The second mutation tracked down by Lippman’s team that interacts with this ancient mutation was discovered in the mid-twentieth century, first spotted in domesticated tomatoes planted in a field owned by the Campbell Soup Company.This interaction is a telling example of “negative epistasis,” says Lippman – “a case of two mutations, one ancient and one recent, both considered beneficial when they were selected, when placed in the same plant have a negative effect.”
Lippman’s comment is a telling example of ignorance. Virus-driven energy theft causes the mutations, and the accumulation of mutations has been linked to pathology in species from plants to animals.
The objectives of our study were to identify microRNA (miRNA) present in bovine sperm and to evaluate the effects of fescue toxicosis on sperm miRNA expression.
The facts about energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance destroy the evolutionary perspective that automagically was included in the CRISPR Cas9 approach to potential treatments. The amount of “spin-doctoring” required to keep others focused on ridiculous theories is increasing every day, with more than 10,000 published works that mention microRNA added during the past year.
See for example: Evolutionary Footprints Reveal Insights into Plant MicroRNA Biogenesis
The “running title” of what they claim to reveal is placed into the context of the evolution of plant MIRNAs. A one sentence summary of their claims attests to an act of desperation. They are trying to substitute the evolution of microRNAs for the energy-dependent de novo creation of microRNAs because the link from the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight to all biodiversity has eliminated all their neo-Darwinian pseudoscientific nonsense.
For an accurate representation on the biogenesis of microRNAs, which they also call small RNAs, see: Dynamic control of chirality and self-assembly of double-stranded helicates with light
Photochemical control of the twist sense of a dynamic single-stranded helical polyisocyanate and peptides has also been reported27–29.
This “self-recognition” of left-handed and right-handed molecule pairs is featured in the March 10, 2015, issue of Nature Communications.
Finding that temperature drives microbial community variation and revealing the high functional redundancy in ocean microbial communities at global scale have wide-ranging implications for potential climate change–related effects. The Tara Oceans data set supports progress not only toward a holistic understanding of the ocean ecosystem but also of microbial communities in general, by facilitating comparative analyses between ecosystems.
It is fascinating to see others link ecological variations in temperature to biodiversity in all microbial ecosystems without mentioning that the temperature of the ocean is energy-dependent and that the energy comes from sunlight. That fact links the anti-entropic virucidal effect of sunlight to all biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction, and it links virus-driven energy theft from the degradation of messenger RNA to mutations and all pathology in all living genera.
Clearly, unless pseudoscientists can convince you that plant MIRNAs automagically evolved, someone will ask again about where Dobzhansky’s “light of evolution” came from.
See: Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution