Gibbon genome and the fast karyotype evolution of small apes
This is an open access article reported as:
Excerpt: The number of chromosomal rearrangements in the gibbons is remarkable, Rogers said. “It is like the genome just exploded and then was put back together,” he said. “Up until recently, it has been impossible to determine how one human chromosome could be aligned to any gibbon chromosome because there are so many rearrangements.”
My comment: Now that researchers have determined how so many chromosomal rearrangements can rapidly occur outside the context of mutations, they can link the genome of gibbons to the human genome via the following sequence of events:
1) nutrient-dependent changes in the
2) microRNA/messenger RNA balance,
3) alternative splicings of pre-mRNA, and
4) RNA-mediated events that link
5) amino acids substitutions to their fixation when they stabilize the DNA in organized genomes of species.
The nutrient-dependent chromosomal rearrangements can then be linked to the RNA-mediated stability of DNA in species from microbes to man via the conserved molecular mechanisms of reproduction isolation due to chromosomal rearrangement and species diversity due to the metabolism of nutrients to species-specific pheromones. which control the physiology of reproduction in species from microbes to man. Thus the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated events have again eliminated any further consideration of mutations and natural selection in the evolution of biodiversity.
Until an evolutionary event is described, theorists may continue to invent and define their theories in terms that link mutated DNA to biodiversity and increasing organismal complexity that ‘just happens’ to somehow occur in explosions of chromosomal rearrangements like those that supposedly occurred during the Cambrian explosion. However, the fact that these explosions are nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled may mean that biodiversity arises in much less time that might otherwise be predicted in the context of pseudoscientific nonsense of population genetics and neo-Darwinism.
Note also, however, that Genome-wide DNA rearrangements are most exaggerated in ciliates, particularly in the model organism Oxytricha trifallax, which programs not only DNA deletion, but also total reorganization, through RNA-mediated events (Fang et al., 2012; Nowacki et al., 2008).
See the report here on that fact about the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated events for comparison to unknown evolutionary events: