Excerpt: “…cranial differentiation in common chimpanzees has been restricted by stabilizing natural selection.”
See for comparison: Mutation-Driven Evolution
Excerpt: “…genomic conservation and constraint-breaking mutation is the ultimate source of all biological innovations and the enormous amount of biodiversity in this world.”
See also for comparison: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model.
Excerpt: An environmental drive evolved from that of nutrient ingestion in unicellular organisms to that of pheromone-controlled socialization in insects. In mammals, food odors and pheromones cause changes in hormones …”
My comment: Epigenetically-effected hormones affect biophysically constrained behavior that links atoms to ecosystems.
See also: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems
My atoms to ecosystems model was presented here: Nutrient-dependent / Pheromone-controlled thermodynamics and thermoregulation
My model is also well represented in this musical parody: All About that Base
Until others try to link nutrient-dependent base pair changes and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions to evolution via mutations, they will be led by biologically uninformed science idiots to believe in pseudoscientific nonsense and ridiculous theories.
For example, the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla (p. 127).
The nutrient-dependent RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions link atoms to ecosystems via what is known to serious scientists about “supercoiled” DNA.
See: Structural diversity of supercoiled DNA
See also: RNA-mediated gene silencing
See also: RNA-mediated epigenetic regulation of gene expression