Watering Young Plant - Vintage Effect

A single base change refutes theistic evolution

Everyone who failed to learn how light-activated endogenous substrates biophysically constrain viral latency is playing “catch up” to serious scientists. The serious scientists know how quantized energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation occurs in the context of the physiology of reproduction in all living genera. Rather than accept the fact that the innate immune system of bacteria (CRISPR) linked the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction from autophagy to biophysically constrained viral latency, theorists decided to waste money on virus-assisted gene-editing attempts to repair virus-damaged DNA.

Mammoth Biosciences launches a CRISPR-powered search engine for disease detection

Jennifer Doudna, George Church and many others still refuse to admit that they have refuted theistic evolution. They are just beginning to accurately portray the how detection of changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance links virus-driven energy theft to the degradation of messenger RNA. Clearly, however, they know how the degradation of messenger RNA is linked to all pathology.

Had they followed the works of Christ et al. (2013), The Pharmacology of Regenerative Medicine and Christ et al., (2018) Western Diet Triggers NLRP3-Dependent Innate Immune Reprogramming, they could intelligently interact with those who are scheduled to present during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018.

(Nick Lane excepted.) He appears to be a biologically uninformed theorist who does not realize that Fast food makes the immune system more aggressive in the long term

Unhealthy eating causes some of these normally hidden pieces of DNA to unwind, similar to a loop hanging out of a ball of wool. This area of the genetic material can then be read much easier as long as this temporary unwrapping remains active. Scientists call these phenomena epigenetic changes. “The inflammasome triggers such epigenetic changes,” explains Dr. Latz. “The immune system consequently reacts even to small stimuli with stronger inflammatory responses.”

The immune system reacts to the proliferation of viruses. The viruses cause the inflammation, which has been linked to all pathology in more than 72,500 published works. See microRNA.

See also: Field-deployable viral diagnostics using CRISPR-Cas13

…the Cas13-based SHERLOCK (specific high-sensitivity enzymatic reporter unlocking) platform can detect Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) in patient samples at concentrations as low as 1 copy per microliter. We developed HUDSON (heating unextracted diagnostic samples to obliterate nucleases), a protocol that pairs with SHERLOCK for viral detection directly from bodily fluids, enabling instrument-free DENV detection directly from patient samples in <2 hours. We further demonstrate that SHERLOCK can distinguish the four DENV serotypes, as well as region-specific strains of ZIKV from the 2015–2016 pandemic. Finally, we report the rapid (<1 week) design and testing of instrument-free assays to detect clinically relevant viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms.

Pardis C. Sabeti’s group already linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight from the creation of enzymes to natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality via the pheromone-controlled stability of organized genomes in a human population in what is now Central China.
See this report from 2013 on fixation of the EDAR V370A substitution.
Following the footprints of positive selection February 15th, 2013.
For comparison to positive selection for food and fixation of the EDAR V370A amino acid substitution, the pseudoscientific nonsense about evolution touted by Pardis C. Sabeti’s group appears in this YouTube video report: 2 Cell Studies Reveal Genetic Variation Driving Human Evolution
In the mouse model of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations, they replaced the valine normally found in mouse EDAR with the alanine that’s under selection in humans. They got mice with thicker hair, changes in mammary tissue, and and increased  number of eccrine sweat glands. Those changes parallel phenotypic changes in humans. The phenotypic changes in humans link the quantized energy-dependent creation of microRNAs to biophysically constrained viral latency in all living genera.
In humans, the changes are linked to visual perception of mass and energy and the perception of physical features that are sexually selected.
See: Olfaction Warps Visual Time Perception
A single base change results in the valine to alanine substitution, which changes the ancient mammalian gene EDAR and the EDAR encoded protein.
That fact was reported in the context of links from subatomic particles and all levels of biophysically constrained viral latency and biological organization in my 2014 invited review of nutritional epigenetics.
See: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems (unpublished)
Conclusion:

The ecological adaptations, which appear to be manifested in the human population are detailed in these two reports [162-163]. The ecological adaptations are likely to be nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled. If so, ecological variation probably leads to ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction, which is manifested in increasing organismal complexity and species diversity. If not, there may be something as yet unknown about mutations and evolution that makes sense in the light of what is known about nutritional epigenetics and the molecular biology of species from microbes to man

162. Kamberov, Yana G.; Wang, S.; Tan, J.; Gerbault, P.; Wark, A.; Tan, L.; Yang, Y.; Li, S.; Tang, K.; Chen, H., et al., Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant. Cell 2013, 152 (4), 691-702. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.01.016
163. Grossman, Sharon R.; Andersen, Kristian G.; Shlyakhter, I.; Tabrizi, S.; Winnicki, S.; Yen, A.; Park, Daniel J.; Griesemer, D.; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Wong, Sunny H., et al., Identifying Recent Adaptations in Large-Scale Genomic Data. Cell 2013, 152 (4), 703-713. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.01.035
See also:
161. Rosenberg, S. M.; Queitsch, C., Combating Evolution to Fight Disease. Science 2014, 343 (6175), 1088-1089. doi: 10.1126/science.1247472
Kalevi Kull: Censorship & Royal Society Evo Event

Nobody wants to belong to the party of losers. One of the best strategies in such a case is evidently an interpretation of the change as a gradual accumulation of knowledge while their work has always been at the cutting edge. — Kalevi Kull

Serious scientists from South Korea are the winners. Two recent publications forced the denuclearization of North Korea.
Emergence of Human G2P[4] Rotaviruses in the Post-vaccination Era in South Korea: Footprints of Multiple Interspecies Re-assortment Events

Compared to the G2 RotaTeq vaccine strain, 17-24 amino acid changes, specifically A87T, D96N, S213D, and S242N substitutions in G2 epitopes, were observed. These results suggest that multiple interspecies re-assortment events might have contributed to the emergence of G2P[4] rotaviruses in the post-vaccination era in South Korea.

A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses

When analyzed using reverse-genetically rescued viruses, it was shown that PA K338R alone could increase the pathogenicity of both IBVs in mice and viral replication property in the respiratory tracts of ferrets. In a subsequent mini-replicon assay, the effect of PA K338R was highlighted by the enhancement of viral polymerase complex activity of both Vc_BR60 and Ym_WI01 viruses. These results suggest that the PA K338R mutation may be a molecular determinant of IBV pathogenicity via modulating the viral polymerase function of IBVs.

Mutations are known to be the molecular determinants of all pathology in species from microbes to humans. See:  Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor
Watch as Hashem Al-Ghaili puts everything known to serious scientists about the virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb back into the context of neo-Darwinian evolution.

See also: Study offers new approach to starve p53 deficient tumors

One major hallmark of cancer cells is their ability to adapt to stressful conditions such as nutrient deprivation. Rapidly growing tumor cells must compete for the ever-diminishing supply of nutrients in the surrounding environment to survive and proliferate. Targeting these adaptive mechanisms represents a promising approach for cancer therapeutics.

It’s a little late to claim that the virus-driven theft of quantized energy is linked from autophagy to adaptations in viruses. All serious scientists know that food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled biophysically constrained autophagy has been linked to viral latency and to ecological adaptations in all living genera. Intelligent people know that viruses have been linked to all pathology.
See also: From Istanbul, Turkey. Respect for all human life has been placed into the context of the energy-dependent de novo creation of microRNAs and the works of an Islamic creationist in Turkey.

Autophagy-Regulating microRNAs and Cancer
Cancer researchers in other countries clearly are approaching the cure for all pathology from a scientific creationist perspective despite being forced to place their claims into the context of evolution to get their works past peer review.
The Trump administration has been working towards world peace with other leaders for more than a year. See for example:
May 3, 2017
LIVE: President Donald J. Trump and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas make a joint statement at the White House.
Who does not want World Peace? Why The End of the Korean War Is Bad News for the United States
Caption: Contemporary analyses of cell metabolism have called out three metabolites: ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA, as sentinel molecules whose accumulation represent much of the purpose of the catabolic arms of metabolism and then drive many anabolic pathways. Such analyses largely leave out how and why ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA (Figure 1) at the molecular level play such central roles. Yet, without those insights into why cells accumulate them and how the enabling properties of these key metabolites power much of cell metabolism, the underlying molecular logic remains mysterious. Four other metabolites, S-adenosylmethionine, carbamoyl phosphate, UDP-glucose, and Δ2-isopentenyl-PP play similar roles in using group transfer chemistry to drive otherwise unfavorable biosynthetic equilibria. This review provides the underlying chemical logic to remind how these seven key molecules function as mobile packets of cellular currencies for phosphoryl transfers (ATP), acyl transfers (acetyl-CoA, carbamoyl-P), methyl transfers (SAM), prenyl transfers (IPP), glucosyl transfers (UDP-glucose), and electron and ADP-ribosyl transfers (NAD(P)H/NAD(P)+) to drive metabolic transformations in and across most primary pathways. The eighth key metabolite is molecular oxygen (O2), thermodynamically activated for reduction by one electron path, leaving it kinetically stable to the vast majority of organic cellular metabolites

EDAR V370A and sympatric speciation

Nick Lane and others like him refuse to reappraise their human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma. All serious scientists know where the energy for recombination comes from. But, in his latest video clip, he touts the same unsubstantiated theoretical pseudoscientific nonsense.

