Caption: Contemporary analyses of cell metabolism have called out three metabolites: ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA, as sentinel molecules whose accumulation represent much of the purpose of the catabolic arms of metabolism and then drive many anabolic pathways. Such analyses largely leave out how and why ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA (Figure 1) at the molecular level play such central roles. Yet, without those insights into why cells accumulate them and how the enabling properties of these key metabolites power much of cell metabolism, the underlying molecular logic remains mysterious. Four other metabolites, S-adenosylmethionine, carbamoyl phosphate, UDP-glucose, and Δ2-isopentenyl-PP play similar roles in using group transfer chemistry to drive otherwise unfavorable biosynthetic equilibria. This review provides the underlying chemical logic to remind how these seven key molecules function as mobile packets of cellular currencies for phosphoryl transfers (ATP), acyl transfers (acetyl-CoA, carbamoyl-P), methyl transfers (SAM), prenyl transfers (IPP), glucosyl transfers (UDP-glucose), and electron and ADP-ribosyl transfers (NAD(P)H/NAD(P)+) to drive metabolic transformations in and across most primary pathways. The eighth key metabolite is molecular oxygen (O2), thermodynamically activated for reduction by one electron path, leaving it kinetically stable to the vast majority of organic cellular metabolites

The eternal significance of microRNAs (5)

Excerpt: Researchers in South Korea, for example, have reminded the God-less Communist dictator of North Korea that one microRNA-mediated amino acid substitution in the influenza B virus could decimate the human populations that he thinks he rules.
Conclusion: Conserved energy biophysically constrains viral latency.

Ridiculously ignorant objections to my publication in what others claim is a predatory journal can be compared to my objection to publication of this article in PNAS.

Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk
1) They linked environmental selection to the frequency of the EDAR V370A variant in the mouse model via positive selection for modulation of thermoregulatory sweating.
2) They linked environmental selection to similarities in human populations in North Asia, East Asia, and the New World. But they virtually ignored the mouse model of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled biophysically constrained ecological adaptation.
I linked the same food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled base pair change and microRNA-mediated fixation of the same amino acid substitution to all biodiversity in all living genera via feedback loops. See: Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction

Others see what passes peer-review published in journals that support the expense of efforts made by pseudoscientists and other theorists, but they claim that the OMICS journals are predatory. I claim that pseudoscientists and other theorists do not know the difference between predation and sympatric speciation because they place predation into the context of evolved biodiversity.

For comparison see: Whole-genome sequencing of the blue whale and other rorquals finds signatures for introgressive gene flow

Reported as: Baleen Whale Genomes Point to Evolution With Gene Flow

Large baleen whales in the Balaenopteridae family (commonly known as rorqual whales) have undergone sympatric speciation — speciation without clear geographic barriers between them — despite ongoing hybridization, according to new research from investigators in Sweden and Germany.

System-wide Rewiring Underlies Behavioral Differences in Predatory and Bacterial-Feeding Nematodes

Reported as:

“The patterns of synaptic connections perfectly mirror the fundamental differences in the feeding behaviours of P. pacificus and C. elegans”, Ralf Sommer concludes. A clear-cut result like that was not what he had necessarily expected.

Neo-Darwinian theorists and other biologically uniformed pseudoscientists have failed to use any common sense in attempts to link what organisms eat from the physiology of reproduction to biophysically constrained biodiversity.  For comparison, serious scientists have forced the denuclearization of North Korea by reminding others to start with what is known about how food energy-dependent autophagy protects all life on Earth from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA.

Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition)

…as a reviewer, it is tiresome to raise the same objections repeatedly, wondering why researchers have not fulfilled some of the basic requirements for establishing the occurrence of an autophagic process.

 …appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used.

Researchers in South Korea, for example, have reminded the God-less Communist dictator of North Korea that one microRNA-mediated amino acid substitution in the influenza B virus could decimate the human populations that he thinks he rules.

See: A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses

An evolutionary theory killer

A single base change refutes theistic evolution (2)

Announcing publication of a model that links the creation of quantized energy from changes in subatomic particles to biophysically constrained viral latency and sympatric speciation in all living genera.

Nutrient-dependent Pheromone-Controlled Ecological Adaptations: From Angstroms to Ecosystems

This angstroms to ecosystems model of ecological adaptation links nutrient energy-dependent epigenetic effects on base pairs and amino acid substitutions to pheromone-controlled changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance and chromosomal rearrangements via the physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to humans.

The invited review of nutritional epigenetics was returned without review and the preprint was posted 4 years ago as:

Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems

The only significant change to the manuscript was a change in the title. Atoms to ecosystems became Angstroms to Ecosystems when quantized energy-dependent changes in angstroms were linked to ecological adaptation by what is known to all serious scientists in this 2014 parody.
All About that Base (Meghan Trainor Parody) 12/10/14
Repeat after them (and me): “… every angstrom is dynamic from the 5 prime to the three…”
See also the 2015 publication: Structural diversity of supercoiled DNA

DNA simultaneously exists in a largely inactive B-form with bases tucked in and protected and an active, highly varied structure with exposed bases.

