An evolutionary theory killer

ATP and RNA-mediated chromosomal stability

Cytosis, a cell biology game for ages 10+ links ATP to viral latency and the protection of all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA that serious scientists have linked to all pathology.
It is time for a new measure of cell function: Quantifying Cellular ATP Production Rate…(2018)

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the most common high energy intermediate of living organisms. Cells utilize the energy derived from the breakdown of cellular fuels to synthesize ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate. The free energy released from ATP hydrolysis is then used to sustain various cellular functions such as growth, movement, and response to the environment. Mammalian cells tightly regulate production and consumption of ATP – i.e. supply and demand are balanced to maintain intracellular ATP levels quite constant. Therefore, measuring the rate of ATP production enables a view into cellular function that is not provided by simply measuring the amount of ATP in the cell. The Agilent Seahorse XF Real-Time ATP Production Rate Assay quantifies ATP Production Rates from mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis in real time with live cells providing a unique insight into cellular phenotype and function.

See also: Ferrick DA Remember that ATP does not create itself. The creation of ATP and the creation of RNA are energy-dependent and biophysically constrained by the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight.
For example: Assessment of drug-induced mitochondrial dysfunction via altered cellular respiration and acidification measured in a 96-well platform

…respiration and acidification changes upon addition of the thiazoldinediones were cell-type specific, with the rank order of mitochondrial impairment in whole cells being in accord with the known adverse effects of these drugs.

Cell-type specific drugs alter the mitochodrial production of ATP, which alters the production of RNA via changes in the potential of hydrogen (pH).
See also:  Analysis and interpretation of microplate-based oxygen consumption and pH data

…this chapter also provides a detailed accounting of proton production during glucose oxidation in the context of plate-based assays.

Difference in proton production link differences in the energy of photons from the proton motive force and proton gradients to energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation.
Pseudoscientists and other theorists complain about so-called predatory publishing and use their complaints to attack anyone who does not “toe the line” of dogmatic consensus. See for example: OMICS Publishing Group
See also: Prominent Cell Biologist Fired After Data Manipulation Investigation

The University of Tokyo confirmed last August that Yoshinori Watanabe tampered with research-related images, and dismissed him in late April.

In 2015, his group stomped on the toes of biologically uninformed theorists. The group published:
The inner centromere–shugoshin network prevents chromosomal instability

Artificial restoration of the ICS network suppresses chromosome segregation errors in a wide range of CIN+ cells, including RB- and BRCA1-deficient cells. Thus, dysfunction of the ICS network might be a key mechanism underlying CIN in human tumorigenesis.

Food energy-dependent RNA-interference has since emerged as an effective treatment for all chromosomal instability, which appears to be caused by the virus-driven theft of quantized energy.
Additional details about energy-dependent healthy longevity will be found in the Science Behind the Game Subatomic which will link biophysically constrained viral latency from Cytosis to all biophysically constrained biodiversity via what organisms eat and the physiology of their pheromone-controlled reproduction.
See also: New EU-wide tests to tackle ‘food apartheid’

…recent comparisons of food samples showed that big Western brands use cheaper ingredients in products sold in former communist countries.

The cheaper ingredients could alter the innate immunity of human populations in former Communist countries, where God-less Communism was supported by ridiculous theories.
See: Darwinian Theory Proved by Video Game? Robert J. Marks Begs to Differ (2017)

We’ve begun developing support materials for teachers and students to help them use ‘Darwin’s Demons’ to demonstrate and teach evolutionary concepts.

A National Science Foundation grant for evolution studies helped pay for the project.

Conclusion:

Adaptation, if anything, demonstrates intelligent design, not Darwinism. Of course they won’t tell you that at the University of Idaho, or most anywhere else. Instead they’ll stick you in front of a video game and tell you the stale, old fable.

Ecological models of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled biophysically constrained adaptations have replaced evolutionary concepts except within the school system of the US and other backward countries.
See: Israeli Middle Schools School to Include Theory of Evolution

…learning about evolution is not the primary function of the decision, but rather to use it as a building block for students to learn more about their ecology.

All serious scientist know the difference between evolution and adaptation.
See:  Are Evolution and Adaptation the Same? (2018)
The energy-dependent de novo creation of the cell links ATP to RNA biosynthesis and the physiology of reproduction via food odors and pheromones in the context of this board game.

Cytosis is a worker placement game that takes place inside a Human Cell! Players utilize the organelles within a cell to collect cellular resources such as mRNA from the Nucleus, Lipids from the Smooth E.R., ATP from the Mitochondria, etc. and score points when they use these resources to complete Hormones, Receptors or Enzymes!

It refutes neo-Darwinian pseudoscientific nonsense by starting with Darwin’s energy-dependent “conditions of life.”

Conditions of life are mediated by RNA interference. See also: RNA-Guided Human Genome Engineering 

Caption: Contemporary analyses of cell metabolism have called out three metabolites: ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA, as sentinel molecules whose accumulation represent much of the purpose of the catabolic arms of metabolism and then drive many anabolic pathways. Such analyses largely leave out how and why ATP, NADH, and acetyl-CoA (Figure 1) at the molecular level play such central roles. Yet, without those insights into why cells accumulate them and how the enabling properties of these key metabolites power much of cell metabolism, the underlying molecular logic remains mysterious. Four other metabolites, S-adenosylmethionine, carbamoyl phosphate, UDP-glucose, and Δ2-isopentenyl-PP play similar roles in using group transfer chemistry to drive otherwise unfavorable biosynthetic equilibria. This review provides the underlying chemical logic to remind how these seven key molecules function as mobile packets of cellular currencies for phosphoryl transfers (ATP), acyl transfers (acetyl-CoA, carbamoyl-P), methyl transfers (SAM), prenyl transfers (IPP), glucosyl transfers (UDP-glucose), and electron and ADP-ribosyl transfers (NAD(P)H/NAD(P)+) to drive metabolic transformations in and across most primary pathways. The eighth key metabolite is molecular oxygen (O2), thermodynamically activated for reduction by one electron path, leaving it kinetically stable to the vast majority of organic cellular metabolites

Virus-driven cystinosis

A friend asked about nephropathic cystinosis, which is a disease caused by the virus-driven theft of quantized energy. All serious scientists have linked viruses from the degradation of messenger RNA to mutations and all pathology.

Nephropathic cystinosis (NC) is the most frequent cause of Fanconi syndrome (FS) in young children. It will be linked from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA to azoospermia and/or progressive neuromuscular degeneration via the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation compared to mechanisms that link viruses to mitochondrial degeneration.

See: Impact of atypical mitochondrial cyclic-AMP level in nephropathic cystinosis

Treatment with the non-hydrolysable cAMP analog 8-Br-cAMP restored mitochondrial potential and corrected mitochondria morphology. Treatment with cysteamine, which reduces the intra-lysosomal cystine, was able to restore mitochondrial cAMP levels, as well as most other abnormal mitochondrial findings.

The link to treatment of the atypical mitochondrial cyclic-AMP level has not yet been detailed because biologically uninformed science idiots have linked mutations to evolution. But see: Combating Evolution to Fight Disease  and the preprint: Reappraising the human mitochondrial DNA recombination dogma 

The facts about human mitochondrial DNA recombination, which link quantized energy and supercoiled DNA to viral latency, played a significant role in North Korea’s denuclearization. But that fact may not be accepted until the article on human mitochondrial DNA recombination is published in a peer-reviewed journal.

It will then take several more years for medical practitioners to learn how to effectively treat all diseases with food energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance.

See for details: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference

Until all pseudoscientists accept the facts, there will be many others who try to profit from misinformation or from partial information about virus-driven pathology. Most people will not read my reviews and journal articles like this:  MicroRNA Regulation of RNA Virus Replication and Pathogenesis

Instead, most are willing to accept the claims of others who have “blown the whistle” on vaccines more than two decades after I first published this review of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in a peer-reviewed journal. From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

See:  Doctor Blows Whistle on Flu Shot: ‘It’s Designed to Spread Cancer’

Treague confirmed that this year’s flu strain, that has left thousands of citizens dead, was caused by the vaccines itself, saying: “I believe that the low effective rate of the vaccine this year is due to the mutations that the virus made in the processing of the vaccine itself.

Claims that viruses make mutations are the claims of fools who do not know that the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA has been linked from mutations to all pathology in more than 72,000 published works.

See: microRNA

(E) KEGG analysis of the common up- and downregulated mRNAs in NDV infection. The left panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the upregulated mRNAs, and the right panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the downregulated mRNAs.

The eternal significance of microRNAs (6)

Accurate representations of how mutations are linked to the ecological adaptations in viruses that kill us are required to end the stranglehold that pseudoscientists have held on medical research. The pseudoscientists and other theorists make claims about mutation-driven evolution or natural selection and evolution as if the effect of virus-driven energy theft was beneficial to species that have somehow evolved from other species.
Neo-Darwinian theories will cause the death of us all. But first they will kill all the chickens.
Common microRNA-mRNA Interactions in Different Newcastle Disease Virus-Infected Chicken Embryonic Visceral Tissues
figure 3 E (above) includes biosynthesis of amino acids but a word search for “amino acid” turns up nothing.

(E) KEGG analysis of the common up- and downregulated mRNAs in NDV infection. The left panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the upregulated mRNAs, and the right panel shows the KEGG enrichment analysis of each of the top 20 significant differences in the downregulated mRNAs.

The pathways for the biosynthesis of amino acids link microRNA biogenesis from energy-dependent changes in base pairs to amino acid substitutions that stabilize or destabilize the organized genomes in the context of everything that could be learned by playing the cell biology game “Cytosis.”
Ages 10+ can learn how to protect all organized genomes from viruses in the context of the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction of humans, which biophysically constrains viral latency in species from microbes to humans.
One base pair change and one amino acid substitution (e.g., EDAR V370A) in a human host may be all that’s required to protect the organized genome from the virus-driven degradation of mRNA that has been linked to all pathology.
That means the virus-driven theft of quantized energy may link the change in the base pair to an amino acid substitution in the virus that stabilizes the virus. The 1918 Spanish flu was one example of what happens next. But no one knew why it happened until more recently.
See:  Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution (2013)

Koel et al. (p. 976) show that major antigenic change can be caused by single amino acid substitutions.

See also: A Single Amino Acid at the Polymerase Acidic Protein Determines the Pathogenicity of Influenza B Viruses (2018)

…the PA K338R mutation may be a molecular determinant of IBV pathogenicity via modulating the viral polymerase function of IBVs.

Accurate representations of how mutations are linked to ecological adaptations in viruses are required to end the stranglehold that pseudoscientists have held on medical research. The pseudoscientists and other theorists make claims about mutation-driven evolution or natural selection and evolution as if the effect of virus-driven energy theft was beneficial to species that have somehow evolved from other species.
The most recent example of that nonsense may be the focus of several blog posts here.
See:  Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

…we investigate whether the population occupying Beringia during the LGM represents another example of human adaptation to an extreme environment, this time adapting to very low UV exposure (Fig. 1). There are two lines of genetic evidence for this: variation in the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster that modulates the manufacture of polyunsaturated fatty acids and variation in the ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR) gene that influences ectodermally derived structures, such as teeth, hair, and mammary gland ductal branching. A study on selection on the FADS gene cluster in the ancestral population of Native Americans has been published previously (13), but, here, we shift the emphasis from phenotypic effects on older adults to focus on those that influence fertility via breast milk.

They link the food energy-dependent creation of microRNAs in all mammals from the physiology of reproduction to biophysically constrained viral latency via one base pair change an a single amino acid substitution, EDAR V370A. They refuse to acknowledge the facts that link the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from the creation of microRNAs to viral latency in the mouse-to-human model, and fail to link what is known about what animals eat from the physiology of reproduction to the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of healthy longevity and fertility.
See: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression (2014)

The potential for sperm miRNA affecting zygote development has recently been reported in the literature [18] and has interesting implications for the use of sperm miRNA profiles as indicators of potential male fertility.

See also: Codon identity regulates mRNA stability and translation efficiency during the maternal-to-zygotic transition (2016)

The amino acid optimality code (Fig 6) provides an alternative perspective on sequence changes between paralogs in evolution and human disease.

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The chicken-livered (timid; fearful; cowardly) theorists who refuse to admit that their ridiculous theories have led to the unnecessary suffering and premature death of millions to billions of people and other mammals, have brought us all to the brink of extinction.
Does any intelligent person think that humans will evolve another protective variant allele like the EDAR V370A variant before humanity — as we know it know – ceases to exist?
Environmental selection during the last ice age on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids through breast milk

The frequency of the human-specific EDAR V370A allele appears to be uniquely elevated in North and East Asian and New World populations due to a bout of positive selection likely to have occurred circa 20,000 y ago.

 
 
 
 
 
 

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

Nick Lane refutes theistic evolution (1)

Neo-Darwinian theorists and others who are biologically uninformed will learn this in September (2018).
Synopsis: The difference in two photons has been linked to the Proton motive force. It drives the activity of the enzyme, ATP synthase, which makes ATP. All energy-dependent biophysically constrained viral latency has since been linked from the creation of ATP synthase and the creaton of ATP to changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance and healthy longevity. For comparison, the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA has been linked to all pathology.
There is no such thing as an intrinsic biogeochemical cycle of energy-dependent protein biosynthesis. Light activated endogenous substrates are required for energy-dependent protein biosynthesis. Energy-dependent biophysical constraints on protein biosynthesis link the intrinsic biogeochemical cycle to biophysical constraints on the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA.
After the presentations during Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018, some theorists may need to be placed on a suicide watch due to the availability of “Cytosis” and the ability of students aged 10+ to learn more about cell biology than theorists have learned during the past 75 years.
See for example: Hard Two-Photon Contribution to Elastic Lepton-Proton Scattering Determined by the OLYMPUS Experiment (2017)
Reported as: OLYMPUS experiment sheds light on structure of protons

…unlike the theoretical predictions, analysis of the OLYMPUS measurements suggests that, most of the time, only one of the photons has high energy, while the other must carry very little energy indeed…

The link from differences in the energy of photons to the amount of ATP that must be be biophysically constrained has been largely ignored since the time that McEwen et al., (1964) linked the creation of ATP to the creation of RNA via oxidative phosphorylation.
Dependence of RNA synthesis in isolated thymus nuclei on glycolysis, oxidative carbohydrate catabolism and a type of “oxidative phosphorylation”

The synthesis of RNA in isolated thymus nuclei is ATP dependent.

The difference in two photons have been linked to the Proton motive force. It drives the activity of the enzyme, ATP synthase, which makes ATP. All energy-dependent biophysically constrained viral latency has since been linked from the creation of ATP synthase and the creaton of ATP to changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance and healthy longevity. For comparison, the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA has been linked to all pathology.
See for instance this 6-7 minute-long video: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (February 15, 2017)

Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Light induced energy-dependent changes link angstroms to ecosystems from classical physics to chemistry/chirality and to molecular epigenetics/autophagy.

See for comparison: The energy expansions of evolution (April 28, 2017) with my emphasis.

Sunlight is a consequence of the planet’s position in the Solar System, whereas geochemical energy is an intrinsic property of the Earth. Geochemical energy arises when water reacts with basalts and other rocks…

Although sources of geochemical energy can be at or near Earth’s surface, they need not be: many are deep within the planet, out of reach of sunlight.

That fact became clear in the context of bacteria that eat electrons and the physiology of their reproduction, which was linked to the creation of uranium isotopes.
See: Biogenic non-crystalline U(IV) revealed as major component in uranium ore deposits

Many low-temperature ores display similar isotopic fractionation59,60 as found here suggesting an under-recognized importance of biological processes in roll-front ore formation.

The origin of microbial life and the creation of uranium ores via the energy-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in bacteria appears to have gone missing in the context of pseudoscientific nonsense touted by theorists who are already scheduled to present during: Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018
 
See also: Proton gradients at the origin of life (May 16, 2017) by Nick Lane
People like Nick Lane still claim that biochemistry emerged from geochemistry. They link the origins of biochemistry to the emergence of genetically encoded catalysts, such as ribozymes, ATP synthase and other enzymes. Then they proceed to tell others about naturally occurring evolutionary processes. The evolutionary processes supposedly link the automagical creation of ATP sythase in some geochemical settings to the biochemistry of our last universal common ancestor (LUCA).
See: Evolution of ATP Synthase (Video) Jackson Wheat claims that ATP and ATP synthase might link the Last Universal Common Ancestor to the evolution of all biodiversity on Earth.
See for comparison the claim from A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution

Amino acid composition of proteins varies substantially between taxa and, thus, can evolve.

The magic and logic of evolution now start with the evolution of an enzyme (ATP synthase) linked from ATP to the creation of RNA and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate all cell types in all living genera only in the context of the physiology of energy-dependent biophysically constrained reproduction.
See for comparison: Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor

We show here for the first time the crucial role of viruses in controlling archaeal dynamics and therefore the functioning of deep-sea ecosystems, and suggest that virus-archaea interactions play a central role in global biogeochemical cycles.

Unfortunately, Nick Lane and others appear to initially missed the connection from the virus-driven theft of quantized energy to the creation of archaea from bacteria. He reported the bioenergetic basis for divergence as if DNA replication somehow arose in LUCA outside the context of everything known to serious scientists about the biophysically constrained top-down energy-dependent creation of membranes.
See: A Bioenergetic Basis for Membrane Divergence in Archaea and Bacteria (2014)

Because the bacterial replicon is attached to the plasma membrane during cell division [58]–[60], this complex presumably arose after (or coevolved with) the bacterial membrane, which must have driven a deep phylogenetic disparity, even if DNA replication had arisen in LUCA.

Anyone who still touts claims of emergence or pretends to think that the complexity of the plasma membrane in bacterial replicons automagically arose or coevolved in the context of phylogenetic disparities, may want to attend Schrödinger at 75 and laugh at the nonsense touted by Nick Lane and other neo-Darwinian theorists who are scheduled to present.
See: Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018
Nick Lane is an evolutionary biochemist
Beth Shapiro is an evolutionary biologist
Svante Pääbo is a Swedish biologist specialising in evolutionary genetics.
In 2012, I attended a conference presentation on microRNAs and the speaker confirmed the fact that every aspect of cell type differentiation occurs downstream from changes in microRNAs. He claimed that is what had been learned during the past 10 years. I confirmed that others who attended his presentation also knew the facts about biophysically constrained RNA-mediated cell type differentiation before publishing a refutation of neo-Darwinian nonsense in 2013.
See: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model
After the presentations during Schrödinger at 75, all neo-Darwinian theorists and most big bang cosmologists who have no valid model for comparison may need to be placed on a “suicide watch” for losers.
Kalevi Kull: Censorship & Royal Society Evo Event (2016)

Nobody wants to belong to the party of losers. One of the best strategies in such a case is evidently an interpretation of the change as a gradual accumulation of knowledge while their work has always been at the cutting edge.

Published works by people like Nick Lane, Beth Shapiro, and Svante Pääbo have not been at the cutting edge since 1964.
See: Biology, molecular and organismic

The notion has gained some currency that the only worthwhile biology is molecular biology. All else is “bird watching” or “butterfly collecting.” Bird watching and butterfly collecting are occupations manifestly unworthy of serious scientists! I have heard a man whose official title happens to be Professor of Zoology declare to an assembly of his colleagues that “a good man cannot teach zoology. A good man can teach, of course, only molecular biology.

Ingram and others found that hemoglobin S differs from A in the substitution of just a single amino acid, valine in place of glutamic acid in the beta chain of the hemoglobin molecule.

See also: Patterns of shared signatures of recent positive selection across human populations

…we present a catalogue of selective sweeps in humans, and identify those that overlap and share a sweeping haplotype. We connect these sweep overlaps with potential biological mechanisms at several loci, including potential new sites of adaptive introgression, the glycophorin locus associated with malarial resistance and the alcohol dehydrogenase cluster associated with alcohol dependency.

The failed pattern recognition of biologically uninformed theorists has led serious scientists to proclaim that the pseudoscientists have no way out. Every aspect of life on Earth is energy-dependent, RNA-mediated and biophysically constrained in the context of viral latency.
See: No way out: when RNA elements promote nuclear retention

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

George Church refutes theistic evolution (4)

See: George Church refutes theistic evolution (February 9, 2017)
See also: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (February 15, 2017)

Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Light induced energy-dependent changes link angstroms to ecosystems from classical physics to chemistry/chirality and to molecular epigenetics/autophagy. The National Microbiome Initiative links microbial quorum sensing to the physiology of reproduction via endogenous RNA interference and chromosomal rearrangements. The rearrangements link energy-dependent fixed amino acid substitutions to the Precision Medicine Initiative via genome wide inferences of natural selection.

This detailed representation of energy-dependent natural selection for codon optimality links biologically- based cause and effect from G protein-coupled receptors to RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and the functional structure of supercoiled DNA. Energy-dependent polycombic ecological adaptations are manifested in supercoiled DNA. Chromosomal inheritance links the adaptations from morphological phenotypes to healthy longevity via behavioral phenotypes. For contrast, virus-driven energy theft is the link from messenger RNA degradation to negative supercoiling, constraint breaking mutations, and hecatombic evolution. The viral hecatomb links transgenerational epigenetic inheritance from archaea to Zika virus-damaged DNA, which typically is repaired by endogenous RNA interference and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in organized genomes.

See for comparison: Church Speaks  George Church (February 14, 2018)

[Arctic grass and] cyanobacteria, on the other hand, they fix [carbon]. Cyanobacteria turn carbon dioxide, a global warming gas, into carbohydrates and other carbon-containing polymers, which sequester the carbon so that they’re no longer global warming gases. They turn it into their own bodies. They do this on such a big scale that about 15 percent of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is fixed every year by these cyanobacteria, which is roughly the amount that we’re off from the pre-industrial era. If all of the material that they fix didn’t turn back into carbon dioxide, we’d have solved the global warming problem in a year or two. The reality, however, is that almost as soon as they divide and make baby bacteria, phages break them open, spilling their guts, and they start turning into carbon dioxide. Then all the other things around them start chomping on the bits left over from the phages.

The anti-entropic virucidal quantized energy of sunlight links the creation of ATP to the creation of microRNAs and changes in the energy-dependent microRNA/messenger RNA balance, which link what organisms eat to RNA-mediated fixation of amino acid substitutions that differentiate all cell types in all individuals of all living genera. Simply put, sunlight, food energy, and pheromones biophysically constrain the DNA damage that is done by phages.
Release of the cell biology game “Cytosis” and the forthcoming conference Evolution – Genetic Novelty/Genomic Variations by RNA Networks and Viruses (4 – 8 July 2018 Salzburg – Austria) have forced George Church and others like him to begin telling the scientific truth about how the virus-driven theft of quantized energy is either biophysically constrained, or linked from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA to mutations and all pathology.

Preliminary List of Confirmed Speakers (41)
Chantal Abergel >
Aix-Marseille University, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Information Génomique & Structurale, Marseille, France
Gustavo Caetano Anolles >
Department of Crop Sciences, Evolutionary Bioinformatics Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, USA.
Marlene Belfort >

Department of Biological Sciences and RNA Institute, University at Albany, New York, USA
Felix Broecker >
Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Julian Chen >
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
Jean-Michel Claverie >
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France
Bryan Cullen >
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology and Center for Virology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, USA
Valerian Dolja >

Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA
Cedric Feschotte >
Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, USA
Matthias Fischer >
Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Heidelberg, Germany
David Gilmer >
Institut de biologie moléculaire des plantes, Integrative virology, Strasbourg, France
Reynald Gillet >
Université de Rennes 1, Translation and Folding Team, Rennes cedex, France Institut Universitaire de France
Jordi Gomez >
Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina ‘López-Neyra’ (CSIC), Granada, Spain
Matti Jalasvuori >

Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
I.King Jordan >
School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Eugene Koonin >
National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, USA.
Dusan Kordis >
Department of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, Josef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Mart Krupovic >

Unit BMGE, Department of Microbiology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Erez Levanon >
Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
German Martinez >
Dept. of Plant Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
John Mattick >
Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, Australia
Jeff Miller >
California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Karin Moelling >
Max Planck Institute for molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany
Sabine Müller >
Universität Greifswald, Institut für Biochemie , Greifswald , Germany
Ulrich Müller >
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, USA
Mariusz Nowacki >
Institute of Cell Biology, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 4, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
David Prangishvili >
Department of Microbiology, BMGE, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Lennart Randau >
Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
Forest Rohwer >
Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
Corrado Spadafora >
Institute of Translational Pharmacology, CNR, Rome, Italy
James Shapiro >
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , University of Chicago , IL , USA
Jason Shepherd >
Biochemistry and Ophthalmology & Visual SciencesUniversity of Utah, School of Medicine Salt Lake City, USA
Ravindra Singh >
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, USA
Keizo Tomonaga >
Laboratory of RNA Viruses, Department of Virus Research, Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan
Peter Unrau >
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
Luis P. Villarreal >
Center for Virus Research, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
Andreas Werner >
RNA biology group, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, UK
Eric Westhof >
Architecture and Reactivity of RNA, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology of the CNRS, University of Strasbourg, France
Bojan Zagrovic >
Department of Structural and Computational Biology, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Vienna, Austria
Steven Zimmerly >
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

 

5th-6th Sept 2018 Dublin, Ireland

Diet-driven RNA interference and mental health (4)

See: Diet-driven RNA interference and mental health (3)

Social transmission and buffering of synaptic changes after stress

Transmission from the stressed subject to the naive partner required the activation of PVN CRH neurons in both subject and partner to drive and detect the release of a putative alarm pheromone from the stressed mouse.

Reported as: Researchers discover brain cells change following close contact with a stressed individual

“There has been other literature that shows stress can be transferred — and our study is actually showing the brain is changed by that transferred stress,” says Toni-Lee Sterley, an Eyes High postdoctoral fellow in Bains’s lab and the study’s lead author. “The neurons that control the brain’s response to stress showed changes in unstressed partners that were identical to those we measured in the stressed mice.”

The researchers discovered that the activation of the neurons causes the release of a chemical signal, an “alarm pheromone,” from the mouse that alerts the partner. The partner who detects the signal can, in turn, alert additional members of the group.

This links Bruce McEwen’s works on stress to my works. It completes details of how the mouse-to-human model links nutrient stress-linked and social stress-linked mutations from the virus-driven theft of quantized energy to all pathology. It predicts that fact that human pheromone-enhanced products will continue to be used to prevent or effectively treat Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases, and to prevent suicide.
See: Formulation and evaluation of anti-suicidal nasal spray of Thyrotropin releasing hormone
See also: Pheromones and the luteinizing hormone for inducing proliferation of neural stem cells and neurogenesis
The unnecessary suffering and premature deaths of ~ 22 veterans per day and many others who commit suicide or who suffer through largely ineffective treatments for cancer can be place into the context of two reviews:
See: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model (2013)
and Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems
In my 2014 invited review of nutritional epigenetics, I linked one food energy-dependent base pair to fixation of one amino acid substitution and the stability of organized genomes in a modern human population. The stability was clearly linked from the creation of microRNAs via ingestion of sago palm-like leaves to an increase in endogenous vitamin C.
See also: Vitamins and Hormones Volume 106 Thyroid Hormone February 2018 (paywalled)
Vitamin C links a single base pair change to one amino acid substitution (V370A) in a modern human population. That fact can now be linked from my 2013 refutation of neo-Darwinian pseudoscientific nonsense to all biodiversity on Earth via the creation of sunlight and the Dependence of RNA synthesis in isolated thymus nuclei on glycolysis, oxidative carbohydrate catabolism and a type of “oxidative phosphorylation” (1964)

The synthesis of RNA in isolated thymus nuclei is ATP dependent.

The model organism that best represent the facts about epigenetic regulation of biophysically constrained ATP-dependent RNA-mediated viral latency is featured here: Meet the creature that can regenerate its brain and resist cancer.

A good model with a good model organism predicts. The mouse to human model predicts that one base pair and one fixed RNA-mediated amino acid substitution link the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction to all vertebrate biodiversity via food odors.  Predictably, in the axolotyl (aka the “walking fish”), an iodine isotope and cryo-EM technology will soon be used to establish the facts about how the creation of sunlight must be linked from the creation of ATP and the creation of RNA to DNA repair and all biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction and healthy longevity in all living genera.

See also: Researchers ID New Mechanism for Keeping DNA Protein in Line

The actions of a protein used for DNA replication and repair are guided by electrostatic forces known as phosphate steering, a finding that not only reveals key details about a vital process in healthy cells, but provides new directions for cancer treatment research.
Electrostatic forces are not known as phosphate steering.
See: What is an Electrostatic Force?

Electrostatic force between electrons and protons is one of the strongest forces in the universe, even more powerful than gravity. A hydrogen atom, which contains only one electron and one proton, has the fundamental force of gravity keeping it together. However, each subatomic particle can develop electrostatic force as well, which becomes even stronger.

Pseudoscientists are prepared to attack serious scientists at every level of examination that includes aspects of how subatomic particles contribute to oxidative phosphorylation. Who doesn’t know about the role that subatomic particles play in biophysically constraining viral latency?
See: Subatomic: An Atom Building Game (2017)

Subatomic is a deck building game where players are competing to build a number of available Elements, which score them points. Each player starts with the same small deck of cards that consist of Proton, Neutron, and Electron Cards. They use these cards to build upon their current Atom (by playing these cards face-up as Subatomic Particles) in an attempt to construct one of the available Element Cards. Or players may use their hand of cards to purchase more powerful cards for later use (by playing them in combinations of face-down as energy and face-up as Subatomic Particles!) Subatomic introduces a unique variation on deck building with a highly accurate chemistry theme…

The fact that Discover’s “My Science Shop” does not yet include information on the game “Subatomic” can be explained because the game is not yet available. The fact that Discover’s “My Science Shop” does not mention the availabilty of “Cytosis” suggests they are not willing to admit that their past representations of neo-Darwinian pseudoscientific nonsense were removed from consideration in 1944 when Schrödinger published “What is Life?”
See: Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology – September 2018
The most accurate of all chemistry themes has continued to link Schrödinger’s claims from  quantum physics and quantum chemistry to quantum biology via the conserved molecular mechanisms of biophysically constrained protein folding chemistry. The conserved molecular mechanisms link energy-dependent epigenetics to healthy longevity. The conserved molecular mechanisms also link the virus-driven theft of quantized energy to all pathology.
See also: A quantum theory for the irreplaceable role of docosahexaenoic acid in neural cell signalling throughout evolution (2013)
Classical biophysics does not have a ready explanation for the role of docosahexanoic acid (DHA), which appears to be irreplaceable in the context of a light-activated endogenous substrate that functions as an electron tunnelling device. DHA provides precise quantized signals that are essential to visual accuity in the context of synaptic signaling. The link from quantum physics to classical physics helps to explain why the energy-dependent creation of photoreceptors has been linked to their counter intuitive orientation — away from the incoming light.
But, I digress. I am often forced to digress by theorists who invent new terms, such as phosphate steering, to obfuscate what is know about epigenetically-effected top-down causation, which starts with effects of sunlight linked to oxidative phosphorylation. Top-down causation does not start with phosphate steering. It starts with the creation of receptors. If any aspect of biophysically constrained life on Earth started with phosphate steering, there would be more than one citation to the claim. There is only one. See. “Phosphate steering.”
For comparison to what is known about the link from microRNAs to the brain and behavior, see:
microRNA brain and microRNA behavior
See also: Reduced expression of brain-enriched microRNAs in glioblastomas permits targeted regulation of a cell death gene (2011)
and Targeted expression of suicide gene by tissue-specific promoter and microRNA regulation for cancer gene therapy (2013)

See: Epigenetics study helps focus search for autism risk factors

Within the Shank3 promoter 6 region they identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (or SNP, a common type of genetic variation) known as rs6010065. Analyzing genomic data from a clinical study of 554 children with autism and 214 healthy controls, they found that rs6010065 is indeed associated with autism spectrum disorder.

I reiterate. The profiles are energy-dependent and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction helps to ensure that viral latency is biophysically constrained by the dynamic processes. That fact can be compared to ridiculous claims about mutations and the “evolving profiles.”

See for example, this link from the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled fixation of the BDNF val66met polymorphism amino acid substitution to behavior in human infants.

The BDNF val66met polymorphism and individual differences in temperament in 4-month-old infants: A pilot study

See for comparison: Stress dynamically regulates behavior and glutamatergic gene expression in hippocampus by opening a window of epigenetic plasticity

Reported as: Newly discovered windows of brain plasticity may help with treatment of stress-related disorders 

…they looked at mice genetically engineered to carry a genetic variant associated with development of depression and other stress-related disorders in humans [ the variant is (BDNF Val66Met)] and present in 33 percent of the population.

If you don’t know where to look, you might find where the information on the BDNF Val66Met is buried. But, if you look at the life’s works of Bruce S. McEwen, you will discover what is known to all serious scientists about stress linked RNA-mediated cell type differentiation.

Redefining neuroendocrinology: Epigenetics of brain-body communication over the life course (2017)

Heterozygous BDNF Val66Met mice are genetically susceptible to stress. The effects of stress on messenger RNA levels in wild-type mice was recapitulated but only via activation of immediate early genes when the heterozygous BDNF Val66Met mice were actually stressed. In the absence of stress, stress activated expression of immediate early genes is not worth studying. Similarly, it is not worth studying how nutrient stress is linked to social stress via c-fos activation in gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) neuroscretory neurons.

However, if baseline studies had not already linked expression of the Fos protein to epigenetic effects of pheromones on luteinizing hormone in mice, the epigenetic effects of food odors and pheromones on humans might never have been linked to interethnic genetic differences in human morphology and behavior.

See: Influence of male rats on the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone neuronal system in female rats: role of the vomeronasal organ (1993)

[Pheromonal regulation of genetic processes: research on the house mouse (Mus musculus L.)] (1994)

Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology (2001)

Pheromones and the luteinizing hormone for inducing proliferation of neural stem cells and neurogenesis (2011)

The link from diet-driven RNA interference to mental health can now be considered in the context of gene gains and losses.

For example, see: APOBEC1

  1. Catalytic component of the apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme complex which is responsible for the postranscriptional editing of a CAA codon for Gln to a UAA codon for stop in the APOB mRNA.
  2. Also involved in CGA (Arg) to UGA (Stop) editing in the NF1 mRNA.
  3. May also play a role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression by participating in DNA demethylation.