See the: Aeon Video:

Life on earth – from mushrooms to humans and everything in between – seems enormously diverse. At the cellular level, however, almost all complex lifeforms are surprisingly similar. Why life is this way, though, remains mysterious. In this Aeon interview, the UK biochemist and author Nick Lane discusses his research on the connection between energy and genes, which, he hypothesises, made possible the radical transformation from single-celled organisms to complex life about 4 billion years ago.

See for comparison: Reappraising the human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma

I’ve asked the authors: Are you prepared to address the comments that you might receive from people like Nick Lane in the context of “peer review?” How will you respond to those who do not accept the fact that the creation of ATP synthase and the creation of ATP must be linked to the creation of RNA and biophysically constrained viral latency in the context of SNPs and fixation of amino acid substitutions? What can be done when biologically uninformed theorists continue to link anything except biophysically constrained viral latency to all biodiversity?

I ask because there are still too many examples of human idiocy that are being considered outside the context of facts about energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation.

See: Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant

See the claims about the selection of the EDAR variant placed back into the context of evolution.

Field-deployable viral diagnostics using CRISPR-Cas13

…we report the rapid (<1 week) design and testing of instrument-free assays to detect clinically relevant viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms.

The relevant energy-dependent single-nucleotide polymorphisms clearly protect all living genera from the clinically relevant viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms link the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA to all pathology via what is known to all serious scientists about the energy-dependent creation of the innate immune system in species from bacteria to humans.

Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

The frequency of the human-specific EDAR V370A allele appears to be uniquely elevated in North and East Asian and New World populations due to a bout of positive selection likely to have occurred circa 20,000 y ago.

If any experimental evidence of biophysically constrained viral latency supported the claim about positive selection 20,000 y ago, it could be linked to Nick Lane’s claims about how chimeras and electricity allowed a sterile planet to give way to complex life 4 billion years ago. Since there is no experimental evidence to support his ridiculous theories, intelligent people may want to continue to link environmental selection from food selection to the physiology of reproduction and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions such as V370A that stabilize the organized genomes of all species on Earth.

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

Polymaths and paradigm shifts: from Asimov to Bear (2)

Polymaths and paradigm shifts: from Asimov to Bear (1)
See also: Search results for virus-driven energy theft
Summary: The creation of enzymes, such as ATP synthase is energy-dependent. The energy biophysically constrains viral latency via the creation of microRNAs and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of all living genera.
Modifying Other’s Originality without Quote is an Act of Piracy

A writer who does not cite the sources in h/h feature article is committing piracy. Piracy is plagiarism… high level quality requires originality and creativity… these inattentions…should be strongly condemned… Accordingly, the originally contributing author may preserve the honor worthily and endeavor to further contribution in scientific study.

See for comparison: Here’s how viruses inactivate the immune system, causing cancer

It’s no new news that viruses cause cancer.

The full text of the article is free: DNA Tumor Virus Regulation of Host DNA Methylation and Its Implications for Immune Evasion and Oncogenesis

…virus-associated cancers show highly increased levels of DNMT expression [75,76,77,85,94,95,96,97,98,99]. In HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), DNMT expression is inversely correlated with levels of tumor suppressor microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-152 targeting DNMT1 [97] and miR-101 targeting DNMT3A [99]. Virus-induced DNA hypermethylation is commonly found on several tumor suppressor genes…

RNA-directed DNA methylation links the energy-dependent microRNA-mediated creation of tumor suppressor genes to biophysically constrained viral latency via the proton motive force. The proton motive force links differences in the energy of photons from hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution to the light-activated endogenous substrates of RNA-mediated DNA repair.
See also: “There is no honor among thieves” is a pithy saying that captures Solomon’s observation concerning the wicked and those who choose their company.
A Twitter search returned several interesting comments related to what is known to serious scientists about the proton motive force and the claim that “There is no honor among thieves.” For instance, writers who modify the claims and questions about the proton motive force are plagiarists and/or thieves. See:

  1. 12 Sep 2010

What do proton motive force driven multidrug resistance transporters have in common?