See also: RNA-Guided Human Genome Engineering

George Church and others may have been the first to place the naturally occurring biophysically constrained energy-dependent processes of ecological adaptations into the context of a patent. (It is extremely unusual for anyone to attempt to patent a naturally occurring process.) That explains why there is no patent litigation, which still plagues those who claimed to discover the CRISPR-Cas 9 innate immune system of bacteria, which biophysically constrains viral latency and prevents the degradation of messenger RNA that links the energy-dependent creation of bacteria to the virus-driven creation of archaea and L-forms. All biophysically constrained virus-driven pathology has since been placed back into the context of embryogenesis and the dynamics of energy-dependent gene expression at the level of single-cell resolution as if bacteria somehow evolved into humans.

See:

Single-cell reconstruction of developmental trajectories during zebrafish embryogenesis
Single-cell mapping of gene expression landscapes and lineage in the zebrafish embryo
The dynamics of gene expression in vertebrate embryogenesis at single-cell resolution
Chronicling embryos, cell by cell, gene by gene
Reported as: How one cell gives rise to an entire body
See for comparison our section on molecular epigenetics in: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior (1996)
Watch pseudoscientists continue to make ridiculous claims that fail to link the creation of biophysically constrained thermonuclear energy to autophagy and all biodiversity in the context of the cell biology game Cytosis and most of the forthcoming presentations during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018.
Remember to note that at the end of the parody All About that Base, the research group politely refers to Neil deGrasse Tyson as a big ass (er, a bass). Try not to use the acronym ROTFLMAO in attempts to discuss what is known to all serious scientists with theorists.

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

Ecological adaptations vs the randomness of evolution (3)

Summary: Fifty years later, only theorists and other pseudoscientists have failed to recognize the facts that link experimental evidence of differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force, which links the potential of hydrogen (pH) to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity on Earth. In that context, Carl Zimmer serves as an important example of human idiocy each time he makes claims about evolution.
Serious scientists will meet during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018 to discuss the overwhelming amount of human idiocy exemplified in the works of theorists who failed to learn that life is “All about that base.”
Without the quantized energy-dependent creation of the base pairs, viral latency could not be biophysically constrained and entropy would be used to explain the evolution of biodiversity manifested in sympatric speciation.
See for comparison: The costs of living at the edge: Seasonal stress in wild savanna-dwelling chimpanzees

Adaptations associated with shifting from a predominately forested habitat to a more open environment are considered a crucial step in hominin evolution.

The adaptations are food energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to humans. For example, higher levels of dehydroepiandrosterone in humans are an adaptation.
See:  Dehydroepiandrosterone – is the fountain of youth drying out?

…humans are unique in having adrenals that secrete large amounts of the prohormone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate, DHEA-S, into the bloodstream of males and females. Even non-human primates produce only ~10% of the DHEA found in humans

Carl Zimmer places everything known about how ecological variation must be linked to energy-dependent ecological adaptations into the context of human evolution.
See: Hints of Human Evolution in Chimpanzees That Endure a Savanna’s Heat

Millions of years ago, our apelike ancestors gradually moved from woodlands to savannas and began walking upright at some point. The Fongoli chimpanzees demonstrate just how difficult that transition would have been — and how that challenge may have driven some major changes in our evolution, from evolving sweat glands to losing fur and walking upright.

Before she graduated from her medical technologist course (circa 2014), I mentioned to Misty ______ the importance of  β-lactamase testing to understanding how the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs would soon be linked to all biophysically constrained biodiversity on Earth via antibiotic susceptibility testing in the hospital medical laboratory.
Shared strategies for β-lactam catabolism in the soil microbiome

A hydrolase from the put operon was found to degrade in vitro benzylpenicilloic acid, the β-lactamase penicillin product.

This clearly exemplifies how the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA in β-lactamase positive organisms is linked to antibiotic resistance via what all serious scientists know about the molecular mechanisms of energy-dependent cell type differentiation.
The findings were reported in the ridiculous context of claims about How Bacteria Eat Penicillin

…some of the bacteria could, in fact, eat the drugs… As it turned out, they were everywhere. He also found examples of the phenomenon in the scientific literature going back to the 1960s.

In 1964, McEwen et al, linked the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from Schrödinger’s claims in What is Life? (1944) to the creation of ATP and the creation of RNA. Now, others like McEwen know that RNA interference biophysically constrains viral latency.
In 1968, Frohlich speculated that the highly ordered storage of quantized energy in species from microbes to humans linked hydrogen-atom transfer to the functional structure of cell membranes via the hydrogen bonds of molecules, or other dipolar constituents, which he linked to the shared energy supply that biophysically constrains life.
Fifty years later, only theorists and other pseudoscientists have failed to recognize the facts that link experimental evidence of differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force, which links the potential of hydrogen (pH) to biophysically constrained viral latency and all biodiversity on Earth. In that context, Carl Zimmer serves as an important example of human idiocy each time he makes claims about evolution.
See also: UTX-mediated enhancer and chromatin remodeling suppresses myeloid leukemogenesis through noncatalytic inverse regulation of ETS and GATA programs

By integrating proteomic and genomic analyses, we link these changes to UTX regulation of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling, coordination of the COMPASS complex and enhanced pioneering activity of ETS factors during evolution to AML.

They linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight from the creation of ATP to chromatin remodeling during the evolution of pathology, which all serious scientists know is biophysically constrained by the physiology of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction.
See: [Pheromonal regulation of genetic processes: research on the house mouse (Mus musculus L.)] (1994)

A study of the influence of pheromone stressor(s) on proliferating germ and somatic cells was performed on laboratory lines of house mouse in the context of the physiological hypothesis of mutation process, proposed by M.E. Lobashev in 1947. Data from experiments are presented, and results obtained during last 10-15 years are discussed. The adaptive role of cytogenetic and other observed pheromonal effects is considered. The possible existence of interorganism systems of genetic regulation is discussed, the search for and study of which may help in more complete understanding of the regularities of functioning of genetic material.

The interorganism systems of genetic regulation have since been placed into the context of sympatric speciation by all serious scientists.
See: Direct estimation of mutations in great apes reveals significant recent human slowdown in the yearly mutation rate
See also: Analysis of 6,515 exomes reveals the recent origin of most human protein-coding variants

Watering Young Plant - Vintage Effect

Environmental selection is natural selection (5)

Summary: Atheistic Chinese Communists realize that vaccinations cannot protect them. Their attempts to develop a universal vaccine have failed. Bill Gates promotes vaccinations, which led us to the brink of the next pandemic.

Vaccines prevent ecological adaptations in some cell types. Does Bill Gates, a non-scientist, think that people from God-fearing non-communist countries can do better than the atheistic Communists?

Bill Gates calls on U.S. to lead fight against a pandemic that could kill 33 million

Gates and his wife, Melinda, have repeatedly warned that a pandemic is the greatest immediate threat to humanity. Experts say the risk is high, because new pathogens are constantly emerging and the world is so interconnected.

New pathogens do not emerge. Read Quantico. The viruses that cause all pathology ecologically adapt by stealing the quantized energy that all differentiated cell types need to survive.

Bill Gates thinks a coming disease could kill 30 million people within 6 months — and says we should prepare for it as we do for war

If you were to tell the world’s governments that weapons that could kill 30 million people were under construction right now, there’d be a sense of urgency about preparing for the threat, Gates said.

The one time the military tried a sort of simulated war game against a smallpox pandemic, the final score was “smallpox one, humanity zero,” Gates said.

See also: Nov 17, 2016 Obama Advisers Urge Action Against CRISPR Bioterror Threat

…a strategy was developed in 2009, but it’s carried out by several government agencies in an uncoördinated approach…

Bill Gates has been promoting vaccinations as a strategy. The vaccinations led us to the brink of the pandemic. Vaccines prevent ecological adaptations in some cell types. The atheistic Chinese Communists now realize that vaccinations cannot protect them. Their attempts to develop a universal vaccine have failed, miserably. Does Bill Gates, a non-scientist, think that people from non-communist countries can do better than the atheistic Communists?
Perhaps he doesn’t know how South Korea forced the denuclearization of North Korea, which will probably lead to proclamations of world peace.
See: Engineered virus has artificial amino acid allowing it to serve as a vaccine (2016)

A team of researchers at Peking University has developed a new type of vaccine that they claim may allow for a new approach to generating live virus vaccines which could conceivably be adapted to any type of virus.

Their “new approach” failed. The uncoordinated strategy against the CRISPR bioterror threat has failed to address the established scientific facts. All ecological adaptations are quantized energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans. That fact is presented in the context of the Holy Bible, which explains why scientific creationists from South Korea were able to force denuclearization on atheistic communists.
Now Gates accuses the US Government (the Trump Administration?) of failing to protect US citizens.
On April 26, 2018, I discussed factual representations of biologically-based cause and effect that probably led to the death of Timothy J. Cunningham. I told a friend that Cunningham’s publication record clearly reveals his ability to link viruses to the failed differentiation of all cell types in all living genera.
See his publications on

1)”Racial Disparities in Age-Specific Mortality”
2) “Sex-specific relationships between adverse childhood experiences”
3) “Associations between antioxidants and all-cause mortality”
and
4) “Health and Safety Issues for Travelers”

What Bill Gates Fears Most may be the revelations of facts about vaccines. Gates seems to be still promoting the live (or dead) virus-containing vaccines that have failed to protect anyone since the time they were supposed to start protecting us all.
Is he aware that An error made in 1925 led to a crisis in modern science?
The error replaced the creation of energy with models of statistical significance as if the answer to the question “What is Life?” was akin to computers that automagically emerged with the energy to run themselves.
See also: Arrowsmith (1925). If Bill Gates had studied US history, he might have learned that the 1925 Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tennessee predicted that teaching neo-Darwinian evolution would cause the next pandemic.
Instead see: Gates Foundation launches $12M Grand Challenge for universal flu vaccine, as Bill Gates urges world to prepare for war on pandemics
When Europeans “invaded” the Americas, indigenous human populations were decimated by the virus-driven degradation of their messenger RNA. Few American Indians had the amino acid substitution that protected them from the virus-driven pathology manifested in the deep sea. The virus-driven pathology has been linked to all physical and mental diseases/disorders on Earth via the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic.
For comparison, everything known to all serious scientists about quantized energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation has been linked to biophysically constrained viral latency.
See: Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor and Cytosis.
See for comparison: Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk
The V370A adaptation came from populations in what is now Central China, but dietary changes eliminated the need for the adaptation in the Americas, where indigenous populations had adapted to other viruses. When Europeans introduced the viruses to indigenous populations on other continents, the 6,000 year history of ecological adaptations in species from mice to humans became clear.
See: Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant
The EDAR variant is V370A, which is also known as The ectodysplasin receptor variant (EDARV370A) and as rs3827760, which is also known as 1540T/C, 370A or Val370Ala. It is a SNP in the ectodysplasin A receptor EDAR gene on chromosome 2. The fact that one food energy-dependent variant in one SNP was linked from the creation of a receptor to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in species from mice to humans proved that environmental selection links quantized energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance from the creation of sunlight to viral latency in all living genera.
See for comparison: Here Are Michelle Wolf’s Boldest Moments At The White House Correspondents’ Dinner
See also the bold moves made by scientific creationists in South Korea, who forced the denuclearization of North Korea (in the same week as the “dinner”) with prior publication of two articles that link viruses to the decimation of populations of atheistic Communists.
Whether or not the US, and/or if South Korea invades, they could decimate the populations of atheists without firing more than one shot to deliver a payload of virus-modified yeasts. The lives of well-nourished troops could be saved for the take-over/occupation.
See:
1) A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses 4/13/18

