS must be linked to RNA-mediated DNA repair and to the relatively error-free genome of the next generation via the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction that biophysically constrains viral latency.
Unanswered questions about viral latency and transcriptional quiescence (aka gene silencing), which is a hallmark of the biophysically constrained germ cell lineage in many organisms, are the clear link to my claim that Nonomura has published a Sokalian hoax as Small RNA pathways responsible for non-cell-autonomous regulation of plant reproduction — as a peer-reviewed monograph.
The unanswered questions allow biologically uninformed peers to accept the claims of non-cell-autonomous regulation as if they could be part of an evolutionary approach to energy-dependent reproduction. For comparison, the first question a serious scientist would ask is about how non-cell-autonomous pathways compensate for ecological variation, which must be linked to energy-dependent ecological adaptation via the availability of some nutrients, materials and signals. Most serious scientists will realize that non-cell-autonomous pathways link sunlight to the activation of endogenous substrates (e.g., enzymes) that are created in the context of what happens when the speed of light hits water.
See: Common origins of RNA, protein and lipid precursors in a cyanosulfidic protometabolism
Reported as: … the conditions that produce nucleic acid precursors also create the starting materials needed to make natural amino acids and lipids. That suggests a single set of [light activated] reactions could have given rise to most of life’s building blocks simultaneously.
I noticed that this pinned post now appears first @rnomics:

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life (2014)

This was a report on Non‐enzymatic glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway‐like reactions in a plausible Archean ocean
Fabrice Leclerc @rnomics seems to be ignoring the retractions of Jack Szostak’s works. See: Retraction Watch
Researchers who study the origins of life on Earth have hypothesized that RNA evolved before DNA or proteins. Szostak’s works seemed to suggest that RNA replicated itself without enzymes. Supposedly, a certain type of peptide — which may have existed in our early history — made it possible for RNA to copy itself. But where did the peptide come from?
Who cares? In subsequent experiments, no one reproduced the 2016 findings. Indeed, the peptide did not appear to provide an environment that fostered RNA replication. With two retraction of his groups works, claims about the microRNAome should have been placed into the context the energy-dependent creation microRNAs and enzymes.
The problem that serious scientists expect to be addressed is the one that links the nutrient-energy dependent source of the materials for developing germ cells to the development of differentiated cell typed in the context of metabolism and signaling. Again, we see how Nonomura helps to eliminate the magic of evolution without admitting to the hoax. Light energy is required, and he did not mention that fact.
For comparison, science journalist Philip Ball took the the magic several steps further. He placed the availability of the quantized energy as information, which is required for the creation of nutrients, into this context:

To turn quantum to classical, we don’t need a conscious mind to measure or look; we just need an environment full of stuff. With or without us, the Universe is always looking.

Nonomura claims that little is known about the mechanism that promotes the energy-dependent intercellular movement of small RNAs in plant reproductive organs. But, he also claims that the mechanism in humans is part of an energy-dependent exosome-mediated system, which was recently reported in the context of small RNA transfer in organ cross-talk. Philip C. Ball’s claims are based on the automagical creation of an environment full of stuff.
The link from the availability of nutrient-energy in pollen (i.e., Ball’s environment full of stuff) to energy-dependent foraging behavior and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in the honeybee model organism is missing. Nonomura’s conclusion is another example of Sokal-like wit. The cell membrane must automagically create itself before direct evidence for energy-dependent microRNA-mediated cell type differentiation can be linked to healthy longevity in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction in grasses like fescue.
The energy source for the transfer of materials or information between SCs [somatic cells] and the vegetative cell (VC) nucleus in not mentioned in Nonomura’s attack on the intelligence of theorists and science journalists who have failed to link the virus-driven theft of quantized energy from mutations to the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of all pathology.
For comparison: My top tweet from this month was posted on January 5, 2018. So far it has accumulated 1484 impressions. In case you missed it:
A cartoon representation of “Long-range coherence and energy storage in biological systems” (1968) might help others establish facts about how the construction of the cell membrane protects against virus-driven genomic entropy.
A comic about the problems with the -omics, illustrated by Matteo Farinella
The problem with -omics, and especially with the ridiculous representation from 2014 as a pinned post @rnomics, has repeatedly been detailed in articles from social scientists and other theorists who fail to link what is known to serious scientists about the microRNAome to their theories. Pseudoscientists and biologically uninformed science journalists continue to create bricks that clutter the metaphorical physical landscape (an environment full of stuff) and human idiocy prevents the epigenetic landscape from being linked to all cell type differentiation via the nutrient energy-dependent pheromone-controlled links from atoms to ecosystems in all living genera.
The MicroRNAome Strikes Back: A Sokalian hoax (3)
See also: The Postmodernism Generator web page (generates a random postmodernist article each time loaded)
See also: Social science is pseudoscience
 

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

Two retractions of human idiocy

Excerpt: …she was interested in the PNAS research because it identified a potential inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus…

”Definitely embarrassing:” Nobel Laureate retracts non-reproducible paper in Nature journal

1)

This retraction marks the second in six months for Nature Chemistry after having none for eight years.

2)

In 2009, Szostak also retracted a 2008 paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences after an outside researcher could not replicate the results. The retraction notice credited Katherine Berry, then a doctoral student at the University of California, Berkeley, for bringing the issues to their attention. (Full disclosure: RW’s Victoria Stern and Berry were roommates freshman year of college).

Berry, who’s now an assistant professor of biochemistry at Mount Holyoke in South Hadley, Mass., told us that she was interested in the PNAS research because it identified a potential inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus…

Comment awaiting moderation

James V. Kohl December 7, 2017 at 4:35 am

The Science Behind the Game “Cytosis,” pits the collaborative efforts of 20 serious scientists against the pseudoscientific nonsense touted by theorists. The serious scientists know how energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation occurs.

Resources (e.g., mRNA, ATP) are used to build enzymes, hormones, and/or receptors. Health points accumulate to show why food energy must be linked from the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction to biophysically constrained viral latency.

For comparison, Szostak and other theorists have been stuck with their ridiculous misrepresentations of emergence and neo-Darwinian evolution, which failed to consider Darwin’s “conditions of life.”

“Conditions of life” are energy-dependent. The energy is Schrodinger’s anti-entropic virucidal energy. It comes from sunlight and is epigenetically “trapped” in food via the physiology of reproduction.

Board Game:
Cytosis: A Cell Biology Game
Title:
Cytosis – The Science Behind the Game https://boardgamegeek.com/filepage/155090/cytosis-science-behind-game

Addendum: Naturally occurring base editing, microRNA editing, and RNA editing link the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs from natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality to the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction, which biophysically constrains viral latency. Constraint breaking mutations have been linked to all pathology. The misrepresentations of Szostak and others like him have contributed to a history of unnecessary suffering and premature death. Richard Feynman helped to place their claims into this perspective:

 

 

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

Light activated error-free DNA repair (3)

The vibrational theory of olfaction for the win

…he and his co-authors delve into more of the specifics of olfactory receptors, including particular amino acid motifs, metal binding capacities, and disulphide bridge redox status. It turns out that amino acid side chains alone frequently pull off some rather interesting electron transfer effects without the need for fancy co-enzymes or prosthetic groups.

See for an example of what one enzyme can do:

Energy-dependent pumping in cytoplasm

High magnification of the slime mold Physarum polycephalum shows the cytoplasm pumping furiously through its huge single cell.

See also this example of how the energy-dependent creation of one enzyme can biophysically constrained viral latency
An example of biophysically constrained viral latency

This cytoplasmic streaming allows the slime mold to push forward toward nutrients and potentially carpet a surface.

For the logical extension of what is known to all serious scientists about how to link the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to the creation of different enzymes and from quantum physics to quantum souls, see:

…to believe that you are, right now, thinking with anything other than a hive of independently living neurons is naive in the extreme…” — Robert Karl Stonjek

To believe that Robert Karl Stonjek does not understand the fact that every aspect of neo-Darwinian evolution has been refuted in its entirety by this model, makes you an example of human idiocy.

Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model

The honeybee model organism exemplifies what has been learned from the study of invertebrates (De Loof, Lindemans, Liu, De Groef, & Schoofs, ). This includes what has been learned about the epigenetic effects of nutrients and pheromones on juvenile hormone (JH). However, the molecular biology of cause and effect that is common to all species was left behind, and the epigenetic effects of human pheromones have not typically been considered in the same context as epigenetic effects of food odors and insect pheromones or the epigenetic effects of pheromones on other mammals.

To believe that Jay R. Feierman is not an example of human idiocy makes you an example of human idiocy.
On 11/20/17, Feierman wrote:
Science is about predicting, not post hoc explaining except under the conditions stated above.
I agree. That’s why this claim stands out as an example of pseudoscience.
Amino acid composition of proteins varies substantially between taxa and, thus, can evolve. –Jordan et al., (2005) A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution
The pervasive nature of pseudoscientific nonsense probably led to this claim:
7/25/13
Jay R. Feierman: Variation is not nutrient availability and the something that is doing the selecting is not the individual organism. A feature of an educated person is to realize what they do not know. Sadly, you don’t know that you have an incorrect understanding [of] Darwinian biological evolution.

See also: Published on 19 Nov 2017

Excess alcohol caused a flare-up of diverticulitis that led to several days of hospitalization in ICU. The patient was the only person who ever asked me: “What is an amino acid?”
 
He learned from a horrid, almost deadly, experience that the energy-dependent creation of base pairs and the pheromone-controlled fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions protect all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA.
 
He learned enough to practice the concept of “everything in moderation”. He does not need to learn anything else about the links from mutations to all pathology in species from microbes to humans. But, he is back in the hospital for surgery to remove the part of his colon that is most inflamed (the part that contains the most bacteriophages (viruses in bacteria) that almost killed him.
 
Thank God, He’s alive!

 

Redox sensing controls DNA replication!

Schrodinger's answer to Schrodinger's question

There is no such thing as de novo control of electrons or self-assembly.

Answering Schrödinger’s question: A free-energy formulation

The free-energy principle (FEP) is a formal model of neuronal processes that is widely recognised in neuroscience as a unifying theory of the brain and biobehaviour. More recently, however, it has been extended beyond the brain to explain the dynamics of living systems, and their unique capacity to avoid decay.

They don’t understand the question that Schrodinger answered. He linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight to the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction via what organisms eat. What they eat protects them from the virus-driven degradation of their messenger RNA. What they eat links food energy-dependent changes in base pairs from microRNA editing to RNA editing and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in organized genomes of all individuals of all living genera.

Schrodinger answered this question: What is life when it is not protected from virus driven entropy? (video 6:37) Published on 30 Mar 2016

Abstract:

The anti-entropic force of virucidal ultraviolet light links guanine–cytosine (G⋅C) Watson–Crick base pairing from hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution to supercoiled DNA, which protects the organized genomes of all living genera from virus-driven entropy. For example, protection of DNA from permanent UV damage occurs in the context of photosynthesis and nutrient-dependent RNA-directed DNA methylation, which links RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions to DNA repair. In the context of thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation, DNA repair enables the de novo creation of G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Olfactory receptor genes are GPCRs. The de novo creation of olfactory receptor genes links chemotaxis and phototaxis from foraging behavior to social behavior in species from microbes to humans. Foraging behavior links ecological variation to ecological adaptation in the context of this atoms to ecosystems model of biophysically constrained energy-dependent RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Protein folding chemistry links nutrient-dependent microRNAs from microRNA flanking sequences to energy transfer and cell type differentiation in the context of adhesion proteins, and supercoiled DNA that protects all organized genomes from virus-driven entropy.

Life that is not protected from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA links the reduced number of food energy-dependent microRNAs to activation of the death gene. See for example:

Reduced expression of brain-enriched microRNAs in glioblastomas permits targeted regulation of a cell death gene 

The natural contribution of food energy is linked to the endogenous level of microRNA expression seen in neuronal cells in the context of limited cell death compared control glioblastoma cells. That fact was linked to the treatment of brain cancers.

For a review of how food energy-dependent microRNAs protect the organized genomes of all living genera from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA that links mutations to all pathology, see:

A Concise Review of MicroRNA Exploring the Insights of MicroRNA Regulations in Bacterial, Viral and Metabolic Diseases

For a example of how human idiocy has prevented the effective treatment of all pathology, see also:

Neuropathological and transcriptomic characteristics of the aged brain

Reported as: Researchers reveal new details on aged brain, Alzheimer’s and dementia

One factor that is not always taken into account when studying gene expression in the aged brain is the quality of the genetic material itself,” says Miller. “This variable is not necessarily related to any specific pathology or disease, but these results highlight the importance of properly controlling for RNA quality when studying the aged brain and indicate that degradation of genetic material may be an underappreciated feature of neurodegeneration or dementia.

 Re: degradation of genetic material may be an underappreciated feature of neurodegeneration or dementia.

See: Cytosis

A board game taking place inside a human cell! Players compete to build enzymes, hormones and receptors and fend off attacking Viruses!

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

A null mutation and healthy longevity?

Summary: Food odors and pheromones biophysically constrain all pathology in species from microbes to humans. What kind of biologically uninformed science idiot leaves out everything known to serious scientists about the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA and tells others they must falsify the neutral null theory that led to claims about a biophysically constrained beneficial “null mutation” in the Amish population of Berne, Indiana?
Glutamylation Regulates Transport, Specializes Function, and Sculpts the Structure of Cilia
Reported as: How to Control Traffic on Cellular Highways

Intracellular and extracellular traffic control

Reported in: How to control traffic on cellular highways http://neurosciencenews.com/enzyme-transportation-7915/

See for comparison: A null mutation in SERPINE1 protects against biological aging in humans
Reported as: Amish gene can make them live 10 years longer and avoid diabetes

A gene variant that arose decades ago in an Amish group…

All gene variants are quantized energy-dependent and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction protects all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA. The degradation of messenger RNA links mutations to all pathology. Any claim that “a gene variant arose” is a claim made by a biologically uninformed science idiot. Gene variants in humans are biophysically constrained by the availability of food energy. Other humans may not know that.
Watch and listen to Richard P. Feynman presciently claim that the “null mutation” theory of healthy longevity is an example of “human idiocy.”

Help others to find any experimental evidence that suggests a “null mutation” can be beneficial and/or protect them from biological aging. See for alternative representations of biologically-based facts: Best matches for “null mutation“: and others.
If you cannot find experimental evidence of a beneficial “null mutation” see: Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory They inadvertently linked quantum physics from consciousness to quantum souls.
Reported as: Anesthesia Points to Deeper Level ‘Quantum Channels’ as Origins of Consciousness subtitle “Electron resonance pervades the brain”

“Using molecular modeling, the US-Canadian team of Travis Craddock, Stuart Hameroff and Jack Tuszynski had previously shown anesthetic binding in ‘quantum channels’, non-polar arrays of amino acid pi resonance clouds, winding through microtubules.”

See also: The vibrational theory of olfaction for the win

The same kinds of amino acid substitutions that control the separations and interactions of side chains in fluorescent proteins also play an essential role in tuning the proposed mechanism for vibration detection—inelastic electron tunneling. Life literally runs on electron tunneling through the respiratory chain complexes in mitochondria.

For comparison, see the conclusion to: Quantized Energy Links Olfaction from Angstroms to Ecosystems Part 2
Beneficial “null mutations” can now be placed into the context of the creation of a universe that — with or without us — is always watching, like Santa Claus.
For a historical perspective on that pseudoscientific nonsense, see:
Splendor and misery of adaptation, or the importance of neutral null for understanding evolution

To claim adaptation, the neutral null has to be falsified.

A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution

Amino acid composition of proteins varies substantially between taxa and, thus, can evolve.

The entire evolution of the microbial world and the virus world, and the interaction between microbes and viruses and other life forms have been left out of the Modern Synthesis… — Eugene Koonin
What kind of biologically uninformed science idiot leaves out everything known to serious scientists about the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA and tells others they must falsify the neutral null theory that led to claims about a biophysically constrained beneficial “null mutation” in the Amish population of Berne, Indiana?
Food odors and pheromones biophysically constrain all pathology in species from microbes to humans.
See for comparison: Chemosignals from isolated females have antimutagenic effect in dividing the cells of bone marrow from male mice of the CBA strain

…specific, volatile, and zoosocial important chemosignals are a promising approach both to modeling posttraumatic stress disorders in humans [36] and to searching for mehods of their treatment.