Loss of APOBEC1 RNA-editing function in microglia exacerbates age-related CNS pathophysiology

These data provide powerful evidence supporting the critical role of APOBEC1-mediated RNA editing in maintaining the balance between the homeostatic and activated immune functions of MG.

See also: Psychological Stress and Mitochondria: A Conceptual Framework (Part 1) and Psychological Stress and Mitochondria: A Systematic Review (Part 2)

Reported as: Cellular ‘powerhouses’ may explain health effects of stress

The findings are especially exciting for the field of psychosomatic medicine, with its traditional focus on re-integrating the mind (“psyche”) and body (“soma”). Emerging evidence on the role of mitochondria in translating the effects of stress on health “extend the reach of mind-body research into the cellular-molecular domain that is the core foundation of current biomedical training and practice,” Drs. Picard and McEwen write. They emphasize the need for further studies to test various elements of their model, especially in humans. “Future research should consider the dynamic bi-directional interactions between mitochondria and other important physiological systems,” the authors conclude.

See also: Mitochondrial alterations and neuropsychiatric disorders

Mitochondria are membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells, where they generate the majority of the cell’s supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), used as a source of chemical energy. In addition, they are involved in a range of other processes, such as signalling, cellular differentiation, cell death, as well as the control of the cell cycle and cell growth. Mitochondria have been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders, in particular, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, and Alzheimer’s dementia. Furthermore, the presence of mutations at the level of mitochondrial or nuclear DNA (mtDNA and nDNA, respectively) has been linked to personality disorders, behavioral disturbances, thought alterations, impulsivity, learning impairment, cognitive failures until dementia. The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the relationship between psychiatric symptoms or syndromes and mtDNA mutations or mitochondrial alterations, while highlighting novel therapeutic targets for a broad range of disorders.

 

Cytosis can be used to teach everything from base editing to RNA editing to everyone over age 10. They will learn how to link the creation of energy to biophysically constrained viral latency via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction.

Enzyme-constrained interethnic biodiversity (1)

Excerpt: Summaries of mutation categories: The summaries attest to the fact that human interethnic biodiversity can be linked to all biodiversity via the food energy-dependent creation of enzymes and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction, which link autophagy to biophysically constrained viral latency.
Immune Issue

…the findings are “not a show stopper, but the field needs to know about this…

Investors are stopping the Zhang-Church-Doudna show. Some were prepared to invest in energy-dependent RNA interference, which biophysically constrains viral latency.The way forward was predicted in 1999 with publication of RNA-triggered gene silencing and revisited with publication of Get Well in the RNAi Way-RNAi, A Billion Dollar Baby in Therapy

RNAi based drugs have now advanced steps closer towards clinical trials. The powerful in-vivo RNAi machinery and its delicate factors apprehend that RNAi-dependent therapies might create a billion dollar business against the pathogenic organisms and disease for which treatment options are currently restricted conventionally.

Food energy-dependent microRNA-mediated amino acid substitutions biophysically constrain viral latency and all serious scientists know that.
See: The tipping point (revisited): 68,000 publications

The “…miRNA-mediated regulation of enzymes and transporters affecting drug metabolism…” links the National Microbiome Initiative to the Precision Medicine Initiative and to all healthy longevity or to all virus-driven pathology in all living genera via differences in energy as information.

See for another example: A homozygous founder missense variant in arylsulfatase G abolishes its enzymatic activity causing atypical Usher syndrome in humans

The identified variant affected a fully conserved amino acid that is part of the catalytic site of the enzyme.

Reported as: Biochemists confirm existence of theoretical genetic disorder

Now that the cause of the symptoms is known [i.e., the loss of the conserved amino acid substitution], it is possible to think about an enzyme replacement therapy for the patients [whose symptoms are obviously caused by the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA, which links the missense variation and all other mutations to all pathology via the loss of fixed amino acid substitutions in all living genera].

The enzyme replacement therapy would not be required in the context of what is known to all serious scientists about energy-dependent RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in all living genera. See for examples of what is known about the conserved amino acid substitution on page 19 of this sample report. The creation of CYP enzymes clearly links the food that people eat to healthy longevity. Alternatively, the virus-driven theft of quantized energy can be linked to the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA and all pathology, which traditional medicine has attempted to treat with pharmaceuticals and/or surgery.
Alpha Genomix download a Sample report
See for details of how biophysically constrained viral latency is linked from the energy-dependent creation of microRNAs to all biodiversity in the context of a model that links atoms to ecosystems and refutes all theoretical pseudoscientific nonsense.

Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems 4/10/14

…the explanatory power of a model of ecological variation and biophysically constrained nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations became clear with companion papers published in 2013. See for review [30].

The companion papers [162-163] told a new short story of ecological adaptations. In the context of climate change and changes in diet, the story began with what probably was a nutrient-dependent base pair change and a variant epiallele that arose in a human population in what is now central China.

————————-

30) Kohl, J. V., Nutrient–dependent / pheromone–controlled adaptive evolution: a model. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology 2013, 3. doi: 10.3402/snp.v3i0.20553

162) Kamberov, Yana G.; Wang, S.; Tan, J.; Gerbault, P.; Wark, A.; Tan, L.; Yang, Y.; Li, S.; Tang, K.; Chen, H., et al., Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant. Cell 2013, 152 (4), 691-702. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.01.016

163 Grossman, Sharon R.; Andersen, Kristian G.; Shlyakhter, I.; Tabrizi, S.; Winnicki, S.; Yen, A.; Park, Daniel J.; Griesemer, D.; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Wong, Sunny H., et al., Identifying Recent Adaptations in Large-Scale Genomic Data. Cell 2013, 152 (4), 703-713. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.01.035

The naturally selected food energy-dependent EDAR variant and two amino acid substitutions have since been linked to human interethnic biodiversity in the context of other energy-dependent RNA-mediated fixation of all amino acids in all cell types of all individuals of all living genera.
See: Brief report: Geographic variation in EGFR mutation frequency in lung adenocarcinoma may be explained by interethnic genetic variation  The full article can be downloaded from here:
G180A (aka ABCC11, Gly180Ala) and V370A (aka 1540T/C, 370A or Val370Ala) are established biomarkers of East Asian ancestry. Taken together, the two amino acid substitutions clearly linked rs17822931 and rs3827760 respectively to other food energy-dependent changes in base pairs via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction and biophysically constrained interethnic biodiversity in a human population.
Val370Ala is a single nucleotide polynmorphism (SNP) in the ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR) gene on chromosome 2. The adaptive variant links food energy-dependent changes in immunity from the mouse model to human biodiversity via autophagy, the innate antiphage defense mechanism.
Eighteen years ago, Gly180Ala was linked from the creation of ATP to the creation of RNA and all food energy-dependent  hemoglobin variants via the publication of Rotation of F(1)-ATPase and the hinge residues of the beta subunit

The mean work done by a 120 degrees step was approximately 80 pN nm, a value close to the free energy liberated by hydrolysis of one ATP molecule, implying nearly 100% efficiency of energy conversion. The torque is probably generated by the beta subunit, which undergoes large opening-closing domain motion upon binding of AT(D)P. We identified three hinge residues, betaHis179, betaGly180 and betaGly181, whose peptide bond dihedral angles are drastically changed during domain motion. Simultaneous substitution of these residues with alanine resulted in nearly complete loss (99%) of ATPase activity.

Simply put, the Val370Ala and Gly180Ala substitutions exemplify how the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight is biophysically constrained by the substitution of achiral glycine in position 6 of the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) decapeptide and the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled fixation of other amino acid substitution that differentiate all cell types in all living genera. In humans.
For example, more than 1700 hemoglobin variants have bee linked to interethnic bidiversity and to primate species biodiversity via the nutrient energy-dependent pheromone-controlled fixation of one or more amino acid substitutions in the organized genomes of humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas.
See: Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution (1973)

For example, the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.

See for updates: Updates of the HbVar database of human hemoglobin variants and thalassemia mutations

Single nucleotide substitutions or indels [INsertions/DELetionS] can lead to several hemoglobin variants owing to amino acid replacements, while molecular defects in either regulatory or coding regions of the human HBA2, HBA1, HBB or HBD genes can minimally or drastically reduce their expression, leading to α-, β- or δ-thalassemia, respectively.

The nucleotide substitutions are food energy-dependent. The virus-driven theft of quantized energy causes the deletions. Ecological variation links the ability to find food to ecological adaptations only in the context of the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction, which biophysically constrains viral latency during the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of healthy morphological and behavioral phenotypes.
See also: HbVar: A Database of Human Hemoglobin Variants and Thalassemias: Summaries of mutation categories
The summaries attest to the fact that food energy-dependent human interethnic biodiversity can be linked to all biodiversity via the creation of enzymes and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction, which link autophagy to biophysically constrained viral latency.
Re: Monetization of these facts: First, consider short-selling the stocks of companies that have built their capitalization on ridiculous claims that link mutations to evolution. Those claims disappeared with release of the cell biology game “Cytosis.”
Next, buy or lease one — or all three — of the following domains from the owner / founder of the only domains that have continued to disseminate the facts about pheromone constrained viral latency, since 1995 (which is when I founded Pheromones.com). Then RNA-mediated.com. Then Autophagy.pro.
If you have any doubts about what your future holds, see:

 
 

Alternative splicing of pre-mRNA

From base editing to RNA editing (8)

Excerpt:

See: Quantum Vacuum Dynamics, Coherence, Superluminal Photons and Hypercomputation in Brain Microtubules

Finally, these theorists attempt to link the speed of light on contact with water (Darwin’s “conditions of life”) to all biophysically constrained biodiversity.

Researchers find potential path to repair multiple sclerosis-damaged nerves December 26, 2017

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune, neurodegenerative disease, characterized by distinct affecting walking, vision, and cognition, to name a few. MS patients differ markedly from each other regarding which disability affects them the most. Inflammation strips the myelin coating from nerve cell extensions, called axons, and connections at the ends of nerves, called synapses, are lost, together disrupting signaling and eventually causing permanent disability depending on where this occurs.

See: microRNA multiple sclerosis
The virus-driven theft of quantized energy has been linked from the degradation of messenger RNA to the inflammation and all pathology. Food energy has been linked to error-free DNA repair of virus-driven damage to organized genomes and pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations in all living genera.
For a historical perspective see:

Dietary energy substrates reverse early neuronal hyperactivity in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease (2013)

Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model (2013)

Yesterday, I brought my model current in this blog post: From nitrogen atoms to ecosystems in all living genera December 27, 2017
See also:

Helpful intestinal bacteria counteracts tendency to depression December 27, 2017

The rats that did not receive probiotics had an increased number of white blood cells in their brain tissue, which can be a sign of chronic inflammation, and is also seen in the fatty tissues and livers of overweight people and diabetics. The researchers did not find the elevated amounts of white blood cells in the brains of the rats with probiotics in their drinking water. “This may indicate that one of the things the probiotics do is work to reprogramme the immune system.

See also:
Mitochondrial metabolite linked to regulation of neurotransmission  December 27, 2017

“The Kreb’s cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle, which takes place in the mitochondria, is the fundamental pathway that generates cellular energy and, recently, mutations in genes that produce key metabolites have been implicated in neurodegeneration and cancer,” said first author Berrak Ugur, a graduate student in the Bellen lab.

For comparison, see: Deep Reads: How I learnt to love population genetics December 21, 2017
It is difficult to understand why anyone would want to make claims about population genetics, since virtually all prior claims have  been debunked or dismissed by serious scientists.
Here is an exception:

Role of the Visual Experience-Dependent Nascent Proteome in Neuronal Plasticity December 27, 2017

…de novo synthesis of machinery that regulates RNA splicing and protein translation is required for experience-dependent plasticity.

The magic of de novo synthesis can be linked to population genetics since there is no need for quantized energy or for biophysical constraints on viral latency. The proteome is “nascent” and experience-dependent leaning is somehow linked from visual input to the functional structure of supercoiled DNA and all pheromone-controlled biodiversity in species from microbes to humans.
Nascent definition: “beginning to exist or develop” (aka automagical creation)
Outside the context of automagical creation, creationists have resurrected their claims from this past summer, as if no scientific progress had been made.

#8 of Our Top Stories of 2017: Theorist Concedes, Evolution “Avoids” Questions December 25, 2017

They ignore the fact that the cell biology game “Cytosis” is available to teach anyone 10+ years of age how to protect their organized genome from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA that links mutations to all pathology.
It seems clear that they want to keep the evolutionary time frame but abandon all evolutionary processes. But, they also seem to think that makes sense — or that it may make sense to others who are biologically uninformed theorists.
This makes sense. Biological wires carry electricity thanks to special amino acids March 12, 2013
Passive/Aggressive antagonist, Jon Lieff, mentioned this on December 26, 2017: Many more bacteria have electrically conducting filaments December 8, 2017
See for comparison to what is known about physically constrained energy: Biogenic non-crystalline U(IV) revealed as major component in uranium ore deposits
This was reported in the context of biophysically constrained energy.
See: Biologists discover electric bacteria that eat pure electrons rather than sugar, redefining the tenacity of life  July 18, 2014

“This is huge. What it means is that there’s a whole part of the microbial world that we don’t know about.”

The ability of bacteria to eat electrons, reproduce, and to create uranium isotopes could be linked from quantized energy as information to all biodiversity on Earth via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction, if pseudoscientists would acknowledge the facts about the food energy-dependent fixation of amino acid substitutions.

Simply put, amino acid substitutions protect all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA. That fact clearly refutes all claims that have ever been made by neo-Darwinian theorists who must now place their claims into the context of ecological variation and species-specific cell type specific ecological adaptations.
See also: Electrically conductive pili from pilin genes of phylogenetically diverse microorganisms September 5, 2017
Reported December 8, 2017 as: Many more bacteria have electrically conducting filaments

In recent years, the UMass Amherst microbiologists and physicists working with Geobacter species developed a hypothesis for how its e-pili are able to conduct electric current based on the presence of aromatic amino acids in the pilin subunits. They have used this characteristic — a high density of aromatic amino acids and a lack of substantial aromatic-free gaps along pilin chains — to select candidate pili genes from other microorganisms, including many difficult-to-culture microorganisms.

If their hypothesis includes any aspect of what others have reported in the context of ridiculous neo-Darwinian theories, they may report that the aromatic amino acids in the pilin subunits created themselves and then evolved into the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled amino acid substitutions that stabilize the organized genomes of all living genera.
It is that level of nonsense that has been replaced with facts and the facts are included in new theories. It is time for the neo-Darwinists to admit that none of their ridiculous claims were supported by experimental evidence of biologically-based cause and effect. The levels of complexity that must now be examined make the nonsense touted by neo-Darwinists irrelevant.
See: Quantum Vacuum Dynamics, Coherence, Superluminal Photons and Hypercomputation in Brain Microtubules
Finally, these theorists attempt to link the speed of light on contact with water (Darwin’s “conditions of life”) to all biophysically constrained biodiversity.

…a confined field of faster than light photons field of suitable wavelength can arises from a spontaneous phase transition of the QED quantum vacuum occurring in the water contained inside the microtubules inner volume. It has been shown that, in the water trapped inside microtubules, there exist the conditions for the formation of a macroscopic coherent quantum state…

See also: Electrolytes induce long-range orientational order and free energy changes in the H-bond network of bulk water
Reported as: A single ion impacts a million water molecules

The interaction between water and ions is omnipresent in biological processes related to enzymes, ion channels and protein folding. Every new piece of knowledge gives greater insight into how life works.

A rendering of how changes in an electron's motion (bottom view) alter the scattering of light (top view), as measured in a new experiment that scattered more than 500 photons of light from a single electron. Previous experiments had managed to scatter no more than a few photons at a time. Credit: Extreme Light Laboratory|University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Predicting who wins the 2017 Nobel Prizes (7)

Conclusion: The biggest threat to humanity is not the “Big Bang” theory of creation or the “Big Bang” theory of how life on Earth might end after an explosion of cosmic proportions. The biggest threat has always been “human idiocy.”

2017 Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

“for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.”

I am reminded of the treaties our forefathers drafted to end the wars with American Indians. See for comparison: Bill Gates warns tens of millions could be killed by bio-terrorism

“The next epidemic could originate on the computer screen of a terrorist intent on using genetic engineering to create a synthetic version of the smallpox virus … or a super contagious and deadly strain of the flu.”

On October 2, 2017 I wrongly predicted this: Bruce McEwen wins the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize  I placed my prediction into the proper context of nuclear energy and the virus-driven theft of quantized energy as information.
See: Dependence of RNA synthesis in isolated thymus nuclei on glycolysis, oxidative carbohydrate catabolism and a type of “oxidative phosphorylation” (1964)

The synthesis of RNA in isolated thymus nuclei is ATP dependent.

Although some Nobel Prize committee members may not know this, many people have since realized that the creation of energy as information links the energy of ATP to the creation of RNA. Some people also realize that the energy-dependent creation of RNA links what organisms eat from the creation of enzymes that metabolize food to the biophysically constrained pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction and all biodiversity on Earth.
See for instance: Atomic structure reveals how cells translate environmental signals

The team identified an amino acid sequence in the leaflet that is conserved in parasites, suggesting structural insights that may assist in drug discovery for these devastating conditions.

Awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to a group that focuses on prevention of a nuclear holocaust — instead of awarding it to at least one or more people who have tried for more than 50 years to prevent the forthcoming viral apocalypse — seems to be another example of what Richard Feynman referred to as “human idiocy.”  Feynman complained about the different measures used by theorists to link energy to the ability of organisms to do work and the ability of machines to do the work that humans design and/or program them to do. His work on the “Manhattan Project” qualified him to speculate on what would become known about atomic energy and biologically-based cause and effect.
For example, the metabolism of what some bacteria eat has been linked from their biophysically constrained physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction to the energy-dependent creation of uranium isotopes. When engineered and programmed to do so, uranium isotopes can be used to kill the cells that were created during energy-dependent biogenesis.
Energy-dependent biogenesis can also be compared to the ridiculous claims about abiogenesis that have been made by evolutionary theorists. Some people still claim that energy emerged from nothing and everything on Earth evolved after that. In the context of Feynman’s claim about “human idiocy,” I refer to people like that as biologically uninformed science idiots.
See for comparison: Biogenic non-crystalline U(IV) revealed as major component in uranium ore deposits
Reported as: Biologists discover electric bacteria that eat pure electrons rather than sugar, redefining the tenacity of life July 18, 2014
Subsequently reported on June 1, 2017 as: A new twist on uranium’s origin story, by CSU scientists
The biogenesis of uranium isotopes was linked to the estimates of pseudoscientists who claimed that most of the uranium they found in that unmined site is ~ 3 million years old. They also claimed it was formed by microbes that eat something that allows them to respire not on oxygen, but on uranium.
Every aspect of biophysically constrained biologically based biodiversity on Earth can be linked from what organisms eat to their energy-dependent physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction via respiration, which is akin to the human ability to breathe. For comparison, the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA links the theft of quantized energy from the half-life of atomic energy to the biophysically constrained energy in soil bacteria. The biophysically constrained energy in soil bacteria has been linked to the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy.
Virus-driven fescue toxicosis links theft of quantized energy as information from the bull sperm microRNAome from to all pathology.
See: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression
In the last few decades, sperm have been reported to carry both RNA and microRNA to the fertilized zygote [17], [18]. MicroRNA (miRNA) are important regulators in translation, and their altered expression often leads to disease or cancer. As such, they have become popular biomarkers for diseases, cancers, or altered cellular functionality.
If the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize had been awarded to anyone who worked for the good of humanity, it would have been awarded to one of the serious scientists who has tried for at least several decades to prevent unnecessary suffering and premature death. The unnecessary suffering and premature death is caused by virus-driven energy theft and altered cellular functionality in all living genera that fail to successfully reproduce in the context of biophysically constrained viral latency.
Conclusion: The biggest threat to humanity is not the “Big Bang” theory of creation or the “Big Bang” theory of how life on Earth might end after an explosion of cosmic proportions. The biggest threat has always been “human idiocy.”

Alternative splicing of pre-mRNA

Methylation and the Innate Immune System

Free Webinar Training:

Methylation and the Innate Immune System

Please send your questions, comments and feedback to: support@qahomestudy.com

I sent these two questions in advance:

1) Does what organisms eat link food energy to RNA-directed DNA methylation and all healthy longevity via fixation of amino acid substitutions and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance in the context of the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans?

2) Does the virus-driven theft of quantized energy link the loss of information from impaired methylation to all pathology?

——————————

See why I asked: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression

The potential for sperm miRNA affecting zygote development has recently been reported in the literature [18] and has interesting implications for the use of sperm miRNA profiles as indicators of potential male fertility.

See also: Codon identity regulates mRNA stability and translation efficiency during the maternal-to-zygotic transition
See also: Olfaction Warps Visual Time Perception