Several amino acid mutations were identified in PB2, PB1, PA, BM2, and/or NS1 protein coding regions, and one concurrent lysine (K)-to-arginine (R) mutation in PA residue 338 (PA K338R) was found in both maVc_BR60 and maYm_WI01 viruses.

2) Emergence of Human G2P[4] Rotaviruses in the Post-vaccination Era in South Korea: Footprints of Multiple Interspecies Re-assortment Events 4/18/18

…17-24 amino acid changes, specifically A87T, D96N, S213D, and S242N substitutions in G2 epitopes, were observed.

See also: South Korea: Kim Seeks U.S. Guarantee Against Invasion

If the only thing atheistic Communists want is to not be invaded, they probably know that vaccines and nuclear weapons cannot protect them from the decimation that could be caused by a single amino acid substitution in a virus.

Why tempt our Creator to show them the error of their ways, when atheistic Communists do not believe in Him? Ask also, “Who killed Timothy J. Cunningham?” — and/or anyone else who is killed or goes missing during the transition to Global Peace.
See also:  [evol-psych] Sorry but Yahoo! groups have blocked all my news items — Robert Karl Stonjek 4/30/18
Wait for this to happen with the Human Ethology Yahoo group, where you can still find the atheistic pseudoscientific nonsense touted by the moderator, Jay R. Feierman.
See for example:
Variation is not nutrient availability and the something that is doing the selecting is not the individual organism. A feature of an educated person is to realize what they do not know. Sadly, you don’t know that you have an incorrect understanding [of] Darwinian biological evolution.
See also: I am absolutely certain that if you showed this statement to any professor of biology or genetics in any accredited university anywhere in the world that 100% of them would say that “Random mutations are the substrate upon which directional natural selection acts” is a correct and true statement.
See for comparison: Tracking niche variation over millennial timescales in sympatric killer whale lineages

  1. Ecological variation is the raw material by which natural selection can drive evolutionary divergence [1–4].
  2. The differences in amino acid composition among different tissues can lead to large differences in trophic discrimination [38].

Many evolutionary theorists and Big Bang cosmologists are among the hate-mongers who would rather combat Christianity than make any efforts towards Combating Evolution to Fight Disease.

512zS1RWlQL._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_

Environmental selection is natural selection

Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk was published on April 23, 2018

The ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR) gene has a range of pleiotropic effects, including sweat gland density, incisor shoveling, and mammary gland ductal branching. The frequency of the human-specific EDAR V370A allele appears to be uniquely elevated in North and East Asian and New World populations due to a bout of positive selection likely to have occurred circa 20,000 y ago. The dental pleiotropic effects of this allele suggest an even higher occurrence among indigenous people in the Western Hemisphere before European colonization. We hypothesize that selection on EDAR V370A occurred in the Beringian refugium because it increases mammary ductal branching, and thereby may amplify the transfer of critical nutrients in vitamin D-deficient conditions to infants via mothers’ milk. This hypothesized selective context for EDAR V370A was likely intertwined with selection on the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster because it is known to modulate lipid profiles transmitted to milk from a vitamin D-rich diet high in omega-3 fatty acids.

The authors placed my claims about the mouse-to-human model of the EDAR V370A variant back into the context of an evolutionary adaptation. They seem unwilling to accept the fact that the  EDAR V370A variant is a nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptation in mice and in humans. It links energy-dependent changes from angstroms to ecosystems in all living genera via natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality.
The EDAR V370A allele is also known as rs3827760, 1540T/C, 370A, or Val370Ala. It is a SNP in the ectodysplasin A receptor EDAR gene on chromosome 2.
See the author’s copy of my invited review of nutritional epigenetics, which was returned without review :
Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems (2014)

In the context of climate change and changes in diet, the story began with what probably was a nutrient-dependent base pair change and a variant epiallele that arose in a human population in what is now central China. Apparently, the effect of the epiallele was adaptive and it was manifested in the context of an effect on sweat, skin, hair, and teeth. In another mammal, such as the mouse, the effect on sweat, skin, hair, and teeth is probably due to a nutrient-dependent epigenetic effect on hormones responsible for the tweaking of immense gene networks that metabolize nutrients to pheromones. The pheromones appear to control the nutrient-dependent epigenetically-effected hormone-dependent organization and hormone-activation of reproductive sexual behavior in mammals such as mice and humans, but also in invertebrates and in microbes as previously indicated.