Humans also have various pheromone-induced physiological effects, especially those associated with reproduction [46, 47]. This suggests that the human olfactory system is still an effective pathway for influencing environmental factors on the human nervous
system.

[46] is Kohl, J.V., Atzmueller, M., Fink, B., and Grammer, K., Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, Neuroendocrinol. Lett., 2001, vol. 22, pp. 309–321.
See also: Cytogenetic approaches for determining ecological stress in aquatic and terrestrial biosystems

The assessment of genomes’ integrity plays the key role in the studies of mutagenicity in a polluted environment. We present a step-by-step recommendations for the analysis of the cytogenetic data and discuss the prospects of applying genetic tests for ecological monitoring, based on the example of analysis using crustacean species.

I suspect that the manufacturer of my human pheromone-enhanced fragrance products asked to speak with me next week due to the all-to-obvious link from human pheromones to biophysically constrained viral latency and the prevention of all pathology, which was detailed in the context of the creation of sunlight, which was subsequently linked from the creation of ATP to the creation of RNA.
Pheromones and the luteinizing hormone for inducing proliferation of neural stem cells and neurogenesis
The last time I spoke with him, he asked how to monetize the facts. Bergdhal’s pathology may have prompted renewed interest. Attempts to discuss that fact with other veterans have failed. I think that some of them would rather see him crucified rather than link the energy-dependent weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum in P. fluorescens to the the energy-dependent Resurrection of Christ.
Bergdhal’s pathology can also be placed into the context of the problematic transitions from adolescence to adulthood that are altered by fixation of one energy-dependent RNA-mediated amino acid substitution.
See: Oppositional COMT Val158Met effects on resting state functional connectivity in adolescents and adults
The A or Met allele is associated with lower enzymatic activity and the polymorphism is associated with many different personality traits. The USAF is leading the way forward towards effective treatment of mental disorders in veterans, which is something the psychiatrists who evaluated Bergdhal know about.  See for instance: US Air Force Studying Impact of Exome Sequencing in Routine Care
 

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

A mental health problem at the highest level

Investigators look for clues in deadly church shooting – news – att.net

…the result of a “mental health problem at the highest level.”
The mental health problem is caused by the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA, and by the ignorance of theorists who claim that mutations cause evolution. The theorists may not be intelligent enough to play the cell biology game “Cytosis.” Alternatively, they may simply refuse to learn how to link the creation of anti-entropic virucidal sunlight to ATP and the creation of ATP to the creation of biophysically constrained RNA.
 
Perhaps theorists do not want to play the game that puts an end to their word games. Learning how to win the game “Cytosis” teaches you how to protect yourself from viruses, and “…a mental health problem at the highest level.”
 
Cytosis: A Cell Biology Board Game  “A board game taking place inside a human cell! Players compete to build enzymes, hormones and receptors and fend off attacking Viruses!”

For comparison, see: The synthesis of RNA in isolated thymus nuclei is ATP dependent. McEwen et al., (1964)

and: Jay R. Feierman (2013) Variation is not nutrient availability and the something that is doing the selecting is not the individual organism. A feature of an educated person is to realize what they do not know. Sadly, you don’t know that you have an incorrect understanding [of] Darwinian biological evolution.

Feierman exemplifies “…a mental health problem at the highest level.”

Feynman put the mental health problem into the context of food energy and human idiocy.

Cytosis

Loss of energy as information (1)

Summary: Koonin claims that the theories of population geneticists have replaced what he calls the just-so stories of adaptationists with testable predictions. He claims that serious scientists should attempt to falsify the ridiculous theories touted by people like him, so that the ongoing use of ridiculous mathematical models can improve our understanding of evolution.
I think Koonin may be attempting to address the concerns brought forward after another biologically uninformed science idiot claimed that my refutation of neo-Darwinian pseudoscientific nonsense was “…an unsupported challenge to modern evolutionary theory and misrepresentations of established scientific terms and others’ research.”
See for comparison: In modern discourse, …[Bonini’s] paradox was articulated by John M. Dutton and William H. Starbuck[2]

“As a model of a complex system becomes more complete, it becomes less understandable. Alternatively, as a model grows more realistic, it also becomes just as difficult to understand as the real-world processes it represents” (Computer Simulation of Human Behaviour, 1971).

