Caption: Contemporary analyses of cell metabolism have called out three metabolites: ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA, as sentinel molecules whose accumulation represent much of the purpose of the catabolic arms of metabolism and then drive many anabolic pathways. Such analyses largely leave out how and why ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA (Figure 1) at the molecular level play such central roles. Yet, without those insights into why cells accumulate them and how the enabling properties of these key metabolites power much of cell metabolism, the underlying molecular logic remains mysterious. Four other metabolites, S-adenosylmethionine, carbamoyl phosphate, UDP-glucose, and Δ2-isopentenyl-PP play similar roles in using group transfer chemistry to drive otherwise unfavorable biosynthetic equilibria. This review provides the underlying chemical logic to remind how these seven key molecules function as mobile packets of cellular currencies for phosphoryl transfers (ATP), acyl transfers (acetyl-CoA, carbamoyl-P), methyl transfers (SAM), prenyl transfers (IPP), glucosyl transfers (UDP-glucose), and electron and ADP-ribosyl transfers (NAD(P)H/NAD(P)+) to drive metabolic transformations in and across most primary pathways. The eighth key metabolite is molecular oxygen (O2), thermodynamically activated for reduction by one electron path, leaving it kinetically stable to the vast majority of organic cellular metabolites

EDAR V370A and sympatric speciation

Nick Lane and others like him refuse to reappraise their human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma. All serious scientists know where the energy for recombination comes from. But, in his latest video clip, he touts the same unsubstantiated theoretical pseudoscientific nonsense.

See the: Aeon Video:

Life on earth – from mushrooms to humans and everything in between – seems enormously diverse. At the cellular level, however, almost all complex lifeforms are surprisingly similar. Why life is this way, though, remains mysterious. In this Aeon interview, the UK biochemist and author Nick Lane discusses his research on the connection between energy and genes, which, he hypothesises, made possible the radical transformation from single-celled organisms to complex life about 4 billion years ago.

See for comparison: Reappraising the human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma

I’ve asked the authors: Are you prepared to address the comments that you might receive from people like Nick Lane in the context of “peer review?” How will you respond to those who do not accept the fact that the creation of ATP synthase and the creation of ATP must be linked to the creation of RNA and biophysically constrained viral latency in the context of SNPs and fixation of amino acid substitutions? What can be done when biologically uninformed theorists continue to link anything except biophysically constrained viral latency to all biodiversity?

I ask because there are still too many examples of human idiocy that are being considered outside the context of facts about energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation.

See: Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant

See the claims about the selection of the EDAR variant placed back into the context of evolution.

Field-deployable viral diagnostics using CRISPR-Cas13

…we report the rapid (<1 week) design and testing of instrument-free assays to detect clinically relevant viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms.

The relevant energy-dependent single-nucleotide polymorphisms clearly protect all living genera from the clinically relevant viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The viral single-nucleotide polymorphisms link the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA to all pathology via what is known to all serious scientists about the energy-dependent creation of the innate immune system in species from bacteria to humans.

Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

The frequency of the human-specific EDAR V370A allele appears to be uniquely elevated in North and East Asian and New World populations due to a bout of positive selection likely to have occurred circa 20,000 y ago.

If any experimental evidence of biophysically constrained viral latency supported the claim about positive selection 20,000 y ago, it could be linked to Nick Lane’s claims about how chimeras and electricity allowed a sterile planet to give way to complex life 4 billion years ago. Since there is no experimental evidence to support his ridiculous theories, intelligent people may want to continue to link environmental selection from food selection to the physiology of reproduction and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions such as V370A that stabilize the organized genomes of all species on Earth.

Watering Young Plant - Vintage Effect

Environmental selection is natural selection (5)

Summary: Atheistic Chinese Communists realize that vaccinations cannot protect them. Their attempts to develop a universal vaccine have failed. Bill Gates promotes vaccinations, which led us to the brink of the next pandemic.

Vaccines prevent ecological adaptations in some cell types. Does Bill Gates, a non-scientist, think that people from God-fearing non-communist countries can do better than the atheistic Communists?

Bill Gates calls on U.S. to lead fight against a pandemic that could kill 33 million

Gates and his wife, Melinda, have repeatedly warned that a pandemic is the greatest immediate threat to humanity. Experts say the risk is high, because new pathogens are constantly emerging and the world is so interconnected.

New pathogens do not emerge. Read Quantico. The viruses that cause all pathology ecologically adapt by stealing the quantized energy that all differentiated cell types need to survive.

Bill Gates thinks a coming disease could kill 30 million people within 6 months — and says we should prepare for it as we do for war

If you were to tell the world’s governments that weapons that could kill 30 million people were under construction right now, there’d be a sense of urgency about preparing for the threat, Gates said.

The one time the military tried a sort of simulated war game against a smallpox pandemic, the final score was “smallpox one, humanity zero,” Gates said.

See also: Nov 17, 2016 Obama Advisers Urge Action Against CRISPR Bioterror Threat

…a strategy was developed in 2009, but it’s carried out by several government agencies in an uncoördinated approach…

Bill Gates has been promoting vaccinations as a strategy. The vaccinations led us to the brink of the pandemic. Vaccines prevent ecological adaptations in some cell types. The atheistic Chinese Communists now realize that vaccinations cannot protect them. Their attempts to develop a universal vaccine have failed, miserably. Does Bill Gates, a non-scientist, think that people from non-communist countries can do better than the atheistic Communists?
Perhaps he doesn’t know how South Korea forced the denuclearization of North Korea, which will probably lead to proclamations of world peace.
See: Engineered virus has artificial amino acid allowing it to serve as a vaccine (2016)

A team of researchers at Peking University has developed a new type of vaccine that they claim may allow for a new approach to generating live virus vaccines which could conceivably be adapted to any type of virus.

Their “new approach” failed. The uncoordinated strategy against the CRISPR bioterror threat has failed to address the established scientific facts. All ecological adaptations are quantized energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans. That fact is presented in the context of the Holy Bible, which explains why scientific creationists from South Korea were able to force denuclearization on atheistic communists.
Now Gates accuses the US Government (the Trump Administration?) of failing to protect US citizens.
On April 26, 2018, I discussed factual representations of biologically-based cause and effect that probably led to the death of Timothy J. Cunningham. I told a friend that Cunningham’s publication record clearly reveals his ability to link viruses to the failed differentiation of all cell types in all living genera.
See his publications on

1)”Racial Disparities in Age-Specific Mortality”
2) “Sex-specific relationships between adverse childhood experiences”
3) “Associations between antioxidants and all-cause mortality”
and
4) “Health and Safety Issues for Travelers”

What Bill Gates Fears Most may be the revelations of facts about vaccines. Gates seems to be still promoting the live (or dead) virus-containing vaccines that have failed to protect anyone since the time they were supposed to start protecting us all.
Is he aware that An error made in 1925 led to a crisis in modern science?
The error replaced the creation of energy with models of statistical significance as if the answer to the question “What is Life?” was akin to computers that automagically emerged with the energy to run themselves.
See also: Arrowsmith (1925). If Bill Gates had studied US history, he might have learned that the 1925 Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tennessee predicted that teaching neo-Darwinian evolution would cause the next pandemic.
Instead see: Gates Foundation launches $12M Grand Challenge for universal flu vaccine, as Bill Gates urges world to prepare for war on pandemics
When Europeans “invaded” the Americas, indigenous human populations were decimated by the virus-driven degradation of their messenger RNA. Few American Indians had the amino acid substitution that protected them from the virus-driven pathology manifested in the deep sea. The virus-driven pathology has been linked to all physical and mental diseases/disorders on Earth via the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic.
For comparison, everything known to all serious scientists about quantized energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation has been linked to biophysically constrained viral latency.
See: Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor and Cytosis.
See for comparison: Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk
The V370A adaptation came from populations in what is now Central China, but dietary changes eliminated the need for the adaptation in the Americas, where indigenous populations had adapted to other viruses. When Europeans introduced the viruses to indigenous populations on other continents, the 6,000 year history of ecological adaptations in species from mice to humans became clear.
See: Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant
The EDAR variant is V370A, which is also known as The ectodysplasin receptor variant (EDARV370A) and as rs3827760, which is also known as 1540T/C, 370A or Val370Ala. It is a SNP in the ectodysplasin A receptor EDAR gene on chromosome 2. The fact that one food energy-dependent variant in one SNP was linked from the creation of a receptor to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in species from mice to humans proved that environmental selection links quantized energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance from the creation of sunlight to viral latency in all living genera.
See for comparison: Here Are Michelle Wolf’s Boldest Moments At The White House Correspondents’ Dinner
See also the bold moves made by scientific creationists in South Korea, who forced the denuclearization of North Korea (in the same week as the “dinner”) with prior publication of two articles that link viruses to the decimation of populations of atheistic Communists.
Whether or not the US, and/or if South Korea invades, they could decimate the populations of atheists without firing more than one shot to deliver a payload of virus-modified yeasts. The lives of well-nourished troops could be saved for the take-over/occupation.
See:
1) A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses 4/13/18