The ecological adaptations, which appear to be manifested in the human population are detailed in these two reports [162-163]. The ecological adaptations are likely to be nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled. If so, ecological variation probably leads to ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction, which is manifested in increasing organismal complexity and species diversity. If not, there may be something as yet unknown about mutations and evolution that makes sense in the light of what is known about nutritional epigenetics and the molecular biology of species from microbes to man.

More than four years later, biologically uninformed theorists have again tried to make natural selection something different than environmental selection. Nina G. Jablonski is one of the co-authors. I’m tempted to think that all the others also are biologically uninformed science idiots who cannot link physical and chemistry from subatomic particles to ecosystems via what organisms eat and the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction, which biophysically constrains viral latency in all living genera.
See also: microRNA and ADAR1 microRNA
For example:
Combinatory RNA-Sequencing Analyses Reveal a Dual Mode of Gene Regulation by ADAR1 in Gastric Cancer (April 25, 2018)
Virus-encoded miRNAs in Ebola virus disease (April 24, 2018)

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

Abiogenesis vs microRNA biogenesis (3)

 

My comment to

Thank you for helping to show what has been missing from neo-Darwinian theories and other claims that were based on de Vries 1902 definition of mutation. Theorists may now want to learn more about the energy-dependent molecular mechanisms of recombination.

Most of them will not like the findings you have provided. The peer-review process is especially deadly to those who challenge the current dogma. But since you have made the quantum leap see also:

Mechanisms of Recombination conference  Start: Sunday, May 20, 9.00am Finish: Tuesday, May 22, 6.45pm

Natural selection for codon optimality link quantized energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair from biophysically constrained viral latency to sympatric speciation and all biodiversity.

When people who you thought were your peers reject your findings, you need only wait until after “Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology” – September 2018 to resubmit and publish in a top-tier journal (if you have not already done so).

Until then, see also: Systematic analysis of complex genetic interactions

Reported as: How Many Genes Do Cells Need? Maybe Almost All of Them
Theorists failed to note that the creation of genes in yeasts is quantized energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of reproduction. Most of their ridiculous claims try to link abiogenesis to genome evolution.
See for example:  Genome evolution across 1,011 Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates
The origin of the yeast species in China has been linked to all biophysically constrained sympatric speciation via the section on molecular epigenetics from this 1996 review of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation.
From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

Small intranuclear proteins also participate in generating alternative splicing techniques of pre-mRNA and, by this mechanism, contribute to sexual differentiation in at least two species, Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans…

From the Discussion:

Parenthetically it is interesting to note even the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a gene-based equivalent of sexual orientation (i.e., a-factor and alpha-factor physiologies). These differences arise from different epigenetic modifications of an otherwise identical MAT locus (Runge and Zakian, 1996; Wu and Haber, 1995).

See also: Correction of β-thalassemia mutant by base editor in human embryos
See for comparison: Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution (1973)

…the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.

Theorists must now face the facts about mitochondrial DNA that also attest to their ignorance. They will be forced to link the creation of anti-entropic virucidal energy to the creation of ATP synthase, the creation of ATP, and the creation of RNA, which links microRNA biogenesis from naturally occurring energy-dependent base editing and the origin of microbial yeasts in China to morphological and behavioral phenotypes in humans via biophysically constrained changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance.
After comparison to these “Levels of Biological Organization” (See slide # 6) and the examples from all species, anyone left touting ridiculous theories will be dismissed.

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

2018 March for Science vs microRNAs

Summary: Only biologically uninformed theorists and other pseudoscientists do not seem to know that all carbon-based life is quantized energy-dependent and that biophotonic energy as information comes from the sun. It is obvious to all serious scientists that proton gradients link photons from quantized energy as information to the proton motive force, which is how the potential of hydrogen (pH) is linked to changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance that biophysically constrain viral latency in the context of hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution that must be linked to supercoiled DNA.
The Second March for Science a Smaller Affair

…the events are not devoid of politics—either on signs or in rhetoric.

“It is a remarkable outpouring of scientists to talk about the marvelous accomplishments of science, the amazing relevance of science, and a call for defending the conditions under which science can thrive.” — Rush Holt, the CEO of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Science is not thriving. See for comparison: All in the (bigger) family (2015)

…at a special symposium of the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, researchers reported new parallels between these two very successful groups of animals and new insights about what it took for an ancient crustacean to give rise to insects.

Energy-dependent microRNA-mediated biophysically constrained viral latency was required. The scientific facts about food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled biophysically constrained viral latency and microRNA-mediated sympatric speciation probably contributed most to the reduced turnout at the ridiculous Marches for Science. All serious scientists know that science is not thriving, and pseudoscientists are finding out.
This is serious science: miRNA regulation of innate immunity

In this review, we discuss the contributory pathways and mechanisms by which several miRNAs influence the development of innate immunity and fine-tune immune response. Moreover, we discuss the consequence of deregulated miRNAs and their pathogenic implications.

Who needs more proof that neo-Darwinian theorists and Big Bang cosmologists are biologically uninformed science idiots?
When George Church reported in this interview that cyanobacteria fix light, he left no room for ridiculous claims about the emergence of energy or claims about mutation-driven evolution. Two months later, most theorists skipped the Marches.
I believe they probably stayed home and attempted to rewrite their grant proposals. But what I believe doesn’t matter. I can’t prove that they’ve been forced by serious scientists to eliminate “evolution” and/or their automagical “evolutionary processes” from the content/context.
But see at 15:10

“…the cyanobacteria turn out that they fix light ah as well or better than land plants…”

See for comparison, from the transcript:

The cyanobacteria fix [carbon via] light as well or better than land plants. Under ideal circumstances, they can be maybe seven to ten times more productive per photon.

Only biologically uninformed theorists and other pseudoscientists do not seem to know that all carbon-based life is quantized energy dependent and that biophotonic energy as information comes from the sun. It is obvious to all serious scientists that proton gradients link photons from quantized energy as information to the proton motive force, which is how the potential of hydrogen (pH) is linked to changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance that biophysically constrain viral latency in the context of hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution that must be linked to supercoiled DNA.
Theorists have been left behind and anyone who participated in the 2018 March for Science has revealed their overwhelming ignorance. Why didn’t George Church warn them? Richard Feynman did:
See: Food energy  for Feynman’s claim about human idiocy.
Alternatively, see: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference
See also: A 360 degrees view of circular RNAs: From biogenesis to functions

The pre-mRNA splicing machinery generates circRNAs via backsplicing reactions, which are often facilitated by intronic repeat sequences that base pair to one another and bring the intervening splice sites into close proximity.

See also: Dr. Gene Nelson wrote:  “This year, I printed 500 copies of the handout that I wrote regarding CGNP’s battle with the CPUC and the plant’s owner. I returned with about 490 handouts.”
On April 19, 2018 “From Layout to Multi-Physics: Integrating Thermal and Photonics Simulation into the PIC Design Flow” will link the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to thermal cycling.
The thermal cycles have been linked to cracks in the Vietnam Memorial Wall. This free Webinar will almost undoubtedly place the eternal significance of “The Wall” into the context of the eternal significance of microRNAs, which repair DNA damage in carbon-based life forms. Damage repair via the food energy-dependent creation of microRNAs is linked to the eternal significance of differences between organic and inorganic chemistry.
For instance, quantum physics can be linked to the biophysically constrained production of uranium isotopes by the physiology of reproduction in bacteria. And, the use of uranium isotopes in therapy attests to the fact that the unconstrained energy causes cracks in the human genome. The “cracks” are manifested in radiation-induced pathologies.
Treating glioblastoma with radiation may be ill-advised. For comparison, microRNA-mediated therapy has emerged as an effective treatment regimen based on naturally occurring prevention of all pathology.

Pseudoscientists are willing to let Vietnam Veterans and others with glioblastoma suffer unnecessarily and die prematurely. The pseudoscientists won’t admit that food energy-dependent changes in microRNAs have been linked to the stability of all organized genomes via sympatric speciation in all living genera.
 
 
 
There is no such thing as a de novo mutation. The virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA has been linked from mutations to all pathology via the death gene, which was discovered during the early 1990s by researchers who worked for Abcam.
See: Epigenetic modifications poster
See for comparison: A Crack in Creation: Gene Editing and the Unthinkable Power to Control Evolution

Why is Jennifer Doudna still touting controlled evolution at a time when other serious scientists have linked every aspect of the quantized energy-dependent creation of microRNAs to the epigenetically modified physiology of reproduction and all ecological adaptations? What hasn’t she learned about biophysically constrained microRNA-mediated cell type differentiation in species from microbes to humans?
See: When the Most Potent Combination of Antibiotics Selects for the Greatest Bacterial Load: The Smile-Frown Transition (April 23, 2013)

Finding the most potent combinations of antibiotics in the lab can be a challenge if antibiotic interactions are not robust to evolutionary adaptation.

For nearly 5 years serious scientists have watched theorists try to escape from the traps that were set by their predecessors. All intelligent people now realize that there is no such thing as evolution of a new species. There is only ecological variation and quantized energy-dependent ecological adaptations to the virus-driven theft of quantized energy that comes from sunlight and sustains the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in all living genera.
Reported as: The XV Collection: What Happens when the Antibiotic 1-2 Punch Backfires? (April 13, 2018)

Antibiotic-resistant mutants readily arise within almost any population of bacteria. If a population containing both susceptible and resistant mutants is treated with two antibiotics, the susceptible majority is, as expected, rapidly wiped out. But this also removes any competition for the resistant minority, enabling them to quickly grow and proliferate.

The food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in bacteria biophysically constrains the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA that links antibiotic resistance from mutations to all pathology.
Reported on June 14, 2013 as: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model

That extension of the vertebrate/mammalian model to invertebrates occurred as researchers integrated what was known about human pheromones and their effects on neuroendocrine systems during the development of human behavior (Kohl et al., ). Invertebrate research rapidly progressed to include the epigenetic effects of nutrients and pheromones on gene expression and on hormone-organized and hormone-activated behavioral transitions throughout life (Elekonich & Roberts, ), which is consistent with their epigenetic effects throughout the life of vertebrates, including mammals.

The honeybee model organism exemplifies what has been learned from the study of invertebrates (De Loof, Lindemans, Liu, De Groef, & Schoofs, ). This includes what has been learned about the epigenetic effects of nutrients and pheromones on juvenile hormone (JH).

See also: Pursuing Preprints, Preventing Pandemics: How pre-peer review posting can accelerate outbreak science

Preprints are scientific manuscripts posted online prior to or concurrent with submission for peer review and publication in a scientific journal. They offer opportunities to share data and findings sooner and to get broader community feedback before publication. During outbreaks, decisions that can save lives must often be made quickly and with little information. The fast, open nature of preprint posting can help address these needs.

The posting of most preprints on the bioRxiv server obfuscates what is known to serious scientists about biophysically constrained energy-dependent microRNA-mediated sympatric speciation. The consistent focus of most preprints places the findings into the context of evolution because that is what biologically uninformed theorists have been taught to believe in.

Until everyone admits that the creation of microRNAs is food energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction, the ability to respond to urgent and complex health challenges will be placed into the ridiculous context of evolutionary processes.

See for exception:  A transmissible RNA pathway in honey bees

…RNA extracted from worker and royal jellies harbor differential naturally occurring RNA populations. Some of these RNAs corresponded to honey bee protein-coding genes, transposable elements, non-coding RNA and exogenous viruses. These results reveal an inherent property of honey bees to share RNA among individuals and generations. Thus, our findings suggest a transmissible RNA pathway, playing a role in social immunity and epigenetic dynamics among honey bees and potentially other closely interacting organisms.

See for comparison: SLC6A4 binding site and acute prosocial effects of (+/-)-3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) are evolutionarily conserved in Octopus bimaculoides

Human and octopus lineages are separated by over 500 million years of evolution, and show divergent anatomical patterns of brain organization.

No experimental evidence of top-down causation or energy-dependent RNA interference suggests separation of the lineages by 500 million years of evolution.

See for comparison: Role of olfaction in Octopus vulgaris reproduction

From the concluding paragraph:

Future work on O. vulgaris olfaction must also consider how animals acquire the odours detected by the olfactory organ and what kind of odour the olfactory organ perceives. The OL acting as control centre may be target organ for metabolic hormones such as leptin like and insulin like peptides, and olfactory organ could exert regulatory action on the OL via epigenetic effects of nutrients and pheromones on gene expression (Kohl, 2013; Elekonich and Robinson, 2000).

See also: See Diamond et al., 1996: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

Elekonich and Robinson (2000) linked our 1996 Hormones and Behavior review of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation to the honeybee model of food energy-dependent biophysically constrained biodiversity.

Effects of hormones on brain and behavior occur through three mechanisms: (1) behaviors both organized and activated by hormones, (2) behaviors only organized by hormones, and (3) behaviors only activated by hormones (reviewed in Arnold and Breedlove, 1985; Diamond et al., 1996).”

See also: Honey bees as a model for understanding mechanisms of life history transitions

In this review we discuss the physiological and genetic mechanisms of this behavioral transition, which include large scale changes in hormonal activity, metabolism, flight ability, circadian rhythms, sensory perception and processing, neural architecture, learning ability, memory and gene expression.

See also: IAPV, a bee-affecting virus associated with Colony Collapse Disorder can be silenced by dsRNA ingestion (2009)

Here we report on RNAi-silencing of IAPV infection by feeding bees with double-stranded RNA, as an efficient and feasible way of controlling this viral disease. The association of CCD with IAPV is discussed, as well as the potential of controlling CCD.

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

The eternal significance of microRNAs (1) – revisited

I have never been forced to revisit a blog post on the day after it was posted, until now. The Scientist has misrepresented everything known to all serious scientists about the eternal significance of microRNAs in:
Sweet Tooth Gene Tied to Less Body Fat

“These results suggest that FGF21 has pleiotropic effects, with separate effects on macronutrient intake to those on body shape and blood pressure,” the authors write in their report.

My comment to The Scientist

See All About that Base (Meghan Trainor Parody) 12/10/14 from the Zechiedrich lab and their 2015 published work: Structural diversity of supercoiled DNA

A Common Allele in FGF21 Associated with Sugar Intake Is Associated with Body Shape, Lower Total Body-Fat Percentage, and Higher Blood Pressure is an open access publication.

The authors link one food energy-dependent change in a base pair from rs838133, which is an A/G/T single-nucleotide variation on human chromosome 19, to biophysically constrained viral latency and healthy longevity in the mouse-primate-human model of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

In that model, and in all model organisms feedback loops link what organisms eat to all morphological and behavioral diversity. See: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems

The atoms to ecosystems model of sympatric speciation refutes neo-Darwinian pseudoscentific nonsense by linking rs3827760, also known as 1540T/C, 370A, V370A, or Val370Ala, from a SNP in the ectodysplasin A receptor EDAR gene on chromosome 2 to conserved morphological and behavioral phenotypes in mice and humans.

My past comments to The Scientist may be removed before others can see how my 500+ comments have continued to attest to the facts about sympatric speciation since the time that Eugene Garfield posted his comment about “The Scent of Eros: Mysteries of Odor in Human Sexuality. See “Scent of a Book Deal” (1995)
We made a deal with the editor at Continuum Publishing  to include an attestation to mutations and evolution. I mentioned that to the late Eugene Garfield at the time I met with him in Minot, ND during a conference he funded in its entirety. His friend William Turner and I were among the few people who knew that Gene was present. He kept a low profile so that he could listen and learn.

