diseases-disorders

Miracles are not miracles to evolutionary theorists

Science 19 September 2014:
Vol. 345 no. 6203 pp. 1443-1445
DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6203.1443

No miracles

Excerpt: “There’s a reason these crows make tools and other birds don’t,” he says. “It’s not a miracle.”

THAT SENTENCE, along with the even shorter phrase “no miracles,” is a favorite of Gray’s.

The power of evolution “to explain many things,” as he puts it, struck him when he was still in high school in Tauranga, south of Auckland, after reading Richard Dawkins’s The Selfish Gene.”

Reported as:

No miracles

Excerpt: Although controversial, his papers have so stirred the field that several researchers credit him with being in the vanguard of a revolution. Gray’s fresh approach prompted Germany’s Max Planck Society to tap him as co-director of its new Institute for History and the Sciences in Jena. Gray’s other research focus, animal cognition, was also thought to be beyond the ken of science. But this black box, too, yields to evolutionary thinking, Gray insists. 

My comment: “Evolutionists Cannot Account for the Origin of the Sense of Smell” in the book “The Miracles Of Smell And Taste” challenges the representations made by Russell Gray.
An Islamic Creationist author cites works by “John T. Caprio of Louisiana State University [who]states that initially, the sense of smell developed in order to identify amino acid-like chemical substances soluble in water. The ability to determine molecules floating in the air is an adaptation of that original mechanism.96
In my model, ecological variation leads to ecological adaptations via a direct link from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man. It seems miraculous to me that 1)the experience-dependent de novo Creation of cell surface receptors allows the entry of nutrients into cells. 2) The receptors link nutrient uptake and the pheromone-controlled physiology of nutrient-dependent reproduction. 3) Thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation link nutrient uptake and the metabolism of nutrients to fixation of amino acid substitutions via RNA-mediated events. 4) The RNA-mediated events replace the need for any evolutionary events to be associated with DNA because 5) the RNA-mediated events epigenetically link ecological variation and ecological adaptations in all cells of all individuals of all genera.
It would seem like a miracle to me if anyone used evolutionary ideas to establish a similar biologically-based biophysically-constrained link to the nutrient-dependent morphological and behavioral diversity that appears to result from a single amino acid substitution in cell types and the detection of cell type differentiation via what is commonly referred to as the sense of smell.
If Dobzhansky was not still dead, an evolutionary event that linked detection of amino acid substitutions to cell type differentiation in primates would probably seem like a miracle to him, too. See, Dobzhansky, 1973  “…alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.”
For more examples from a model, see: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model.

neuronal-plasticity

The quantum biology of consciousness

Everything known about quantum biology “…suggests conscious experience is intrinsically connected to the fine-scale structure of space–time geometry, and that consciousness could be deeply related to the operation of the laws of the universe.” See for review: Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory.
These laws of the universe might lead others to think in terms of “laws of biology” (biological laws). Indeed, many informed scientists could expect that ecological, social, and neurogenic niche construction would result in socio-cognitive niche construction, which appears to be a manifestation of increasing complexity in ecologically adapted organisms. For constrast, nothing known about mutations and natural selection leads to any informative explanation of biologically based cause and effect that involves any laws of biology. Evolutionary theory is useless because only biological laws link sensory input from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man. Thus, the problem for evolutionary theorists is that cause and effect occur outside the context of the evolution of biodiversity.
In addition, we now know that cause and effect occur within the context of Darwin’s ‘conditions of life.’ See: Quantum biology: Algae evolved to switch quantum coherence on and off. The  news article reports that mutations perturb the function of  amino acid substitutions that link photosynthesis in algae to the laws of biology in other organisms via nutrient-dependent amino acid substitutions. In this report, light is the nutrient.
In other organisms, amino acid substitutions enable ecological adaptations that result from ecological variation, which includes variation in light linked to ecological adaptations manifested in eyes and in eye regression in blind cave fish. However,  these ecological adaptations are perturbed by mutations. Thus, attributing either the evolution of eyes or eye regression to mutations is a false attribution.
In the context of the quantum biology of consciousness, “They found that in two species a genetic mutation has led to the insertion of an extra amino acid that changes the structure of the protein complex, disrupting coherence.” This suggests that in all animals, the amino acid substitutions appear to link cell type differentiation via nutrient uptake and metabolism to species specific pheromones that control the physiology of reproduction.
Everything known about the photosynthetic, micronutrient, and macronutrient pathways that link ecological variation via base pair changes to ecological adaptations shows that mutations perturb the protein folding that is required for niche construction to result in increasing organismal complexity via amino acid substitutions. Mutations simply cannot result in the organismal complexity manifested in organisms with eyes.
For contrast, see: Evolution of the first genetic cells and the universal genetic code: A hypothesis based on macromolecular coevolution of RNA and proteins “The origin of homochiral amino acids and sugars is assessed. The integrated development of the Universal Genetic Code in shown in eight steps. Mutation rates limited the sizes of early nucleic acid genomes to about 200 bases.”
In the context of Kohl’s Laws of Biology, achiral glycine links the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled stabilized genomes of yeasts and mammals via the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions. See:  Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems. Perhaps it will shed light on how the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in algae is connected across species via amino acid substitutions in organisms from microbes to man. But, even if you are unable to see the light, there is still no experimental evidence that links it (e.g., the light) as a nutrient source to nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations.
As I said once before: “It’s time for biophysicists to tell theorists and pathologists how to differentiate between theories about the genesis of different cell types and the biological facts about the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations that enable the genesis of different cell types in individuals of different species. Simply put, it’s time to stop trying to explain ecological adaptations in the context of mutations and evolution.”
See also: ‘Quantum smell’ idea gains ground” Let there be light as a nutrient source for life and cell type differentiation via amino acid substitutions — as noted by Dobzhansky (1973): Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution. As it turned out, nothing about evolution makes sense except in the light of what’s known about light as the first nutrient source for ecological variation and ecological adaptations. For comparison, mutation-driven evolution is pseudoscientific nonsense. Sunlight, for example, alters levels of the steroid hormone vitamin D, which stabilizes the genome of human populations in areas where malarial parasites forced the nutrient-dependent ecological adaptation of lactose persistence.