Several amino acid mutations were identified in PB2, PB1, PA, BM2, and/or NS1 protein coding regions, and one concurrent lysine (K)-to-arginine (R) mutation in PA residue 338 (PA K338R) was found in both maVc_BR60 and maYm_WI01 viruses.

2) Emergence of Human G2P[4] Rotaviruses in the Post-vaccination Era in South Korea: Footprints of Multiple Interspecies Re-assortment Events 4/18/18

…17-24 amino acid changes, specifically A87T, D96N, S213D, and S242N substitutions in G2 epitopes, were observed.

See also: South Korea: Kim Seeks U.S. Guarantee Against Invasion

If the only thing atheistic Communists want is to not be invaded, they probably know that vaccines and nuclear weapons cannot protect them from the decimation that could be caused by a single amino acid substitution in a virus.

Why tempt our Creator to show them the error of their ways, when atheistic Communists do not believe in Him? Ask also, “Who killed Timothy J. Cunningham?” — and/or anyone else who is killed or goes missing during the transition to Global Peace.
See also:  [evol-psych] Sorry but Yahoo! groups have blocked all my news items — Robert Karl Stonjek 4/30/18
Wait for this to happen with the Human Ethology Yahoo group, where you can still find the atheistic pseudoscientific nonsense touted by the moderator, Jay R. Feierman.
See for example:
Variation is not nutrient availability and the something that is doing the selecting is not the individual organism. A feature of an educated person is to realize what they do not know. Sadly, you don’t know that you have an incorrect understanding [of] Darwinian biological evolution.
See also: I am absolutely certain that if you showed this statement to any professor of biology or genetics in any accredited university anywhere in the world that 100% of them would say that “Random mutations are the substrate upon which directional natural selection acts” is a correct and true statement.
See for comparison: Tracking niche variation over millennial timescales in sympatric killer whale lineages

  1. Ecological variation is the raw material by which natural selection can drive evolutionary divergence [1–4].
  2. The differences in amino acid composition among different tissues can lead to large differences in trophic discrimination [38].

Many evolutionary theorists and Big Bang cosmologists are among the hate-mongers who would rather combat Christianity than make any efforts towards Combating Evolution to Fight Disease.

(E) KEGG analysis of the common up- and downregulated mRNAs in NDV infection. The left panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the upregulated mRNAs, and the right panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the downregulated mRNAs.

The eternal significance of microRNAs (6)

Accurate representations of how mutations are linked to the ecological adaptations in viruses that kill us are required to end the stranglehold that pseudoscientists have held on medical research. The pseudoscientists and other theorists make claims about mutation-driven evolution or natural selection and evolution as if the effect of virus-driven energy theft was beneficial to species that have somehow evolved from other species.
Neo-Darwinian theories will cause the death of us all. But first they will kill all the chickens.
Common microRNA-mRNA Interactions in Different Newcastle Disease Virus-Infected Chicken Embryonic Visceral Tissues
figure 3 E (above) includes biosynthesis of amino acids but a word search for “amino acid” turns up nothing.

(E) KEGG analysis of the common up- and downregulated mRNAs in NDV infection. The left panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the upregulated mRNAs, and the right panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the downregulated mRNAs.