The difficulty of understanding “real-world” processes has since been placed into the context of:  Building Blocks of Life May Have Formed in Water Droplets
From the journal article: Abiotic production of sugar phosphates and uridine ribonucleoside in aqueous microdroplets

…we show that sugar phosphates and a ribonucleoside form spontaneously in microdroplets, without enzymes or an external energy source.

My comment to The Scientist:

Something seems to be missing from what others may believe about the anti-entropic virucidal energy-dependent creation of life.

See for instance: Dependence of RNA synthesis in isolated thymus nuclei on glycolysis, oxidative carbohydrate catabolism and a type of “oxidative phosphorylation” (1964)

The synthesis of RNA in isolated thymus nuclei is ATP dependent.

That suggests there is no such thing as “abiotic production.” It is more likely that Schrodinger (1944) was correct:

Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded, however, for plants can still make use of it. (These, of course, have their most power supply of ‘negative entropy’ the sunlight.) (pp. 73 and 74)

See also: Olfaction Warps Visual Time Perception

The authors linked the quantized energy-dependent creation of the sense of smell in bacteria from the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction to all biophysically constrained biodiversity in the context of the space-time continuum and our visual perception of energy and mass.

See also: October 18, 2017 Complex evolutionary footprints revealed in an analysis of reused protein segments of diverse lengths
Excerpt:

…our results unequivocally show that duplication of protein segments happens both above and below the domain level among amino acid segments of diverse lengths. Indeed, we show that significant evolutionary information is lost when the protein is approached as a string of domains.

Duplication of protein segments is energy-dependent.
Concluding sentence:

“…the principles presented here and the computational pipeline could facilitate the detection of such peptides. Relating themes to biological functions, such as binding of ligands, nucleic acids, and proteins, may also facilitate this effort, offering a perspective on the evolution of protein function.”

Protein function is energy-dependent. No experimental evidence of biophysically constrained biologically-based cause and effect suggests that protein function “evolved” outside the context of what is known about the sun’s energy. The detection of all energy-dependent links from electrons to ecosystems via peptides has shown that the functional structure of supercoiled DNA is RNA-mediated and biophysically constrained by the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

The physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction biophysically constrains the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA that serious scientists have linked from mutations to all pathology.

See: [Pheromonal regulation of genetic processes: research on the house mouse (Mus musculus L.)]

For a perspective on the coevolution of protein function and speciation during the past 6000 years, see: Genome divergence and diversification within a geographic mosaic of coevolution
 
Our results further characterize a striking example of coevolution driving speciation within perhaps as little as 6000 years.
 

Did coevolution (aka ecological adaptation, aka evolutionary adaptation) drive all speciation during the past 6000 years? If so, what drove adaptive evolution?

See: January 10, 2013 Analysis of 6,515 exomes reveals the recent origin of most human protein-coding variants

We estimate that approximately 73% of all protein-coding SNVs and approximately 86% of SNVs predicted to be deleterious arose in the past 5,000–10,000 years. The average age of deleterious SNVs varied significantly across molecular pathways, and disease genes contained a significantly higher proportion of recently arisen deleterious SNVs than other genes.

If protein function “evolved,” what limited the number of deleterious mutations that arose in the past 5,000–10,000 years?

For the most likely answer, see: Base-pair opening dynamics of the microRNA precursor pri-miR156a affect temperature-responsive flowering in Arabidopsis

If the base-pair openings and closings of dynamic microRNA precursor pri-miR156a processing can be linked to all energy-dependent healthy longevity during the past 6,000 years via the physiology of reproduction in plants, will cryo-EM imaging reveal the overwhelming amount of pseudoscientific nonsense touted by neo-Darwinian theorists and other biologically uninformed science idiots?

See also: Cryo-EM imaging suggests how the double helix separates during replication

Replication is food energy-dependent, and current technology now attests to the comment Richard Feynman made about “human idiocy.”

INFORM YOURSELF