Watering Young Plant - Vintage Effect

The eternal significance of microRNAs (1)

Common Allele Linked to Sugar Consumption Leads to Lower Body Fat, Higher Blood Pressure
One energy-dependent change in a base pair is linked from the FGF21 rs838133 variant to microRNA-mediated changes in morphology and behavior. The quantized energy as information link from microRNAs to morphology and behavior is common to my mouse-to-human model of sympatric speciation.

By linking the common allele to sugar consumption, the authors attest to the fact that sympatric speciation is quantized energy-dependent. Energy as information biophysically constrains viral latency in the context of the game Cytosis for ages 10+.
See also: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems
Theorists have been reluctant to comment on this invited review of nutritional epigenetics, which I posted to Figshare.com on 4/10/14. As of today, the model of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations / sympatric speciation has been available for 4 years.
In my mouse-to-human model, the variant is rs3827760, aka 1540T/C, 370A or Val370Ala. It is a SNP in the ectodysplasin A receptor EDAR gene on chromosome 2.
Summary: The energy-dependent creation of ATP synthase, ATP, microRNAs, messenger RNA, and supercoiled DNA biophysically constrains viral latency in the context of the “Levels of Biological Organization” I included in this presentation from 2010: Human Pheromones: Linking Neuroendocrinology and Ethology (revisited) See slide # 6.
See also, our award-winning 2001 review: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology

Witzhany2018

Sympatric speciation vs pseudoscientic nonsense (2)

This is how intermittent fasting protects us from viruses in the context of using stored fat for quantized energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair.
Fat cells converted into stem cells can repair any damaged tissues (video 3:48)
Some whales use the molecular mechanisms of quantized energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair during their migration, which is when they may not eat anything until after completing their route.
See for details: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (video 6:46)

Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Light induced energy-dependent changes link angstroms to ecosystems from classical physics to chemistry/chirality and to molecular epigenetics/autophagy. The National Microbiome Initiative links microbial quorum sensing to the physiology of reproduction via endogenous RNA interference and chromosomal rearrangements. The rearrangements link energy-dependent fixed amino acid substitutions to the Precision Medicine Initiative via genome wide inferences of natural selection.

This detailed representation of energy-dependent natural selection for codon optimality links biologically- based cause and effect from G protein-coupled receptors to RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and the functional structure of supercoiled DNA. Energy-dependent polycombic ecological adaptations are manifested in supercoiled DNA. Chromosomal inheritance links the adaptations from morphological phenotypes to healthy longevity via behavioral phenotypes. For contrast, virus-driven energy theft is the link from messenger RNA degradation to negative supercoiling, constraint breaking mutations, and hecatombic evolution.

The viral hecatomb links transgenerational epigenetic inheritance from archaea to Zika virus-damaged DNA, which typically is repaired by endogenous RNA interference and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in organized genomes.

Whales are often reported to be the largest creatures on Earth. Some some whales eat large amounts of small creatures. That fact links the sympatric speciation of microbes to the sympatric speciation of all life on Earth via the biophysically constrained energy of sunlight and physiology of reproduction in cyanobacteria.
Dependence of RNA synthesis in isolated thymus nuclei on glycolysis, oxidative carbohydrate catabolism and a type of “oxidative phosphorylation” (1964)

Isolated thymus nuclei transport amino acids into an intranuclear pool by a process which seems to depend on energy from nuclear ATP synthesis (20).

Long-range coherence and energy storage in biological systems (1968) Published in: International Journal of Quantum Chemistry

The supplied energy is thus not completely thermalized but stored in a highly ordered fashion.

This notice just appeared in my email inbox with the new title from Aeon: Weekend Reads: Quantum biology and what life wants.
See for comparison: What life wants (2012)

…given that this sense of purposefulness is how we identify life in the first place, perhaps we should resist conclusions that seem to wave it away too easily.

I don’t pretend to have answers to any of these questions. On the other hand, the speed of progress in fields that cross the boundaries between natural sciences – not least quantum biology – makes me optimistic that we will get some, sooner or later.

Aeon magazine continues to attempt to obfuscate their history of horrid misrepresentations exemplified in articles like this:
Quantum common sense (2017)

To turn quantum to classical, we don’t need a conscious mind to measure or look; we just need an environment full of stuff. With or without us, the Universe is always looking.

See the sidebar:

“We don’t need a conscious mind to measure or look. With or without us, the Universe is always looking”

See also: Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018
See also: What is life when it is not protected from virus driven entropy

The anti-entropic force of virucidal ultraviolet light links guanine–cytosine (G⋅C) Watson–Crick base pairing from hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution to supercoiled DNA, which protects the organized genomes of all living genera from virus-driven entropy. For example, protection of DNA from permanent UV damage occurs in the context of photosynthesis and nutrient-dependent RNA-directed DNA methylation, which links RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions to DNA repair. In the context of thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation, DNA repair enables the de novo creation of G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Olfactory receptor genes are GPCRs. The de novo creation of olfactory receptor genes links chemotaxis and phototaxis from foraging behavior to social behavior in species from microbes to humans. Foraging behavior links ecological variation to ecological adaptation in the context of this atoms to ecosystems model of biophysically constrained energy-dependent RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Protein folding chemistry links nutrient-dependent microRNAs from microRNA flanking sequences to energy transfer and cell type differentiation in the context of adhesion proteins, and supercoiled DNA that protects all organized genomes from virus-driven entropy.