The pathways for the biosynthesis of amino acids link microRNA biogenesis from energy-dependent changes in base pairs to amino acid substitutions that stabilize or destabilize the organized genomes in the context of everything that could be learned by playing the cell biology game “Cytosis.”
Ages 10+ can learn how to protect all organized genomes from viruses in the context of the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction of humans, which biophysically constrains viral latency in species from microbes to humans.
One base pair change and one amino acid substitution (e.g., EDAR V370A) in a human host may be all that’s required to protect the organized genome from the virus-driven degradation of mRNA that has been linked to all pathology.
That means the virus-driven theft of quantized energy may link the change in the base pair to an amino acid substitution in the virus that stabilizes the virus. The 1918 Spanish flu was one example of what happens next. But no one knew why it happened until more recently.
See:  Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution (2013)

Koel et al. (p. 976) show that major antigenic change can be caused by single amino acid substitutions.

See also: A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses (2018)

…the PA K338R mutation may be a molecular determinant of IBV pathogenicity via modulating the viral polymerase function of IBVs.

Accurate representations of how mutations are linked to ecological adaptations in viruses are required to end the stranglehold that pseudoscientists have held on medical research. The pseudoscientists and other theorists make claims about mutation-driven evolution or natural selection and evolution as if the effect of virus-driven energy theft was beneficial to species that have somehow evolved from other species.
The most recent example of that nonsense may be the focus of several blog posts here.
See:  Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

…we investigate whether the population occupying Beringia during the LGM represents another example of human adaptation to an extreme environment, this time adapting to very low UV exposure (Fig. 1). There are two lines of genetic evidence for this: variation in the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster that modulates the manufacture of polyunsaturated fatty acids and variation in the ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR) gene that influences ectodermally derived structures, such as teeth, hair, and mammary gland ductal branching. A study on selection on the FADS gene cluster in the ancestral population of Native Americans has been published previously (13), but, here, we shift the emphasis from phenotypic effects on older adults to focus on those that influence fertility via breast milk.

They link the food energy-dependent creation of microRNAs in all mammals from the physiology of reproduction to biophysically constrained viral latency via one base pair change an a single amino acid substitution, EDAR V370A. They refuse to acknowledge the facts that link the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from the creation of microRNAs to viral latency in the mouse-to-human model, and fail to link what is known about what animals eat from the physiology of reproduction to the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of healthy longevity and fertility.
See: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression (2014)

The potential for sperm miRNA affecting zygote development has recently been reported in the literature [18] and has interesting implications for the use of sperm miRNA profiles as indicators of potential male fertility.

See also: Codon identity regulates mRNA stability and translation efficiency during the maternal-to-zygotic transition (2016)

The amino acid optimality code (Fig 6) provides an alternative perspective on sequence changes between paralogs in evolution and human disease.

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The chicken-livered (timid; fearful; cowardly) theorists who refuse to admit that their ridiculous theories have led to the unnecessary suffering and premature death of millions to billions of people and other mammals, have brought us all to the brink of extinction.
Does any intelligent person think that humans will evolve another protective variant allele like the EDAR V370A variant before humanity — as we know it know – ceases to exist?
Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

The frequency of the human-specific EDAR V370A allele appears to be uniquely elevated in North and East Asian and New World populations due to a bout of positive selection likely to have occurred circa 20,000 y ago.

 
 
 
 
 
 

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

The eternal significance of microRNAs (1) – revisited

I have never been forced to revisit a blog post on the day after it was posted, until now. The Scientist has misrepresented everything known to all serious scientists about the eternal significance of microRNAs in:
Sweet Tooth Gene Tied to Less Body Fat

“These results suggest that FGF21 has pleiotropic effects, with separate effects on macronutrient intake to those on body shape and blood pressure,” the authors write in their report.

My comment to The Scientist

See All About that Base (Meghan Trainor Parody) 12/10/14 from the Zechiedrich lab and their 2015 published work: Structural diversity of supercoiled DNA

A Common Allele in FGF21 Associated with Sugar Intake Is Associated with Body Shape, Lower Total Body-Fat Percentage, and Higher Blood Pressure is an open access publication.