2. 19 Jun 2010

The H+ gradient is called the proton-motive force. This force drives the H+ back across the membrane through H+ channels. ATP synthases aids

The creation of enzymes, such as ATP synthase is energy-dependent. The energy biophysically constrains viral latency via the creation of microRNAs and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of all living genera.

 Philip Ball @philipcball Mar 2

This was filmed tonight, so you’ll soon get to see why Nick Lane thinks the key to the origin of life is not amino acids or RNA but proton gradients. (I think he may be right.)

See for comparison: snippet from our June 24, 2017 conversation about the claims of Philip C. Ball.

See also: The legacy of Frankenstein: A series of events celebrating 200 years of Frankenstein

The origin of life

Dr Frankenstein aimed to create new life from inanimate parts. But how did life first arise on Earth? Join Nick Lane in conversation with Phil Ball as they discuss the latest ideas, from warm ponds to space rocks and hydrothermal vents.

Ask when Nick Lane and/or Philip C. Ball first learned about proton gradients. See how much longer it takes them to link the creation of sunlight  from differences in the energy of photons to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction and this model: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model (2013)

Conclusion:

…the model represented here is consistent with what is known about the epigenetic effects of ecologically important nutrients and pheromones on the adaptively evolved behavior of species from microbes to man. Minimally, this model can be compared to any other factual representations of epigenesis and epistasis for determination of the best scientific ‘fit’.

See also: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems (2014)

Abstract:

This angstroms to ecosystems model of ecological adaptation links nutrient energy-dependent epigenetic effects on base pairs and amino acid substitutions to pheromone-controlled changes in the microRNA / messenger RNA balance and chromosomal rearrangements via the physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to humans. The nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled changes are required for the thermodynamic regulation of intracellular signaling, which enables biophysically constrained nutrient-dependent protein folding; experience-dependent receptor-mediated behaviors, and organism-level thermoregulation in ever-changing ecological niches and social niches. Nutrient-dependent ecological, social, neurogenic and socio-cognitive niche construction are manifested in increasing organismal complexity. Species-specific pheromones link quorum-sensing in microbes from chemical ecology to the physiology of reproduction. The reciprocal relationships of species-typical nutrient-dependent morphological and behavioral diversity are enabled by pheromone-controlled reproduction. Ecological variations and biophysically constrained natural selection for codon optimality links nutritional epigenetics to the behaviors that enable ecological adaptations. All biodiversity is an ecologically validated proof-of-concept. Ideas from population genetics, which exclude ecological factors, are integrated with an experimental evidence-based approach that establishes what is currently known. Simply put, olfactory/pheromonal input links food odors and social odors from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of supercoiled DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man during their development.

See for comparison: On the Difference between Physics and Biology: Logical Branching and Biomolecules

In my model, microRNAs are the biomolecules that link the creation of sunlight to all energy-dependent biophysically constrained viral latency. Viral latency is required to link the physiology of reproduction to all biologically-based diversity in all species.

Claims about proton gradients that link physics to biology without starting with the creation of sunlight are made by biologically uninformed theorists.

An evolutionary theory killer

How to create biologically uninformed theorists

Summary: On March 2, 2018, Philip C. Ball and Nick Lane started making claims about proton gradients. Their claims are based on my model of quantized energy as information. This post includes added support for what is known to all serious scientists about the light-activated endogenous substrates that link molecular epigenetics to RNA-mediated autophagy.
See first: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (audio/visual aid 2017)

Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Light induced energy-dependent changes link angstroms to ecosystems from classical physics to chemistry/chirality and to molecular epigenetics/autophagy.

The National Microbiome Initiative links microbial quorum sensing to the physiology of reproduction via endogenous RNA interference and chromosomal rearrangements. The rearrangements link energy-dependent fixed amino acid substitutions to the Precision Medicine Initiative via genome wide inferences of natural selection.

This detailed representation of energy-dependent natural selection for codon optimality links biologically- based cause and effect from G protein-coupled receptors to RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and the functional structure of supercoiled DNA. Energy-dependent polycombic ecological adaptations are manifested in supercoiled DNA. Chromosomal inheritance links the adaptations from morphological phenotypes to healthy longevity via behavioral phenotypes.

For contrast, virus-driven energy theft is the link from messenger RNA degradation to negative supercoiling, constraint breaking mutations, and hecatombic evolution. The viral hecatomb links transgenerational epigenetic inheritance from archaea to Zika virus-damaged DNA, which typically is repaired by endogenous RNA interference and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in organized genomes.

Added support for the light-activated molecular epigenetics of autophagy:
Light-powering Escherichia coli with proteorhodopsin (2007)

…we quantify the coupling between light-driven and respiratory proton currents… and show that light-driven pumping by PR can fully replace respiration as a cellular energy source in some environmental conditions.

Structure of the Deactive State of Mammalian Respiratory Complex I (2018)

…the deactive state arises when critical structural elements that form the ubiquinone-binding site become disordered, and we propose reactivation is induced when substrate binding to the NADH-reduced enzyme templates their reordering. Our structure both rationalizes biochemical data on the deactive state and offers new insights into its physiological and cellular roles.

Global collective motions in the mammalian and bacterial respiratory complex I (2018)

…we identify here transitions between experimentally resolved structures of the mammalian complex I as low-frequency collective motions of the enzyme, highlighting similarities and differences between the bacterial and mammalian enzymes. Despite the reduced complexity of the smaller bacterial enzyme, our results suggest that the global dynamics of complex I is overall conserved.

The conservation of light-powered functional structures and energy-dependent proton gradients link the deactive state in critical structures to the active state via the creation of enzymes in species from bacteria to mammals. The energy-dependent creation of the enzymes links metabolism of the energy (e.g., food energy) from pheromones to biophysically constrained viral latency in the context of the physiology of reproduction.
The pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to humans links our visual perception of energy and mass in the context of how ecological variation must be linked to energy-dependent ecological adaptations in all living genera.
See: Olfaction Warps Visual Time Perception

Our perception of the world builds upon dynamic inputs from multiple senses with different temporal resolutions, and is threaded with the passing of subjective time. How time is extracted from multisensory inputs is scantly known. Utilizing psychophysical testing and electroencephalography, we show in healthy human adults that odors modulate object visibility around critical flicker-fusion frequency (CFF)-the limit at which chromatic flickers become perceived as a stable color-and effectively alter CFF in a congruency-based manner, despite that they afford no clear environmental temporal information. The behavioral gain produced by a congruent relative to an incongruent odor is accompanied by elevated neural oscillatory power around the object’s flicker frequency in the right temporal region ~150-300 ms after object onset, and is not mediated by visual awareness. In parallel, odors bias the subjective duration of visual objects without affecting one’s temporal sensitivity. These findings point to a neuronal network in the right temporal cortex that executes flexible temporal filtering of upstream visual inputs based on olfactory information. Moreover, they collectively indicate that the very process of sensory integration at the stage of object processing twists time perception, hence casting new insights into the neural timing of multisensory events.

See also: Odors Alter Subjective Time Experience Author: Dr. ZHOU Wen’s Research Group Update time: 2017/05/15

The brain is not a timepiece. Whereas it is equipped with senses like vision, audition, touch, smell, and taste, it has no direct access to or measure of the physical time (unless you read from a clock). Rather, it constructs the subjective “time” of an event from the dynamic multisensory inputs associated with that event. Yet different senses come with different temporal precisions. For instance, when standing near an apple tree, you can detect the falling of an apple much better with your eyes or ears than the nose. How does the brain coordinate multisensory signals entering different brain regions with different temporal resolutions, and come up with the subjective time?

A team at the Institute of Psychology at Chinese Academy of Sciences tackled this issue using odors and images. Specifically, Dr. Bin Zhou, the study’s lead author, and his colleagues examined whether odors could modulate one’s temporal sampling and subjective duration of visual objects. In their study, participants viewed two series of flickering isoluminant images in red and green (Figure 1A). One of the series contained opposite images of an apple or bananas; the other contained only images of red and green fields. When the images alternated at a frequency beyond 20 Hz, the participants started to have difficulty reporting which series contained an object. Indeed, for most people, chromatic flicker fusion frequency (CFF), the limit at which alternating colors become perceived as a stable fused color, falls somewhere between 20 and 25 Hz. Interestingly, the participants’ object detection accuracies around CFF were improved under the exposure of a congruent, as opposed to an incongruent, odor. In other words, the participants detected a rapidly flickering apple better when they smelled an apple odor rather than a banana odor, and vice versa (Figure 1B, left panel). In effect, the presence of a congruent odor facilitated the brain’s temporal sampling of a visual object and elevated its CFF (Figure 1B, right panel). Based on electrical activities recorded from the participants’ scalp, the researchers found that the integration between smell and vision strengthened the signals of the corresponding object in a brain region heavily implicated in object representations called the right temporal cortex, about 150-300 ms after object onset. They further showed that such integration lengthened one’s subjective duration of the corresponding object in a duration comparison task. The researchers concluded that subjective time is warped by the neural energy involved in representing multisensory inputs at subsecond scales.

Until Philip C. Ball mentioned that Nick Lane believed proton gradients came before the energy-dependent creation of RNA, I did not realize how little they knew about this link from differences in the energy of photons to consciousness.
See: What Affective Neuroscience Means for Science Of Consciousness (2013)

The coupling of the two circuits promotes an endogenous feedback that supports conscious processes. Within this framework, we present the defence that detailed study of both affective and cognitive processes, their interactions, as well of their respective brain networks, is necessary for a science of consciousness.

The coupling of the two circuits links differences in the energy of photons from the proton motive force to the light-activated endogenous feedback loops and Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction.
It is extremely difficult for intelligent people to not link this experimental evidence to biophysically constrained viral latency in the context of reports that claim “Creatures’ Adaptability Begins with Their Sensors.”
But, see for comparison: David Attenborough on creationsim May, 2015

My comment on his nonsense: First steps to neutralizing Zika: How highly potent antibody neutralizes Zika infection discovered

This is framed within the context of energy-dependent changes in pH, which facilitate receptor-mediated entry of nutrients or viruses into specific cell types of species-specific tissues via stress-linked changes in hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs.

Virus-driven energy theft has been linked to all pathology in all living genera via the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated polycombic protein folding chemistry compared to the hecatombic evolution of pathology manifested first in the differences between archaea and bacteria. Admitting that Carl Woese was wrong about the different domains of life is the first step towards understanding the difference between healthy longevity and the evolution of all virus-driven pathology.

Carl Woese was wrong

God did not create the viruses. He created the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight, which protects all organized genomes from virus-driven entropy. Only the choices of our ancestors could have led to the increasing amout of virus-driven pathology during the past ~6000 years that pseudoscientists place into the context of millions of years of evolution. Then, they blame God, like these two pseudoscientists do. Darwin knew they would do that, which is why he insisted that others put conditions of life before natural selection. But they bastardized his theory anyway and taught their revision to anyone who was foolish enough to believe in it. It’s called the “Modern Synthesis” and was based on de Vries 1902 definition of “mutation.”

Celebrate Your Inner Virus

It is important that we understand the design present in viruses because God made them.

It is no wonder that Sir David Attenborough and many others like Philip C. Ball and Nick Lane are confused about the energy-dependent creation of healthy longevity and consciousness. Even some young earth creationists have failed to link the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from changes in electrons to ecosystems via the proton motive force. That leaves every aspect of creation to be placed back into the context of ridiculous theories. The theories start with the virus-driven theft of quantized energy as information. The energy theft links mutations to all virus-driven pathology. The theft of quantized energy as information cannot be linked by serious scientists from beneficial mutations to the evolution of one species from another.
For comparison, pseudoscientists have no problem touting this confusing nonsense:
Sign of selection on mutation rate modifiers depends on population size (
1)  Genetic variation—the raw material for evolution—is ultimately generated by mutation.
2). …beneficial alleles never become deleterious and deleterious alleles never become beneficial.
Conclusion:

Whether these phenomena can be united in a single theoretical framework remains an open question that we are actively exploring. In any case, our results add to a growing appreciation of nonclassical population size dependence in evolution by natural selection (41, 42).

Funding for research that attempts to link natural selection to evolution via mutation-driven genetic variation should be used to link food odors and pheromones from the physiology of reproduction to biophysically constrained viral latency and ecological adaptations. It is time to stop creating more biologically uninformed theorists.

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

The MicroRNAome Strikes Back: A Sokalian hoax (10)

Linda Buck, Ben Feringa, Michael Gazzaniga, Christof Koch, Nick Lane and Svante Paabo are among the presenters who will almost undoubtedly discuss some or all of my claims.
Prepare to ask questions or intelligently discuss accurate representations of top-down causation by watching this:

The energy-dependent creation of the microRNAome protects the organized genomes of all living genera from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA that links mutations to all pathology.
See: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression

MicroRNA present in mature sperm appears to not only be left over from spermatogenic processes, but may actually serve important regulatory roles in fertilization and early developmental processes. Further, our results indicate the possibility that environmental changes may impact the expression of specific miRNA.

See also: Dynamic control of chirality and self-assembly of double-stranded helicates with light
See for comparison: A Bioenergetic Basis for Membrane Divergence in Archaea and Bacteria (2014)

We conclude that the enzymes involved took these alternatives by chance in independent populations that had already evolved distinct ion pumps. Our model offers a quantitatively robust explanation for why membrane bioenergetics are universal, yet ion pumps and phospholipid membranes arose later and independently in separate populations. Our findings elucidate the paradox that archaea and bacteria share DNA transcription, ribosomal translation, and ATP synthase, yet differ in equally fundamental traits that depend on the membrane, including DNA replication.

The microRNA-mediated creation of enzymes is quantized energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by phosphorylation in the context of food energy and the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of all morphological and behavioral phenotypes in species from bacteria to primates. Membrane divergence in archaea occurs via the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA, which links the loss of quantized energy from mutations to all pathology. The degradation of the cell membrane links archaea to L-forms, the last remnant of the life of a cell. See: The Inner Life of the Cell (video)
See also: Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor (2016)

We show here for the first time the crucial role of viruses in controlling archaeal dynamics and therefore the functioning of deep-sea ecosystems, and suggest that virus-archaea interactions play a central role in global biogeochemical cycles.

So far as I know, none of the people who are presenting at “The Future of Biology” meeting have linked Schroedinger’s claims from the past to what is known about the conserved molecular mechanisms of energy-dependent biophysically constrained RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in species from microbes to humans. Even if they are not evolutionary theorists, most have not linked the energy-dependent fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions to increasing organismal complexity and some have even reversed what is known about top-down causation. For example, Nick Lane, like Gunter P. Wagner have used mathematical models of correlations.
See: Pervasive correlated evolution in gene expression shapes cell and tissue type transcriptomes
They start with this admission”

A major challenge for interpreting this data is that cell type transcriptomes may not evolve independently…

They seem to think they can use statistics and interpretations to address the challenge of facts about increasing organismal complexity.

Our study provides a statistical method to measure and account for correlated gene expression evolution when interpreting comparative transcriptome data.

See for comparison: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior and Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model
The fact that what organisms eat has been linked from the food energy-dependent creation of enzymes, receptors, and hormones to the affect of hormones on behavior in all invertebrates and vertebrates was placed into the context of the cell biology game, Cytosis.

A board game taking place inside a human cell! Players compete to build enzymes, hormones and receptors and fend off attacking Viruses!

During the month of January (2018), 2831 people learned from my twitter profile about the domains RNA-mediated.com and Autophagy.pro and some of them learned from more than 100,000 impressions how energy must be linked to RNA-mediated biophysically constrained viral latency by autophagy.
Jan 2018 Summary
Tweets
1,199
Tweet impressions
102,000
Profile visits
2,831
Mentions
71
New followers
29
 

Why do I have only 29 new followers? Are theorists really that scared? If so, how will they help to prevent the next viral apocalypse, if it has not already started before September, 2018?

See also:

If my claims about biophysically constrained energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation are not discussed by Linda Buck, Ben Feringa, Michael Gazzaniga, Christof Koch, Nick Lane, and Svante Paabo others will have another example of what happens after a paradigm shift.

 In the past nothing happened because serious scientists failed to acknowledge this fact: Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction. The article was co-authored by LInda Buck. There is no mention of mutations or evolution and Linda Buck is scheduled to present what can best be described as a refutation of neo-Darwinian evolution.

October 2014

The "great filter" is an epigenetic trap

The great filter

The silence of universe seems ominous. Was Earth lucky?

Thanks to George Ellis​ for alerting others to this.

Excerpt: Nick Lane in his magnificent new book The Vital Question thinks that a peculiar feature of all earthly life — that it traps energy in the form of protons pumped across membranes…
Excerpt 2) Next, after a couple of billion years, creatures bigger than microbes emerged, once (Nick Lane argues) an energy-per-gene limit was breached by the invention of the mitochondrion, a specialised energy-generating microbe living inside another cell.

My comment: First, an epigenetic trap links the sun’s biological energy to the light-induced de novo creation of nucleic acids and to the creation of amino acids. The amino acids are required to link RNA-mediated events to the the de novo creation of receptor proteins in the membranes of cells.
Did Nick Lane address the fact that the creation of the cells requires a nutrient source? See for comparison: Energy-releasing chemical reactions are at the core of the living process of all organisms.
Many theorists jump from the required nutrient source of the energy and proceed via de Vries definition of “mutation” and link the definition to jumps that they think cause the evolution of new species. The creation of more than one cell type or species requires RNA-mediated gene duplication to create more receptors with variations in their structure. The variants link RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions to cell type differentiation in all cells of all individuals of all living genera. The variants are not “jump-like changes.” Amino acid substitutions are biophysically constrained by the chemistry of nutrient-dependent protein folding and the physiology of nutrient-dependent reproduction.
My questions (Set 1) Who set the first epigenetic trap that Nick Lane claims “…traps energy in the form of protons pumped across membranes?” How much energy was required to set the trap? What physical forces allow the epigenetic trap to open and close? For example, after a virus enters a cell, what prevents its nutrient-dependent replication from linking entropic elasticity to genomic entropy via perturbed protein folding?
My comment: Stuart Kauffman and other informed scientists think there must be an anti-entropic force.  See: Scientific Seeker Stuart Kauffman on Free Will, God, ESP and Other Mysteries.
Excerpt:

He proposed that our scientific understanding of reality is radically incomplete, and that some sort of anti-entropy, order-generating force remains to be discovered.

My questions (Set 2) When are theorists going to address the fact that the sequencing of the octopus genome links nutrient-dependent microRNAs to the protection from viral microRNAs, which enables the stability of organized genomes in all living genera? Does the nutrient-dependent microRNA-mediated stability of organized genomes exemplify how ecological variation leads to ecological adaptation or to extinction due to genomic entropy? Could an anti-entropic electrostatic force be all that’s required to link all of biodiversity to its orgins?
My questions (Set 3)  Are evolutionary theorists trapped within the context of neo-Darwinian theories despite the fact that Darwin warned them not to start with natural selection? Have big bang cosmologists and evolutionary theorists wasted more than 100 years trying to determine how the first epigenetic trap was set, while others have linked ecological variation to ecological adaptation via single amino acid substitutions? Is it time to review what serious scientists understand about the need to start with top-down causation?
See, for example:
Context-specific microRNA function in developmental complexity
My question: How do you approach developmental complexity from an evolutionary perspective that does not start with top-down causation and skips what theorists claim is the first 2 billion years of evolved life on this planet?
Riding the Evolution Paradigm Shift With Eugene Koonin
Excerpt:

The entire evolution of the microbial world and the virus world, and the interaction between microbes and viruses and other life forms have been left out of the Modern Synthesis…

See for comparison:
Top-down causation: an integrating theme within and across the sciences?
Top-Down Causation and the Rise of Information in the Emergence of Life

The Chirality Of Life: From Phase Transitions To Astrobiology

Excerpt: A key missing piece is the origin of biomolecular homochirality: permeating almost every life-form on Earth is the presence of exclusively levorotary amino acids and dextrorotary sugars.

Matt Ridley’s “great filter” is what serious scientists might call an epigenetic trap. Evolutionary theorists should stop commenting on the experimentally established facts that serious scientists use to link viruses to pathology and the nutrient-dependent physiology of reproduction to the metabolic networks and genetic networks of healthy biodiversity and longevity. The nutrient-dependent physiology of reproduction is another epigenetic trap. It links the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape via the conserved molecular mechanisms that link the sun’s biological energy from atoms to ecosystems.
Evolutionary theorists should stop doing what theoretical physicists continue to do to the integrity of science. See: Scientific method: Defend the integrity of physics
Excerpt: 

The imprimatur of science should be awarded only to a theory that is testable. Only then can we defend science from attack.

If energy-dependent evolution occurs in 4 days, but not in ~2 billion years, the pseudoscientific nonsense that takes everything between 4 days and ~2 billion years can be placed where the sun doesn’t shine — at the bottom of the ocean. The sun also does not appear to shine into the minds of theorists who think they know what Dobzhansky (1973) meant with his claim Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution. Obviously, he could have said the “Light of Ecological Adaptation” since he linked a single nutrient-dependent amino acid substitution to cell type differentiation in three primate species. However, like Schrodinger, Dobzhansky was caught in the trap set by Darwinian theorists.
Hub McCann Teaches Respect (Secondhand Lions)
My comment: Should people like this be required to wear a DO NOT DISTURB sign? If so, biologically informed creationists may need to start wearing signs that warn biologically uninformed theorists to not attack science. For an example of science that is ignored by theorists, creationists could attack them because theorists ignore the fact that the bacterial flagellum “re-evolved” in four days. They also ignore the fact that similar facts can be linked across species to a species of bacteria that lives in the sediment at the bottom of the ocean. It appears to have not changed in ~2 billion years, which just happens to be the amount of time missing from Nick Lane’s evolutionary perspective on energy-dependent evolution.