The authors link one food energy-dependent change in a base pair from rs838133, which is an A/G/T single-nucleotide variation on human chromosome 19, to biophysically constrained viral latency and healthy longevity in the mouse-primate-human model of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

In that model, and in all model organisms feedback loops link what organisms eat to all morphological and behavioral diversity. See: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems

The atoms to ecosystems model of sympatric speciation refutes neo-Darwinian pseudoscentific nonsense by linking rs3827760, also known as 1540T/C, 370A, V370A, or Val370Ala, from a SNP in the ectodysplasin A receptor EDAR gene on chromosome 2 to conserved morphological and behavioral phenotypes in mice and humans.

My past comments to The Scientist may be removed before others can see how my 500+ comments have continued to attest to the facts about sympatric speciation since the time that Eugene Garfield posted his comment about “The Scent of Eros: Mysteries of Odor in Human Sexuality. See “Scent of a Book Deal” (1995)
We made a deal with the editor at Continuum Publishing  to include an attestation to mutations and evolution. I mentioned that to the late Eugene Garfield at the time I met with him in Minot, ND during a conference he funded in its entirety. His friend William Turner and I were among the few people who knew that Gene was present. He kept a low profile so that he could listen and learn.

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

Enzyme-constrained interethnic biodiversity (1)

Excerpt: Summaries of mutation categories: The summaries attest to the fact that human interethnic biodiversity can be linked to all biodiversity via the food energy-dependent creation of enzymes and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction, which link autophagy to biophysically constrained viral latency.
Immune Issue

…the findings are “not a show stopper, but the field needs to know about this…

Investors are stopping the Zhang-Church-Doudna show. Some were prepared to invest in energy-dependent RNA interference, which biophysically constrains viral latency.The way forward was predicted in 1999 with publication of RNA-triggered gene silencing and revisited with publication of Get Well in the RNAi Way-RNAi, A Billion Dollar Baby in Therapy

RNAi based drugs have now advanced steps closer towards clinical trials. The powerful in-vivo RNAi machinery and its delicate factors apprehend that RNAi-dependent therapies might create a billion dollar business against the pathogenic organisms and disease for which treatment options are currently restricted conventionally.

Food energy-dependent microRNA-mediated amino acid substitutions biophysically constrain viral latency and all serious scientists know that.
See: The tipping point (revisited): 68,000 publications

The “…miRNA-mediated regulation of enzymes and transporters affecting drug metabolism…” links the National Microbiome Initiative to the Precision Medicine Initiative and to all healthy longevity or to all virus-driven pathology in all living genera via differences in energy as information.

See for another example: A homozygous founder missense variant in arylsulfatase G abolishes its enzymatic activity causing atypical Usher syndrome in humans

The identified variant affected a fully conserved amino acid that is part of the catalytic site of the enzyme.

Reported as: Biochemists confirm existence of theoretical genetic disorder

Now that the cause of the symptoms is known [i.e., the loss of the conserved amino acid substitution], it is possible to think about an enzyme replacement therapy for the patients [whose symptoms are obviously caused by the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA, which links the missense variation and all other mutations to all pathology via the loss of fixed amino acid substitutions in all living genera].

The enzyme replacement therapy would not be required in the context of what is known to all serious scientists about energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in all living genera. See for examples of what is known about the conserved amino acid substitution on page 19 of this sample report. The creation of CYP enzymes clearly links the food that people eat to healthy longevity. Alternatively, the virus-driven theft of quantized energy can be linked to the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA and all pathology, which traditional medicine has attempted to treat with pharmaceuticals and/or surgery.
Alpha Genomix download a Sample report
See for details of how biophysically constrained viral latency is linked from the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs to all biodiversity in the context of a model that links atoms to ecosystems and refutes all theoretical pseudoscientific nonsense.

Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems 4/10/14

…the explanatory power of a model of ecological variation and biophysically constrained nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations became clear with companion papers published in 2013. See for review [30].

The companion papers [162-163] told a new short story of ecological adaptations. In the context of climate change and changes in diet, the story began with what probably was a nutrient-dependent base pair change and a variant epiallele that arose in a human population in what is now central China.

————————-

30) Kohl, J. V., Nutrient–dependent / pheromone–controlled adaptive evolution: a model. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology 2013, 3. doi: 10.3402/snp.v3i0.20553

162) Kamberov, Yana G.; Wang, S.; Tan, J.; Gerbault, P.; Wark, A.; Tan, L.; Yang, Y.; Li, S.; Tang, K.; Chen, H., et al., Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant. Cell 2013, 152 (4), 691-702. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.01.016

163 Grossman, Sharon R.; Andersen, Kristian G.; Shlyakhter, I.; Tabrizi, S.; Winnicki, S.; Yen, A.; Park, Daniel J.; Griesemer, D.; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Wong, Sunny H., et al., Identifying Recent Adaptations in Large-Scale Genomic Data. Cell 2013, 152 (4), 703-713. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.01.035

The naturally selected food energy-dependent EDAR variant and two amino acid substitutions have since been linked to human interethnic biodiversity in the context of other energy-dependent RNA-mediated fixation of all amino acids in all cell types of all individuals of all living genera.
See: Brief report: Geographic variation in EGFR mutation frequency in lung adenocarcinoma may be explained by interethnic genetic variation  The full article can be downloaded from here:
G180A (aka ABCC11, Gly180Ala) and V370A (aka 1540T/C, 370A or Val370Ala) are established biomarkers of East Asian ancestry. Taken together, the two amino acid substitutions clearly linked rs17822931 and rs3827760 respectively to other food energy-dependent changes in base pairs via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction and biophysically constrained interethnic biodiversity in a human population.
Val370Ala is a single nucleotide polynmorphism (SNP) in the ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR) gene on chromosome 2. The adaptive variant links food energy-dependent changes in immunity from the mouse model to human biodiversity via autophagy, the innate antiphage defense mechanism.
Eighteen years ago, Gly180Ala was linked from the creation of ATP to the creation of RNA and all food energy-dependent  hemoglobin variants via the publication of Rotation of F(1)-ATPase and the hinge residues of the beta subunit

The mean work done by a 120 degrees step was approximately 80 pN nm, a value close to the free energy liberated by hydrolysis of one ATP molecule, implying nearly 100% efficiency of energy conversion. The torque is probably generated by the beta subunit, which undergoes large opening-closing domain motion upon binding of AT(D)P. We identified three hinge residues, betaHis179, betaGly180 and betaGly181, whose peptide bond dihedral angles are drastically changed during domain motion. Simultaneous substitution of these residues with alanine resulted in nearly complete loss (99%) of ATPase activity.

Simply put, the Val370Ala and Gly180Ala substitutions exemplify how the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight is biophysically constrained by the substitution of achiral glycine in position 6 of the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) decapeptide and the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled fixation of other amino acid substitution that differentiate all cell types in all living genera. In humans.
For example, more than 1700 hemoglobin variants have bee linked to interethnic bidiversity and to primate species biodiversity via the nutrient energy-dependent pheromone-controlled fixation of one or more amino acid substitutions in the organized genomes of humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas.
See: Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution (1973)

For example, the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.

See for updates: Updates of the HbVar database of human hemoglobin variants and thalassemia mutations

Single nucleotide substitutions or indels [INsertions/DELetionS] can lead to several hemoglobin variants owing to amino acid replacements, while molecular defects in either regulatory or coding regions of the human HBA2, HBA1, HBB or HBD genes can minimally or drastically reduce their expression, leading to α-, β- or δ-thalassemia, respectively.

The nucleotide substitutions are food energy-dependent. The virus-driven theft of quantized energy causes the deletions. Ecological variation links the ability to find food to ecological adaptations only in the context of the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction, which biophysically constrains viral latency during the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of healthy morphological and behavioral phenotypes.
See also: HbVar: A Database of Human Hemoglobin Variants and Thalassemias: Summaries of mutation categories
The summaries attest to the fact that food energy-dependent human interethnic biodiversity can be linked to all biodiversity via the creation of enzymes and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction, which link autophagy to biophysically constrained viral latency.
Re: Monetization of these facts: First, consider short-selling the stocks of companies that have built their capitalization on ridiculous claims that link mutations to evolution. Those claims disappeared with release of the cell biology game “Cytosis.”
Next, buy or lease one — or all three — of the following domains from the owner / founder of the only domains that have continued to disseminate the facts about pheromone constrained viral latency, since 1995 (which is when I founded Pheromones.com). Then RNA-mediated.com. Then Autophagy.pro.
If you have any doubts about what your future holds, see: